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12

Frankly a country made up of two large population lobes completely separated by 3000 kilometers of relatively hostile neighbor (or twice that in ocean) is bound to break up eventually. It just logistically can't work out very well, and culturally they are bound to start going their separate ways. I'm unaware of any country like that in history that lasted ...


10

Technically, Pakistan's blasphemy laws are inherited from the British. In the early days of the Raj, the British Parliament appointed a commission chaired by Lord Macaulay to create a comprehensive penal code for British India. Chapter XXV of the resulting Indian Penal Code, adopted in 1860, covers offenses related to religion. The amended IPC was adopted as ...


7

One thing that might be a factor is the culture of each country going in. During the colonial period the British got a great deal of their military manpower from India. However, it wasn't evenly distributed. In fact, the native colonial Indian military units were heavily Muslim. The result of this is that Muslim Indians grew to view the military very ...


6

While the size of India and the presence of multi cultural society makes it hard for an armed force to take control of the entire country I think the structure of the Indian army makes it even harder. India's military is not independent of the democratic structure. The President of the Republic of India is the supreme commander of the armed forces and the ...


5

The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India At its peak, the Indus Civilization may have had a population of over five million. Inhabitants of the ancient Indus river valley developed new techniques in ...


5

Since the mid to late 1990s Australia has been going through a slow running constitutional debate between the High Court of Australia and the Government in the Federal Parliament. The Government seeks to make laws contravening its obligation under international law to protect refugees. (In Australia, Federal Parliament is bound by its international treaty ...


5

In the USA (which does not use the parlimentary system), the Supreme Court's rulings are pretty much final. However, if the ruling requires enforcement by one of the other two branches of government (eg: it isn't purely about court issues), sometimes they will refuse to enforce it, making the ruling pretty much moot. The most famous example of this was what ...


5

Apart from the fact that they were both Muslims, the people of the former East and West Pakistan were basically different people. The people of West Pakistan were more Caucasian and spoke Urdu, while the people of East Pakistan were more "Asian" and spoke Bengali. In the latter respect, the people of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) were more like their ...


4

20 Baluch with some tanks had secured the area immediately around the cantonment in the morning. This is the 26th of March during Operation Searchlight, the start of the war. As I suspected, they had tanks and used them from the beginning.


4

Gandhi accepted partition, but deeply deplored the communal violence that was taking place at that time. In fact, he had been scheduled to leave for a "peace march" to Lahore from Delhi, but was killed just four days before he could begin the march. He had also pleaded before the Government of India to try and maintain friendly relations with the Government ...


3

Yes, stone is typically more expensive than brick for two reasons. The first is that quarries (easily-accessible outcrops of building-quality stone) are rare in most locales, and the second is that the economics of construction favours the rapid laying of small objects (bricks) over the slow laying of more massive objects (quarried stone blocks) for smaller ...


3

In my opinion, although both India and Pakistan's military were involved in military conflict soon after their birth, India's military directly inherited the structure laid down by the British. One of the things that the British very strongly believed in was the subservience of the military to the civilian leadership. Pakistan had to develop a new military ...


3

I believe a number of reasons have contributed to this: Perceived threat from India leading to an over-powerful military organization, with the nascent nationalist perspective of the general public finding an identity and sense of pride in the powerful military their country possessed. In other words, the people of the country thought in the following way: ...


3

Gandhi was never in favor of Partition. Towards the time of independence Gandhi's influence in Congress decisions was reduced as he concentrated on other activities helping in empowerment of population. He was kept in dark and was subsided from the important Partition related discussions. Gandhi did not take part in celebrations of Independence day, he ...


3

The Pakistani General Election of 1970 (delayed in East Pakistan/Bangladesh until Jan 1971 due to flooding) resulted in no seats for the Bangladesh Awami League in West Pakistan. The polarised geographic concentration of party influence (BAL in the East, PPP in the West) lead to the Bangladesh Liberation War.


2

In the 1971 Bangladesh war in the eastern theaters pakistan had 1 armored regiment which consist of 75 US made M24 Chaffee tanks. Tanks was used in Dakha during operation searchlite on March 25th. Chittagong also saw some tank actions dring the same operation. During the operation searchlite which started on March 25 to April 10 Pakistani Army used Tanks ...


2

Probably unable to answer in the short term. The parties involved do not want to reveal their participation in any details, and the blogerati on all sides want to claim credit. It is difficult to sort out the signal from the noise. Having said, that, based on several minutes of research, I suspect the answer is: Both. There are conflicting sources that ...


1

Yes he did. According to Jinnah vs Gandhi, the possible reasons include: Mountbatten was a liberal and was opposed to the religion based partition demands of Jinnah(the Father of Nation, Pakistan) Nehru/Gandhi were good with diplomacy and negotiations Mountbatten was not pleased with the demands and negotiation style of Jinnah so it was a personality ...


1

America was already embroiled in a long (and unpopular) war in Vietnam, which it was trying to extricate itself from. The last thing that the American public wanted at the time was another major war in Asia, with India being much more powerful and populous than North Vietnam.


1

Apart from what bluesman has said, the US is very sensitive to public opinion in matters of foreign policy. Although President Nixon wanted to support Pakistan, he met with a lot of opposition led by Senator Edward Kennedy, who felt that the Government of Pakistan had to be held responsible for the thousands of refugees that entered West Bengal.


1

First Part: In general, all affected parties have a choice of appealing a decision made by a court. From linked article: If, as expected, the PPP and its partners decide not to challenge the court’s judgment, they will have to build a consensus around a new PM. (Emphasis Mine) There are always other options available to legislature. They can pass a ...



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