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No surviving ancient histories describe Hellenic civilization preceding the Greek Dark Ages except for anecdotes relating to Homeric characters— and scholars are not even sure whether the Achæans can be identified as the Mycenaeans or not. What we know of Mycenaean civilization is almost entirely from the archeological record, and if Homeric stories are ...


6

In the story of the Trojan War, if not necessarily in the text of Homer's Iliad, Agamemnon's wife Clytemnestra learns of the fall of Troy via a relay of fire beacons. In Aeschylus' Agamemnon, she's said to have received the news in Mycenae (approximately 400 miles away) the very same night that Troy fell, and Aeschylus describes the path of the transmitted ...


4

The theory I formerly heard was that demi-barbarian Dorian greeks from the north overran their literate Mycenaean brethern to the south. The surviving displaced Mycenaeans then took to their boats and moved south into the levant and Egypt, where they became known as Philistines and Sea Peoples respectively. Sort of a domino effect. For instance, I believe ...


3

Linear B is in a curious condition - its corpus was in a terrible disarray because of their discoverer, Sir Arthur Evans, a passionate but undisciplined archaeologist who did as much harm as good to the body of knowledge surrounding the ancient world. It took a long time for scholars to piece together a complete catalog of Linear B and its translations, ...


2

Robert Drews wrote The End of the Bronze Age, and he presents a number of theories about what ended the Bronze Age. The most likely result was the destruction of every known city (except for Memphis and Thebes) by military conquest by the Sea Peoples. Several of the cities were destroyed repeatedly, so it appears that the city burners would return to ensure ...


1

It is very difficult to know something like this, because the archaeological remains are fragmentary and there are no contemporary written records. Estimates based on agricultural capability have too many variables of uncertainty to be reliable. The most famous piece of information concerning pre-historic Greece statistics is the Catalog of Ships, the list ...



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