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By intervening in the internal affairs of other large empires (China, Persia, Kievan Rus) etc., and winning. China, for instance, was split between the Jin and Song dynasties. So the Mongols allied with the Song against the Jin, and after defeating the Jin, gathered up Chinese "not Songs" against the Song. In Persia, the Mongols benefited from the fact ...


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1/ the fragmented and disunited nature of china of the time. The ability for the Mongols to fighting only part of china and acquire Chinese allies was absolutely crucial for the mongol conquest. without this the Mongols would not have succeeded. this is a key factor in mongol success that is often overlooked. against a strong unified China the Mongols would ...


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I just googled the stirrup and recommend others do the same to inform themselves on this matter if they're so inclined. Using the Horse itself as a weapon was I think what the Mongols"discovered." The Romans did not interestingly...and always favored "artillery" and massed infantry. Roman Cavalry was always legendary for its weakness. Even more odd was how ...


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There are a number of tactical and strategic reasons that the Mongols were successful. Core of strong leaders: Not only were the upper levels of military leadership strong, but the mid-level and lower level leadership was also very strong. Flexibility of tactics: They used whatever means necessary to defeat their enemies, including using direct ...


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Most of that huge area was and until today still is scarcely populated and thus not really "controlled", but rather "owned". Control is executed over people, cities, communities, important landmarks, important resources by the presence of military, militia and gov. institutions. And while the Mongols certainly had a lot of these under their control, most of ...



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