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10

The official statistics about the number of federal employees (excluding army and postal service) between 1960 and 2005 are available at http://www.opm.gov/feddata/html/ExecBranch.asp. The data only shows the numbers at the end of each fiscal year (which at the time ended in June), so if we take Kennedy's presidency as lasting roughly from the start of 1961 ...


10

Apparently, Arthur Schlesinger wrote a memo against the "upcoming" Bay of Pigs idea. But he didn't push it very hard. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_M._Schlesinger,_Jr.


9

As per your original question: The Wikipedia section does not claim that Joseph P Kennedy bought John F Kennedy's victory. Such claims would be rather outlandish as it would mean that he was the only or the major contributor to the primary election campaign. As JFK would not have been able to win the democratic primary election unless he had widespread ...


8

The quick answer is the Cold War. The context surrounding the assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem provides the long answer. After WWII the US and the USSR were engaged in the Cold War. The time period from 1949-1963 saw China, North Korea, and Cuba become outright communist countries, and a short lived regime sympathetic to Moscow appeared in Guatemala. This ...


5

The outcome of the Cold War would likely not have been different if the "Space Race" did not occur. To answer your question, the space race played a small role in the outcome of the Cold War. The result of the Cold War was largely due to the inability of the USSR economy to ever takeoff. The failure of the Five Year Plans, the constant need to try and ...


4

Manned exploration of the Moon has an aspect that is now seldom remembered, but was pretty obvious at the time. Both sides prospected for a permanent Moon presence, soon followed by a populous, self-sufficient Moon colony. Repeating the "New World" scenario. I don't think such colony would remain non-military (i.e. civilian), but surely expansion into an ...


3

Personally I think that's a rather backwards way of looking at things. One of the main points about the big multistage missiles required to launch things into space is that you need pretty much the same capability to be able to launch things at another country tens of thousands of miles away. So a large part of the space race was always showing the other ...


1

I believe others have greatly underestimated the extent to which the Arms Race, and the Space Race, bankrupted the USSR by forcing it to spend an ever greater proportion of its scarce GDP on military technology. Then the Afghan War revealed that the emperor had no clothes, while simultaneously Reagan's Star Wars threat pumped up the pressure again. I ...


1

There were indeed some serious issues surrounding Kennedy's election in 1960, one of the closest elections in History. However, the controversies at the time involved contentions regarding voter fraud, principally in Texas, the home state of Lyndon Johnson, Kennedy's running mate, and in Illinois, particularly certain areas of Cook County (Chicago area), ...



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