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Abdul Mejid II was the last caliph. And on the contrary , to the OP's assumption, he was deposed because he was too much under influence of parties holding his strings. This New York Times article from 1924 puts light. 《Sorry, i couldn't shake $4 for the whole article》 Another closer is excerpt from a New York Times article, April 13 ,1920. Caliph was ...


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The short answer, a lot less than the spice route, pining for a collapsed empire, emergence from the chaos of the collapse of Rome, Christianity; etc.. If anything, they weakened Italian states connected to Byzantium with the conquest of Byzantine and response by the Catholic church (the crusades because all religions have issues for a while). That may be ...


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There is an element of truth to what your friend told you. Civilization, so to speak, as manifested by the Italian Renaissance was sparked by a Spanish influence, however, the transfer was largely Christian in character. In other words, what kind of happened is that the Arabs invaded Spain and instituted a culture, then the Europeans defeated them, absorbed ...


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"Islam influence"? "Italian Renaissance was caused by Islamic influence?" Of course these statements are incorrect. There was some influence of SCIENCE which was cultivated by scholars living in Islamic countries. Not the influence of Islam itself. More precisely, this influence was the following: During the Dark Age in Europe, most of the writing of ...


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The two claims are not incompatible. There was certainly a very large Islamic influence on the Italian Renaissance. Many classical texts are largely known to us through transmission via the Islamic world. For example, see Wikipedia's article on the Transmission of the Greek Classics. Interpretations of the classical texts, like those of Aristotle, were ...


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Read this related SE Question and also the linked article. The second article seems to suggest that the Caliphate of the Ottoman Empire was already in a long and steady decline since sixteenth century which caused its downfall and not any single Caliph. The same article also suggests that a portion of the Islamic sect doesn't consider the Turkish ...


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Hi Islam is not banned in Greece. Muslim Greeks are however discriminated against. Evidence of Islamic rule is very evident in Northern Greece. There are dozens of operating mosques on use in Thrace. These citizens are unfortunately exploited by the secular Kemalist State of modern Turkey. The majority of Greek Muslims were expelled to Turkey after the ...


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The Jahangiris (1190-1520), a Tajik dynasty, were the original Sultans of Swat.* They ruled in parts of modern Afghanistan and Pakistan. From The Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab: A dynasty of Sultans who, according to Raverty, once ruled from Nangrahar to the Jhelum but, by the time the Kheshi Pathans overran Swat, their sway did ...



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