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19

As noted in the comments, this depends on what you mean by "Starting a war". Technically speaking, a war requires a formal declaration by Congress (though specific forms are subject to debate). As such, the last one started by the USA was in WW2, with declarations in 1941 (Japan/Germany/Italy) and 1942 (Romania and other Axys countries); which makes the ...


17

In short: It was true until 2006. Now he can still run for president of France, but through the standard way : he can acquire French nationality through naturalization (like anyone) and run for president as a French citizen! More precisely : This article (Sorry, Bill Clinton. You can't be president of France or Ireland) explains deeply why : Clinton ...


13

John Quincy Adams was elected to the House of Representatives in 1831. John Tyler served as a member of the Confederate States Congress - that may or may not qualify. Andrew Johnson was a US Senator in 1875 Grover Cleveland went on to be President after his term in office William Taft went on to be Supreme Court Justice (hat tip to @michaelF).


11

It actually happens fairly often. The last was in 2004, where a Minnesota elector (who would not own up to it) voted for Edwards (the VP candidate) instead of John Kerry. The assumption has been that this was done out of incompetence rather than malice. The cycle before that, the DC elector refused to vote, in protest to DC having no congressional ...


9

The most obvious examples would be three members of the Founding Fathers who served in roles for the British government. George Washington served as both a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses which dealt directly with the royal appointed Governor of Virginia, and as a member of the British army. John Adams was briefly a member of the Massachusetts ...


9

IMHO this is pretty much a general reference question. Links for it abound. So I'll instead use the balance of my answer to warn you about the data. Basically, comparing unemployment numbers over that many years has lot of issues. First off, official BLS data only goes back to 1948. Any data you get from before that will be a bit like comparing apples to ...


7

My understanding, as confirmed by your intuition and this article in the New Yorker exploration into presidential biographies starting with John Eaton's 1817 work "Life of Jackson" was that it wasn't until 1824 that attitudes on running a presidential campaign substantially changed. From said article, The election of 1824 brought the first campaign ...


6

Its true that he said it. However, the statement itself was not true. (Sorry, French Clinton fans!) He apparently got that idea from an open letter a political scientist wrote to him in the New York Times back in 2001 suggesting the idea. The problem there, however, is that after that letter brought attention to the Louisiana Purchase loophole, the ...


6

You essentially have it correct. The Constitution says: No person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years, and ...


5

Although Quayle is the punch lines of many jokes, he had served with distinction, and had been elected with significant margins; those are strong positives for a Vice Presidential Candidate. He won reelection in 1978 by the greatest percentage margin achieved to date in that northeast Indiana district. In 1980, at age 33, Quayle became the youngest ...


5

Anyone can declare that he or she is running for president of the United States. That is essentially unrelated, however, to whether he or she will be placed on the ballot, much less have a chance of winning. To become president, one must win a majority in the Electoral College, and barring an extraordinary bout of collegiate faithlessness, that means you ...


5

There is a provision in the Constitution for the President to propose bills to Congress. From Article II, Section 3 (emphasis mine): He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; While every President has had the ...


5

If your question is specifically about the candidate hitting the campaign trail and personally campaigning then the answer is the election of 1880. According to the Miller Center at the University of Virginia during the election of 1828 "neither candidate personally campaigned in 1828, but their political followers organized rallies, parades, and ...


4

Conrad Black describes the circumstances in Richard M. Nixon: A Life in Full as follows: The inevitable swarms of conspiracy theorists claim that [Alexander] Haig brokered a pardon for Nixon from Ford. Both Haig and Ford deny this and have done so in identical and strenuous terms for over thirty years at the time of writing ... Further, Nixon ...


4

USA political campaigns are pretty much continuous these days. Many people blame this on the rise of partisan mass media outlets. I will argue they are quite correct to do so. However, if you look back into history this is really just a return to the way things have historically been. In the 18th and 19th centuries every major town had newspapers ...


