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7

Thomas Pornin's answer is very good answer to the question of "Can we know anything about Jesus?" But since your question was technically "What do we know about Jesus?", I thought I'd add a few facts about Jesus that the majority of secular and religious historians alike agree upon. Jesus existed Virtually no serious historian believes that Jesus never ...


6

Gospels are a source, like any other. If we were to exclude sources simply because they were written down four decades after the facts, then most of History would disappear. For instance, most of what we know on Genghis Kahn is from The Secret History of the Mongols, a document which was written several decades after his death. Fact is that known sources on ...


0

Let me give an input regarding Hinduism which is considered as a major polytheistic religion and one of the oldest in the history. Hinduism is actually have another name, 'Sanathana Dharma', which is considered as the culture of India. Even though Hinduism now considered as a religion with all essence of this culture. There are more than 33 Million Gods ...


1

A pity question. Atenism was a sect that departed from the traditional polytheistic Egyptians but did not really catch on after the death of Amenhotep. One, as mentioned above, can make a case for its brief appearance being the first recorded monotheistic belief system. Also often overlooked is that Judaism as practiced during the first temple period was ...


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Not a messenger did We send before thee without this inspiration sent by Us to him: that there is no god but I; therefore worship and serve Me. Quran (21:25) And it was already revealed to you and to those before you that if you should associate [anything] with Allah , your work would surely become worthless, and you would surely be among the losers. Quran ...


2

Akenaten In Egypt, Pharaoh Amenhotep IV started a new monotheistic religion and renamed himself Akenaten, moving to a new capital city Armana unsullied by the normal religion. This would be about 1350 BC to 1320 BC. When he died, his son Tutankhamun reconciled with the old regime, and the city was abandoned. This heresy and the need to wipe out its ...


10

Zoroastrianism Although we usually recognise Judaism as the first monotheistic faith, the title may actually go to Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrianism was established around the 6th century BCE. In a nutshell, it abandoned the previous Persian pantheon and simplified it to "two forces Spenta Mainyu (Progressive mentality) and Angra Mainyu (Destructive ...


-3

It is interesting to travel in time and space, exploring the source of first monotheistic religion... APEU ( as per evolving understanding) it seems, before the religion comes the language - vocabulary/ terms/associated comparisons/reflections and so on. What if one has not learnt about polytheism - this word doesnt exist in one's learning ? how would one ...


8

In an appendix to his book "When Our World Became Christian", Paul Veyne studies the extent to which the concept of monotheism applies to Judaism. His main point is that the concept of monotheism ("there is only one God") can be differentiated from monolatrism ("ye shall worship only one God") only if the idea of "a non-existent deity" can be conceptualized. ...


1

Long before Judaism the god Ahura Mazda was worshipped in Persia. They had a number of Commandments which where very simular to the Ten Commandments, it is very likely Abraham based his religion on this older one or at least borrowed some elements


27

Judaism is very old, but it was not originally monotheistic (see below). An earlier instance of monotheistic or monotheistic-esque worship occurred in the form of Atenism, the worship of the deified sun-disk Aten in Ancient Egypt. The Pharaoh Amenhotep IV (later Akhenaten), reigning around 1353/1351-1336/1334 B.C., promoted it as an arguably monotheistic ...


7

Kudos to @thomasPornin for a decent outline, but I think the answer is broader than that. As I said above, I think the answer is that the Jews do not merit the abuse they've suffered, but I think it may be helpful to outline a few more answers. The alien among us. As Mr. Pornin says, Jews have traditionally followed customs that set themselves apart from ...


1

Christianity is a death cult - its central mystery is death, and transcendence over it. Thus, one can surmise that the proto-Christians felt that dying for their faith was part-and-parcel of the faith, and I imagine that to those who were interested in "suppressing" Christianity (probably the priests and other investees in the status quo state-sponsored ...


6

"Oh my God, they killed Jesus ! (The bastards !)" In medieval Europe, Jews were unloved for several reasons, the two main of which being: The accusation of having "killed Jesus". This had some strong effect in Celtic and Germanic people: justice, at that time and for these people, was both collective and personal. When someone committed a crime, the whole ...


0

You have the right idea, but it is a little off base. I can explain. You probably already know about Alexander the Great and his conquests. Throughout the Afro-Eurasian continent, Alexander set up garrisons, or small military towns, to rule over a certain area and claim it for Macedonia. The soldiers in these areas set up their own societies, with Greek ...


28

Religion is a great cultural differentiator. People have been killing each other for many millenia, with a preference for targeting other people who belong to a distinct "culture", a rather loose term. From the outside, the god(s) people worship are quite easy to work out; if they are not the same as yours, then these people are "foreigners". Historically, ...



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