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David Farragut was an aggressive commander who sometimes exceeded his orders. In 1863 near Port Hudson, for instance, he had orders to co-ordinate a naval attack with a land based attack. Farragut decided to attack first, to obtain all the glory for the navy, and was defeated when the Confederates could concentrate artillery fire on him without the ...


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He didn't know anything of the sort. He had to make a calculation based on the facts. Naval mines, then called torpedoes, were dangerous but unreliable, especially the Confederate ones. Although he had just seen the Tecumseh go down, showing that at least one mine was functional, he also knew that the confusion in the line of ships because of the ...


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My father was torpedoed off the US east coast by U-653 in May 1942. U-boats were more easily able to cause economic sabotage by sinking ships in US coastal waters than by attacking US ports. U-boats are not equipped to duel with shore batteries. U-boats are very vulnerable because the slightest crack to their pressure hulls will prevent them diving. Their ...


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Generally served either as minelayers or convoy escorts. Their net effect was more as a deterrent. relatively little success against U-boats with a few notable exceptions. These destroyers were collectively known within the Royal navy as the "Town class" and were provided by USA in five groups. 1st group: G.68 HMS Lewes - engaged E-boats Nov 42 2nd ...


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Pigeons. For some reason, the answer needed to be long! Ignore this sentence. Answer is Pigeons. Really. Click the link please.


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Before the telegraph, communication was normally by post, which was an office or shack for handling the mail. Military communications were handled right alongside civilian messages and for this reason the post was almost always operated by the government. Each route went over land or by sea as was most convenient and sometimes both. In many cases private ...


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They sent ships to the various headquarters with messages. Ships would return to their local headquarters to receive orders periodically. Failing that, the HQ would send another ship to the place where a particular ship was operating. I suppose the navy might have used commercial ships if convenient, but in most cases had to use their own sloops and ...


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According to Gannon's book, Operation Drumbeat and a quote from U-123 commander Lieutenant Captain Reinhard Hardegen, from the article Sharkes in the Water, the issue that most deterred U-boats from entering American harbors was that they did not have detailed charts of the harbor and feared running aground. Hardegen said they neither went aground near New ...


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Attacking targets in ports is the least productive way of using your ships for at least two reasons: 1) The damage you do can be easily repaired and 2) the chances of your own ships getting "caught" or sunk are the highest. The Japanese found this out at Pearl Harbor. All but one of the ships that they sunk were raised from the sea and recycled. (Only the ...


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What the other answers are missing is a clear explanation of why it is dangerous for a sub to enter a harbor. The reason why a sub cannot normally enter a harbor, like Boston Harbor or New York Harbor, is that they are shallow, confined areas. New York Harbor is about 50 feet deep. Boston Harbor is even more shallow, less than 20 feet in many places. It has ...


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(At least one U boat ventured up into Canadian waters, but there doesn't seem to have been much damage.) The advantage of U-boats was their stealth, but when they were detected then countermeasures could be taken. When attacking a US port, their location would have been easy to narrow down, and there would be massive allied firepower nearby. Far easier, and ...


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Because it would have been suicidal and unproductive. The bulk of the German U-boat fleet barely had enough range for operations in North America at all. They did things like filling water tanks with diesel just to get enough range to hunt convoys. The bigger, less maneuverable Type IX did have better range, but they were also clumsier and more detectable. ...


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Oldcat already answered for the naval aspects. There were also plans to obtain a long-range strategic bomber that would be capable of striking the contiguous United States from Germany. From Wikipedia: The Amerika-Bomber project was an initiative of the German Reichsluftfahrtministerium, to obtain a long-range strategic bomber for the Luftwaffe that ...


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The only ships the Germans could get to the US coast were U-Boats. These had small guns and no armor. A Coast Guard cutter could tear one to pieces. A 50 caliber machine gun hole could make the U-Boat unable to submerge again. So they stayed just outside the port and sunk ships, until the US started convoying and escorting the merchant ships. The sunk ...



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