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To qualify as “Aryan” you had to prove that none of your four grandparents was Jewish. In practice, this meant that you had to prove that they were baptised Christians. If you had a Jewish great-grandparent you would still qualify as “Aryan” if that great-grandparent had converted to Christianity and had his or her children baptised. So the Nazi “race” ...


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While there was an idealzed physical appearance of the "master race" (blonde hair, blue eyes, ect.), it was not practical to use that as a basis for discrimination because too few people would have passed - most importantly not Hitler himself! Instead, the Aryan certificate required to keep full citizen's rights was based entirely on ancestry: if your ...


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I can witness personally that such discrimination existed at Moscow State University. It was kind of an open secret: most people knew about it, but not discussed in public. If you are looking for personal accounts by prominent mathematicians and scientists who were rejected by Moscow State University, that's relatively easy to do just by googling. Here's ...


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Given the totalitarian nature of the SU, information on such a blatant ethnic discrimination was not officially confirmed (duh!) and spreading it, in fact, could land one in jail. This accounts for the lack of "official sources". However, this was common knowledge among Jewish "abiturients" (as the contenders for college admission were called) and their ...



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