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18

As I recall from my readings, the floor of the theatre was where the masses sat, when they attended. Most would probably be drunk, considering the state of water sanitation at the time beer was the favored drink over raw water, and most would probably be ill-mannered. The well-to-do when they attended sat in the box seats above the "rabble", so that should ...


16

@YannisRizos answered the question. It is not known what he said, but the result was that the Roman masses became very angry with Caesar's murderers, burnt down their houses and made them flee from he city. Livius Appian's transcript of Mark Anthony's funeral oration, suggests that Shakespeare wrote for the stage, not for historical accuracy (although ...


15

Rabelais wrote five consecutive novels about the giants Gargantua and Pantagruel. This was between 1532 and 1564. A bit later Shakespeare wrote Henry VI part 1, 2 and 3. A thousand years earlier Sophocles wrote Oedipus the King and Oedipus at Colonnos. And some 500 years earlier Homer wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey. All of this is long before James Fenimore ...


11

It seems unlikely that Victorian Era readers of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass would have thought of drugs when reading about the special foods and drinks. This conclusion is based upon the fact that the First and Second Opium Wars started in 1839 and 1858. So you could argue that recreational drug use was not really on the ...


10

There wasn't such a huge distinction between high culture and low culture at the time, especially in the early english drama. Some of the earliest english drama, including the mirable and mystery plays, were put on by guilds, and had a rather amateurish quality.


10

Greek was in wide usage as the lingua franca of the Near East. It also has the benefit of actually surviving Roman rule, in the same capacity, all the way till the Late Antiquity. The Romans themselves read and spoke Greek. Thus, Greek works have had a much greater chance of surviving simply from a great, wider, and more durable distribution. The Etruscan ...


10

James Fenimore Cooper's Leatherstocking Tales are among the earliest examples of serial publishing. This was not originally planned as a series, nor did Cooper set out to publish a set number of novels. However, the profitability of these novels led Cooper to revisit the main character and his family several times over. The incentive to publish serially ...


9

The Nazis certainly approved of Oliver Twist. As early as 1923 the principal Nazi newspaper Völkischer Beobachter printed a German translation of the book in instalments. See here: http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1535


7

There are a number of streets in the UK, and I'm sure that there are in other countries too, that are named after literary characters. For example the town of South Woodham Ferrers, in Essex has a number of streets named after characters from Lord of the Rings. E.g. Arwen Grove Elronds Rest Galadriel Spring Gandalf's Ride Meriadoc ...


7

I don't think your question is answerable in any objective sense. There's no way to unambiguously measure the "goodness" of a writer. That being said, subjective and anecdotal experience does have some value. Selection bias and association probably have a lot to do with what you're seeing. Consider how people often complain that music today is shallow ...


7

The Cetology of Moby Dick was written by Herman Melville, but it draws upon the works of several naturalists and anatomists of his time, including: Thomas Beale, who wrote The Natural History of the Sperm Whale Frederick Debell Bennett, who wrote the Narrative of a Whaling Voyage Round the Globe Both were surgeons on whaling ships, and wrote of the ...


7

The story of Scherazade and The 1001 Tales of the Arabian Nights is the classic example of the captivating quality of a serial. Doomed to marry the Sultan one day, and be executed the next as punishment for his first wife's adultery, Scherazade concocts the most brilliant scheme to survive. In (presumably) the afterglow of being deflowered, Scherazade ...


6

The Bible is an example of such series of books. The books have mostly chronological order and share characters. They are intended to form a compact story and should not be treated alone. The first part is "Torah", written by Moses. As Wikipedia says, According to dating of the text by Orthodox rabbis, this occurred in 1312 BCE;[19] another date given ...


5

I believe the answer is archeology. Comparing archeological evidence with contemporary or subsequent accounts is how archeologists get at the truth of their practice. Without the historical accounts, fabulous or accurate as they may be, it would be difficult for archeologists to know what to look for. However, they do not take these accounts at face ...


5

The subdivisions of heaven and the theme of a vision of an ascent to heaven originate from Jewish mysticism. Different parts of the Talmud come from different times, but this idea is very old. During the 5th century BCE, when the works of the Tanakh were edited and canonised and the secret knowledge encrypted within the various writings and scrolls ...


