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16

Origins of Pan-Slavism Speaking as a (western) Slav, panslavism was indeed a big topic in 19th century politics. The primary reason for this seems to have been that outside of Russia, most Slavic populations were not in fact in their own nation states, but rather were subjugated by other national groups. This included, for instance, Czechs under Austrian ...


11

There were popular uprisings by English peasants (and other common folk) against the monarchy in the years preceding the Wars of the Roses (1455-1487). These rebellions give an indication of the political consciousness of some English peasants in the 15th century. The period from 1440-1480 was a time of economic depression in England known as the Great ...


9

There's not really a "specific reason" since he lost favour over some period of time, rather immediately in response to a single event. But some generally agreed factors were Stalin's paranoia and intolerance of dissent, as well as and Molotov's own personality. Vyacheslav Molotov is well known to be stubborn and independent minded. He argued with Stalin ...


6

It wasn't just about the Slavs; people everywhere were feeling this way. It essentially happened because the idea of Nationalism: that people in ethnically, geographically, culturally, and linguistically coherent areas should owe their allegiance only to their own single native governments, became a popular sentiment worldwide. Ethnic nationalism was in ...


6

Common knowledge: The One Time Pad is in theory unbreakable (and in practice if properly managed - I'm looking at you Soviet Union). This is a Poly-alphabetic substitution cipher with a random key (in effect infinity long).


5

This is a bit of a tricky question. Before speaking of historical views of homosexuality, it is very important to understand what is being spoken about. Prior to the 20th century, there really was no concept of homosexuality as we understand it today. In the late 19th century, the concept of homosexuality as an actual orientation was first proposed and ...


4

Well, as Delfosse was fighting against French influence on Belgium, I think he tried to say that the idea's of the 1848 French revolution shouldn't brim over to Belgium! On the other hand, we shouldn't also forget that, after the first French revolution, in 1794 France invaded Belgium. And after the period as part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands ...


4

According to The Declaration of Independence for Dummies, Part 1, ”But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their Right, it is their Duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.” can be reworded "in ...


4

Every government begins with a successful act of treason against the prior government. Most government reforms begin with an act that if not successful would be deemed treason. Sulla who became dictator of Rome Caesar who cross the Rubicon The American Constitutional convention, summoned to reform the articles of Confederation but instead created a new ...


2

"Train" in this context, means a series of events, in this case, "abuses and usurpations" as cited in the passage of another answerer. A common 18th century usage of "train" was "wagon train," as in a group of wagons pulled by horse that carried food and other supplies for an army. It was only in the 19th century, after the invention of steam engines and ...


2

For a rather long while slavic peoples were a popular target for slave trade (hence the word "slave"), genocidal endeavours (such as Ottoman campaigns to Bulgaria and the Caucasus) and overlordship (such as the case of Czech republic under Austria, or, interestingly enough, Belarus under Poland). Pan-slavism developed as a form of multi-nationalism, if you ...


2

Terminal train stations were built in continental Europe because many railroads connected only two cities in the early to mid 19th century. There were not many rail lines, and the stations built were terminal stations. As the railroad network increased, the terminal stations could not be converted to passthrough anymore.


1

Train had a different meaning before the advent of the rail road. More like a "length of" like the train of a dress. Then a train of cars (railroad train cars) was abbreviated to just train.


1

Dorris Kerns Goodwin had a great chapter on the 1860 nomination in her book Team of Rivals. First off, you should realize that party nominations in that era were decided by party delegates at their convention, not by the general public. These delegates in turn were generally either appointed by local elected officials, or were themselves elected officials ...


1

It boils down to simple mathematics. The US electoral system is mostly based on a winner-takes-all approach (BTW, that's mostly not written into the Constitution, but rather evolved ad-hoc, for similar mathematical reasons). In a winner-takes-all system, only the two biggest vote-getters will ever have meaningful influence, so it is natural for a dualism to ...


1

There certainly were other "pan" movements. German unification and the early expansion of Nazi Germany was driven by uniting all German speakers under one flag. Italy had a Italia Irridenta movement that looked to grabbing land from Austria Hungary. Mussolini parlayed some of this into the Fascist Party.


1

One elector went for Ronald Reagan in 1976--the first time he ran, not when he won the race.: from Wikipedia on the 1976 Electoral College results: Washington Elector Mike Padden, pledged for Republicans Gerald Ford and Bob Dole, cast his presidential electoral vote for Ronald Reagan, who had challenged Ford for the Republican nomination. He cast ...


1

Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand, prince de Bénévent - the fellow who moved from supporting the King to the Revolution to Napoleon to the Restored Kings qualifies a half a dozen times. John Churchill, later Lord Marlborough and his associates also betrayed the Catholic King James II to support William of Orange. This is called the Glorious Revolution by the ...



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