New answers tagged

3

I believe the double-breasted tunic (distinct from the greatcoat, for cold weather) is signature of the troupes de marins as shown here; and here . Epaulettes are worn only by officers, and the 135 on the collar is presumably a unit ID, perhaps a regimental number. That there is not an anchor on the collar may suggest that the picture was taken after July ...


3

A more "normal" ratio of military to population might be something like 1%. That ratio would imply 17,000 men for the Norman conquerers instead of 7,000. There was one other factor in the Normans' favor. In modern times, guns are a great "equalizer." Not "everyone," but a large part of the population can be taught to use a gun in a short period of time. ...


14

When looking at why the UN does (or usually does not) do things, it's important to know two things: only resolutions by the UN Security Council are binding, and all of the permanent members have veto power. The permanent members at the time were the People's Republic of China, France, Russia, UK, and the US. With the Cold War just having ended, this was a ...


2

According to this document. Painted Out Stars In the dust and confusion of battle the US star could be mistaken for a German Cross at long range (greater then 1000 yards). Tank ers and armored units began painting out the stars to avoid becoming a casualty of ‘friendly fire’. The addition of the circle around the star helped to resolve this ...


1

A book on the Sherman tank mentions a couple things that might account for this. Some of the tanks that were operating in heavily wooded areas were adding paint over the olive drab to help camouflage the vehicle when in the woodline. Also as the comment above mentions, the tankers 'cleaned up' the star symbol which aided the Allied aircraft in identifying ...


0

I think the general answer is that successful conquerers: take the top positions of power (ideally decapitating the entire top eschelon) but leave the administration/bureaucratic system below them largely in place initially. exploit divisions among those who might unite against them use religion See all three of these techniques in use by William, ...


3

Straight-pulls Adopted By A National Army There's basically three families of successful straight-pull rifles: Mannlicher started it all off, then Schmit-Rubin, and finally the Ross rifle, with the Lee-Navy as a short-lived dead-end. Drawing of a Mannlicher M1886 Source The Mannlicher family of straight-pulls were used by Austria-Hungary, and her ...


-2

Switzerland uses Schmidt–Rubin. That's straight pull bolt-action rifle.


3

There may have been 1.7 million people in England, but 50% were women, who were non-combatants, so we're down to 0.8m (arguably; scaly llama exceptions apply) 33% of the remainder were over fighting age and 33% below fighting age; we're down to just over 0.2M Of the remainder, probably 95% of them had no military training (remember that Harold Godwinson ...


1

This answer is more political that purely historical; it should have been a comment but I needed the extra space. I believe you are thinking in modern terms: the state-nation, where the people is sovereign and can elect its own form of government. This concept, stablished as it seems, is relatively new (Age of Enlightment, American Declaration of ...


4

There is a difference between "control" and sovereignty. After the Battle of Hastings it was clear William had the most powerful force, so he became sovereign. When he marched to London there was noone to oppose him, so the town capitulated to him. He took hostages in London and then went around demonstrating his power. This activity which took place for ...


0

William did not have any claim to the throne, except by conquest after winning. The kings of Denmark and Norway had better claims. King Edward the confessor did not have the right to promise the throne to either Harold or William (except as a cynical political maneuver to keep them from making trouble during his reign). King Edward did not have the right ...


0

1) distance - the mongols could only have projected a relatively small amount of power into Europe, yes they could send a horde of mongols, but their allies marching from china is another matter, and their commitments to their heartlands would restrict the amount of power they could project. 2) logistics the mongol hordes required a lot of grass, sustained ...


2

If you were a ruler and your person is under threat, you'd want a well-trained bodyguard to protect you. As has already been answered in comments - there are heaps of examples of bodyguard units who are treated as an elite with better equipment, training, conditions, and privileges: Praetorian Guard in the Roman Empire Varangian Guard in the Byzantine ...


0

I think the better answer would come from asking why the French Columns failed in Spain whereas they were spectacularly successful everywhere else save Russia where infantry just doesn't matter too much. I can't say I know the answer to the question "why did the French get mauled in Spain" but certainly when you're moving in a series of columns the "will ...


-2

Napoleonic wars key final were Spain and Russia. Napoleon was so confident that he has enough army to conquer europe that he never expected that he will be defeated in these countries and start his retreat into France. Napoleon angried whole Europe provocking a big coalition against him and with it the surrender of France. In Spain, he thought that Spanish ...


0

well, i think it's fairly random. When you say knight, i presume you are referring to a medieval longsword. It depends on many factors such as make, luck and ultimately what the sword is used for/against. If it was a civilian weapon used for duels and self-defense, it would probably last more than a battle weapon used against polearms, axes, maces and ...


4

Generals Scharnhorst and Gneisenau were co-founders of the German General Staff, having been appointed by King Frederick William III after Prussia's defeat by Napoleon in 1806. They reformed the Prussian army from a small, elite, professional army, to a semi-professional "mass" army that served the country better in later fighting against Napoleon, against ...


-1

what is not cosidered here are when hitler came to power in 33,he asked the worlds leading powers that if they thought that german armed forces of 100 000 soldiers and no air force allowed peace to be maintained,then why dont all the world powers reduce their armed forces tothe same levels,then peace be assured.only after being rebuffed several times by the ...


4

Most military commanders knew about diseases and did what they could do, or what they thought was right to do to prevent them. The large numbers of victims were due to insufficient knowledge available at that time. For example British admirals perfectly new about scurvy and about tropical diseases they encountered in the Caribbean and elsewhere. They were ...


0

I'd have to agree with the Mike L. As long as the sword or blade is of at least decent quality steel and make, and cared for properly ( cleaned free of blood, perediocally sharpened, and kept free of rust) and you use it as intened (killing things, not chopping down trees or digging up stones or anything like that) Then the sword will last pretty much ...


5

Probably chiefly because they didn't really know what was causing it. The germ theory is actually fairly new, and even into the 20th century was quite controversial in non-scientific circles. It wasn't until public health officials working in the US Panama Canal construction zone managed to nearly eradicate the yellow fever that pretty much ruined previous ...



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