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16

@YannisRizos answered the question. It is not known what he said, but the result was that the Roman masses became very angry with Caesar's murderers, burnt down their houses and made them flee from he city. Livius Appian's transcript of Mark Anthony's funeral oration, suggests that Shakespeare wrote for the stage, not for historical accuracy (although ...


16

As I recall from my readings, the floor of the theatre was where the masses sat, when they attended. Most would probably be drunk, considering the state of water sanitation at the time beer was the favored drink over raw water, and most would probably be ill-mannered. The well-to-do when they attended sat in the box seats above the "rabble", so that should ...


11

It seems unlikely that Victorian Era readers of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass would have thought of drugs when reading about the special foods and drinks. This conclusion is based upon the fact that the First and Second Opium Wars started in 1839 and 1858. So you could argue that recreational drug use was not really on the ...


9

Greek was in wide usage as the lingua franca of the Near East. It also has the benefit of actually surviving Roman rule, in the same capacity, all the way till the Late Antiquity. The Romans themselves read and spoke Greek. Thus, Greek works have had a much greater chance of surviving simply from a great, wider, and more durable distribution. The Etruscan ...


9

The Nazis certainly approved of Oliver Twist. As early as 1923 the principal Nazi newspaper Völkischer Beobachter printed a German translation of the book in instalments. See here: http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1535


9

There wasn't such a huge distinction between high culture and low culture at the time, especially in the early english drama. Some of the earliest english drama, including the mirable and mystery plays, were put on by guilds, and had a rather amateurish quality.


7

I don't think your question is answerable in any objective sense. There's no way to unambiguously measure the "goodness" of a writer. That being said, subjective and anecdotal experience does have some value. Selection bias and association probably have a lot to do with what you're seeing. Consider how people often complain that music today is shallow ...


5

There are a number of streets in the UK, and I'm sure that there are in other countries too, that are named after literary characters. For example the town of South Woodham Ferrers, in Essex has a number of streets named after characters from Lord of the Rings. E.g. Arwen Grove Elronds Rest Galadriel Spring Gandalf's Ride Meriadoc ...


4

First of all, while you specifically pointed out that you were not asking if Lewis Carroll intended the books to be about drugs, it is nonetheless important to note that he truly did not intend that. Lewis Carroll was the pen name of Charles Dodgson, a rector and dean in the Church of England. Dodgson enjoyed making up stories for young children, and it was ...


3

In Poland, where I live, there are also many streets that are named after fictional characters. Usually, this practice dates for about 30 years. The Winnie-the-Pooh St. in Warsaw (Ulica Kubusia Puchatka) dates 1950s. I can't find the source now, but I read that it was the first street in Poland to be named after a fictional character. There are now lots ...


3

It is almost certainly selection bias. In fact, a dialect humor that resembles today's "Lolcat" was all the rage as comedy and Lincoln used to read it before cabinet meetings: HIGH-HANDED OUTRAGE AT UTICA - Artemus Ward In the Faul of 1856, I showed my show in Uticky, a trooly grate sitty in the State of New York. The people gave me a cordyal ...


2

The subdivisions of heaven and the theme of a vision of an ascent to heaven originate from Jewish mysticism. Different parts of the Talmud come from different times, but this idea is very old. During the 5th century BCE, when the works of the Tanakh were edited and canonised and the secret knowledge encrypted within the various writings and scrolls ...


2

Though I lack a link for you, my reading of grail histories has always implied that Morgan was a characterization of Lilith. Interestingly, the Old English word 'morgan' derives from the Germanic, relating both to "morning", and to "tomorrow". As such, 'morgen' is possibly a light-bringer meaning - which would parallel such name with the strengths gained ...


2

It seems that she is a stereotypical fictional character, mainly a female sorcerer or goddess, based on early Celtic and Welsh mythology, poems and legends. The character isn't based around any particular person from what I understand. You can find more info about the character here: Morgan le Fay


2

I think you are referring to the story "In the Year 2889", written by Jules Verne's son Michael Verne, but published under Jules Verne's name. It contains a character "Frances Bennett", who is an immensely powerful media mogul.


2

Another example, more recent, is Churchill's speech to the House of Commons on June 4, 1940, particularly the final paragraph though his rhythm and repetition occurs throughout the speech to a lesser degree. Again a fine example of free verse. Churchill's speech served multiple purposes. Firstly it needed to inspire the British people to continue the war. ...


1

Although perhaps not the most recent, it may well be the most famous: Lincoln's Gettysburg Address is considered to be one of the finest examples of free verse in the English language. See: The Gettysburg Address is poetry....Here is a list of the stylistic techniques and principal messages of the Address, for some very interesting discussion and analysis, ...


1

Considering that the Rosetta stone wasn't discovered until 1799, and the hieroglyphics on it (or anywhere else) couldn't be read until circa 1822, it is difficult for the ancient Egyptians to have contributed to our literary heritage.


1

It is not selection bias. Types of writing should be compared only against a comparable type of writing, controlling for the education and social class of the author, using comparable methods to a proper cross-sectional analysis. This is commonly done and then the text is placed into a software program to create a text analysis, so there this an ...


1

I'd guess that it is mainly selection bias. We have all heard of Mozart, Liszt, Bach, but never heard of Salieri, Emile Bernard, or Khosrovidukht. Similarly, we have heard of Pachelbel's Canon in D, but not Als der Gütige Gott even though they were both written by Johann Pachelbel. Art tends to survive only when it is good.



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