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I found two schools of thought on this. School 1: There is not and never has been any official organization overseeing all Pentecostals, and there is not really one single founding church of the movement. Pentecostalism is a set of beliefs that evolved over time among a lot of independent churches, so there really is no single founder. The earliest ...


3

There are two ways to look at that. The first is to look at the late Classical period, where the Remnants of the Roman Empire in the east lost control of Rome, and thus the papacy. This allowed the Popes the ability to exert their ecclesiastical power without having to worry about any political repercussions. An "all-powerful" emperor is obviously not ...


3

I don't know if this is exactly what you're looking for but I'll throw it out. There's a wikipedia article of Catholic excommunications. Most recent ones are over abortion like this one in 2012 where apparently Catholic lawmakers in Uruguay were excommunicated for giving a yes vote towards legalizing abortion. This is contested and Catholic officials ...


2

The Catholic Church, especially in the High Middle ages, was a great aid to science. The Church even founded the modern university system. Physicists of the High Middle ages had such a profound affect on the intellectual atmosphere of Galileo, Newton, et al. that they took their discoveries as common knowledge. Some of the most famous of the pre-Galilean ...



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