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After the Civil War there were no "police" in the south, unless you consider occupational soldiers to be "police". These soldiers were poorly paid and had to spend most of their time figuring out how to get food and money, not conducting criminal investigations. Their main activities were to hang out in the ruins of the cities and large towns trying to find ...


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This is a citation from the Criminal Code of the RussianSFSR of 1960 (original edition, without amendments): Article 13. Necessary defense Shall not be considered a crime any act, even having features of doing listed in the Special part of this Code, but conducted in the state of necessary defense that is when protecting interests of the Soviet ...


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The Catholic Church was a separate judicial person during the Middle Ages due to the existence of ecclesiastical courts. But the pope is the head of the Collegium Pontificum (College of Pontiffs), which is different than a collegium. The Collegium Pontificum in the Roman Empire was the group of high pagan priests headed by the caesar. Byzantine emperor, ...


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This has been a particularly vexing question. First, it is well established that Constantine "legalized" Christianity in 313 AD. In doing so, it appears that Constantine granted specific rights to Christians regarding property and constructing churches. It's possible these specific rights were conferred by the Senate in the form of recognizing the Church as ...


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Massacre of Verden in 782 may be seen as the execution 4,500 Saxons by Charlemagne for being in breach of Capitulatio de partibus Saxoniae, a law forbidding paganism. This was in the context of a revolt and the 4,500 were surrendered by the Saxons forces upon capitulation. It may not be what the questioner is after as they weren't given anything ...



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