4

As bizarre soul who actually blew some of his vacation in '88 on a Florida beach that summer watching the Rep convention coverage.. VP choices are generally all about compensating for the POTUS candidate's perceived weaknesses. Bush had been a moderate before his association with Reagan, which meant the conservative base of the Republican party was not all ...


3

I believe that the first "smear campaign" in U.S. Presidential politics was against Andrew Jackson in 1824. http://www.omg-facts.com/History/The-reason-Democrats-are-associated-with/50955?id=50955&c_val=1 George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe were all "Founding Fathers" of the United States. No one of any ...


3

Originally I thought that the fact it said "one or the other Houses of Congress" might have something to do with this, since the House tends to be less able to keep up traditions due to the turnover in Representatives every few years. And I was almost right. Although the date looks to be slightly off, it turns out that: February 19, 1979 On this ...


3

There wasn't necessarily a great deal of it. McKinley was shot by an anarchist while he was shaking peoples' hands at the Pan-American Exhibition in Buffalo. No vetting, no metal detectors (of course not, as they weren't invented yet), not much more than "here is a line, stand in it and greet the President of the United States". Indeed, all Leon Czolgosz had ...


3

President John Tyler served for the Confederacy after being president. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Tyler). The 14th amendment specifically prohibits former Confederates from serving certain offices (Specifically: (Section 3) prohibits the election or appointment to any federal or state office of any person who had held any of certain offices ...


3

In 1806 James Monroe, at the time serving as the US minister to Britain, tried to renew the Jay Treaty of 1795. However, both Thomas Jefferson and James Madison (then Secretary of State) rejected the treaty. Monroe's and Madison's differing opinions about foreign affairs came up again in 1808, when Monroe was considered by parts of the Democratic-Republican ...


3

William Howard Taft is the first one that comes to mind, since he served as the 27th President of the United States from 1909 to 1913, he didn't really like it and later became a professor of law at Yale and then was nominated for the Supreme Court as Chief Justice. You can read a little bio on him at the White House web site.


2

Mitt Romney is not a declared candidate for president. The length after a declaration to the presidency is always roughly 18 months, but the portion of campaigns after declaration have been going on a few months longer recently as well. The earliest declared candidacy in recent memory is Hillary Clinton in the 2008 campaign. She declared in late January ...


2

The most on point case for what it means to be a natural born citizen is U.S. v. Wong Kim Ark (full opinion found at Justia). The opinion itself is a great read on the issue, and one that covers the development of the theory in considerable depth. Discussed in the opinion are the facts that the US recognizes natural born citizens to be both jus soli (right ...


2

From the Congressional Research Service: "Considering the history of the constitutional qualifications provision, the common use and meaning of the phrase "natural-born subject" in England and in the Colonies in the 1700s, the clause's apparent intent....would mean a person who is entitled to U.S. citizenship "at birth" or "by birth". I think that they ...


2

2001-2008 was not a time of rebellion and danger of public health and safety. The arguments of the court can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boumediene_v._Bush#Opinion_of_the_Court He was not acquitted of his charges, as he was never charged with anything. (That's the whole point, if he had been arrested and charged with something, his habeas ...


2

Eisenhower perhaps qualifies, who was Military Governor of the U.S. Occupation Zone in Germany from the end of WW2 up to November 1945. He was responsible for the Joint Chiefs of Staff's directive 1067, the blueprint for rebuilding Germany after the war. He was responsible for distribution of food, medicine, dealing with the concentration camps and ...


1

Bush's introductory speech on Quayle began, "Born in the middle of the country, born in the middle of the century..." I believe that to George Bush Sr. (an aristocrat), the circumstances of Quayle's birth, background and breeding seemed to outweigh his other qualities. Put another way, it seems that Quayle was selected for "social" reasons of personal ...


1

This battle was the battle of New Orleans, early in 1815. The peace treaty for the War of 1812 had been signed in Europe, but the Americans didn't yet know it (in the days before telecommunications). Nor did the British attackers headed to Louisiana. Jackson adopted a fortified position and let the British attack over rough terrain. The result was a ...



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