4

There may not have been a movement in Britain, but there were certainly individual left-wing anti-colonial intellectuals from the British colonies who wrote works in this vein. C. L. R. James from Trinidad was one, recognized even today for Black Jacobins, a history of the Haitian revolution published in 1938. This event (contemporary to the French ...


4

According to your linked Wikipedia article, that movement essentially started out as a Francophone version of the Harlem Renaissance. One important point here is that the Afro-British would not have nearly as much incentive to start their own movement, as the existing one already used their native language. In fact, a sizable amount of participants in the ...


4

First of all, while you specifically pointed out that you were not asking if Lewis Carroll intended the books to be about drugs, it is nonetheless important to note that he truly did not intend that. Lewis Carroll was the pen name of Charles Dodgson, a rector and dean in the Church of England. Dodgson enjoyed making up stories for young children, and it was ...


3

It seems that she is a stereotypical fictional character, mainly a female sorcerer or goddess, based on early Celtic and Welsh mythology, poems and legends. The character isn't based around any particular person from what I understand. You can find more info about the character here: Morgan le Fay


3

It is not selection bias. Types of writing should be compared only against a comparable type of writing, controlling for the education and social class of the author, using comparable methods to a proper cross-sectional analysis. This is commonly done and then the text is placed into a software program to create a text analysis, so there this an ...


3

It is almost certainly selection bias. In fact, a dialect humor that resembles today's "Lolcat" was all the rage as comedy and Lincoln used to read it before cabinet meetings: HIGH-HANDED OUTRAGE AT UTICA - Artemus Ward In the Faul of 1856, I showed my show in Uticky, a trooly grate sitty in the State of New York. The people gave me a cordyal ...


3

In Poland, where I live, there are also many streets that are named after fictional characters. Usually, this practice dates for about 30 years. The Winnie-the-Pooh St. in Warsaw (Ulica Kubusia Puchatka) dates 1950s. I can't find the source now, but I read that it was the first street in Poland to be named after a fictional character. There are now lots ...


3

The fact is scant historical records survive from the time during which a historical Arthur, if any, would have lived, and usually, any attempt to determine a historical truth behind a character or event from such legends is left to guess work. It certainly does seem to be the case in some situations that events described in the legends of King Arthur were ...


2

Though I lack a link for you, my reading of grail histories has always implied that Morgan was a characterization of Lilith. Interestingly, the Old English word 'morgan' derives from the Germanic, relating both to "morning", and to "tomorrow". As such, 'morgen' is possibly a light-bringer meaning - which would parallel such name with the strengths gained ...


2

Another example, more recent, is Churchill's speech to the House of Commons on June 4, 1940, particularly the final paragraph though his rhythm and repetition occurs throughout the speech to a lesser degree. Again a fine example of free verse. Churchill's speech served multiple purposes. Firstly it needed to inspire the British people to continue the war. ...


2

Shakespeare has always been very popular in Germany. Versions of his plays were performed by German players already during Shakespeare's lifetime. In the nineteenth century there were more performances of Shakespeare's play in Germany than there were in Britain.


2

It is difficult to make exact estimates because reliable figures from different publishers making the same book are hard to come by, especially in the case of pirated editions, which were rampant at that time. The popularity of Uncle Tom's Cabin has been somewhat exaggerated and there were many publications that compare to it. For example, if you include ...


2

Yes, Christopher Marlowe wrote that. He was rather interested in Niccolò Machiavelli, and Tamburlaine (the play) reflects a bit of this influence, in the sense that it was a criticism of Machiavellian thoughts. His Tamburlaine (the character) can and has been seen as a sort of Machiavellian chivalrous mass murdering hero/villain, and the passage in question ...


2

What are you actually asking? This is an edition of Pascal published by Firmin Didot Frères in 1847. Are you asking how much you can sell it for?


2

I think you are referring to the story "In the Year 2889", written by Jules Verne's son Michael Verne, but published under Jules Verne's name. It contains a character "Frances Bennett", who is an immensely powerful media mogul.



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