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Teaching of English became universal starting in elementary school around 1910. Here is a summary of the history: This was the situation in 1872 the year after the Daimyos were disbanded: While on the subject of education, I may mention that there is among the Japanese of all classes, an universal desire for acquiring foreign languages, especially ...


In addition to @Semaphore's excellent answer about the timing of the surrender, the army defending Manchuria was of low quality. Despite having no hope of stopping the Soviets, they held on past the end. In the late 30s, Manchuria was the front lines against the Soviets. The well-equipped Kwantung Army engaged in a series of escalating border conflicts with ...

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