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According to this page which cites "Steckel, Richard H. and Roderick Floud (eds.)Health and Welfare during Industrialization Chicago : University of Chicago, 1997" as a source, the average height of a Frenchman between 1800 and 1820 was 164.1 cm. According to the French historian, Marcel Dunan (1963): "If one refers to the Memoirs of Marchand, t. II, ...


Historians treat gossip (or, in French, "rumeur", and I understand your question in this way) in two ways: 1) as something to debunk. Unsubstantied facts that need (apparently, again and again) to be put to rest. 2) as a social fact. If someone or a lot of people or a crowd believe in gossip it's not the truth of the gossip that is important but its role ...


Long story short, yes, he did. He was for a brief time military counsellor for the sultan of Ternate (around 1512). Ternate lies on longitude 127 East.


Three of the seventeen children died before they were baptized, so they don't even have names. For this reason, the church records list only fourteen children. In total, eight of his siblings died in infancy. Maria died when she was 15, Appolinaria died at the age of 26, and Elizaveta at the age of 29. Only four lived until 70.


In 17th century France, the top of the judiciary hierarchy is the King, who is an absolute monarch. Therefore, only a direct order from the King himself would be "legally" allowed to bypass laws and judges; it is called a lettre de cachet. We can see, for instance, Louis XIV issuing a bunch of them during the affaire des poisons (1677 to 1682) as an attempt ...


Unless the event is contemporary, gossip never comes out of a vacuum. It always has a source of some kind that is relating it. In those cases, the historian considers the track record and perspective of whoever it is relating the gossip, or the newspaper in which it appeared. Additionally, there are two major ways to verify any information, including ...


In the Philippines, some of my teachers have already settled this fact. Ferdinand Magellan circumnavigated the world in two trips. He was the second do it in two trips. (first, his ventures in Ternate and second trip, the expedition from 1519 to his death in 1521). Sebastian de Cano circumnavigated the world in one trip. Enrique of Malacca (Magellan's ...

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