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This question can be subdivided into two more: 1) Why Protestantism (Calvinism and Lutheranism) vs. Catholicism and 2) Why Calvinism vs. Lutheranism. 1) For Protestantism over Catholicism. Protestant theology held that Christians were connected to God through the scriptures, rather than through the Church. This came at a time when the (Catholic) church ...


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Opposition to the monarchy was indeed a major factor. Many French nobles, a majority of whom adopted Calvinist doctrine, sought to regain and extend privileges lost to the monarchy. - Nexon, Daniel H. The Struggle for Power in Early Modern Europe: Religious Conflict, Dynastic Empires, and International Change. Princeton University Press, 2009. ...


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Religious sects (heresies) tend to be very heavily correlated to societies and their desires for who they want to associate with, and distance themselves from. For instance, German tribes in the late Roman period tended to take up Arianism, which quite conveniently provided them independence from Roman popes and a common sect amongst themselves. A similar ...


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Satires have the problem that they are meant to be a little silly, not convincing. I always hold out for the first scifi story being Kepler's Somnium which was an attempt to draw a convincing inhabited moon. (In circulation as a manuscript by 1611.) The earliest not-sacred non-humans might be the scorpion-men in The Epic of Gilgamesh. (2100 BC)


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There is no exact proof that explains the decline of buddhism in India. But as you mentioned this started in late 12th Century. But we can find many theories on the disappearance of Buddhism in India. 1. Influence of Brahmanism We all know that Hinduism is one of the most dominant and oldest religion in India. But after Great Emperor became devout ...


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Almost every religion or spiritual belief system in the world has at least some expression of a single god or an underlying force that permeates everything. God in that sense is usually described as omnipresent, unchanging, eternal - that which has always been, always will be and from which everything is created. For Hindus that would be Brahman, Christians ...


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It's odd no one has mentioned Judaism. Arguably the source of both Christianity and Islam, it has (despite occasional attempts) never been very imperialistic. Also, Sikhism, another monotheistic religion, has not (that I know of) been particularly imperialistic. On a slightly different topic, if members of two different monotheistic religions discover ...


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If you look at the European area alone, there is a distinct shift towards a more 'modern' monotheistic religious in the rise of the Mystery cults in Greece and Rome. Mithras, Sol Invictus, were somehow different and beyond and more exciting than the old pantheon. Even in standard Paganism, individuals tended more and more to identify with a smaller set of ...


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If you read the Old Testament, you will see hints of polytheism being at the roots of Judaism. Comparing the different names you see this as well. The story of Abraham choosing one god above the others is a case in point. El, a Canaanite god name etymologically related to Allah, is generally the original word for God in Judaism. After Moses, however, you ...


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Not getting into the WHY. But take a look at Egyptian religion and history. They were polytheism (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egyptian_religion) transformed into monotheism (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atenism) and then changed back. Looking at those details and might provide some insight as to the how.


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One of the main common tenets of Monotheistic worships, is the inherent assertion, that there is only one God; that those who consider otherwise are wrong. Hence, its a motivation that followers should make efforts to bring those who don't recognise their one God, under Him,because they are under the influence of wrong. Hence, monotheistic religions all ...


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I'm not sure you can really state that thesis with certainty. The world's top two religions are indeed monotheistic. However, that could just be explained due to them both arising in the same region. The third and fourth largest religions, Hinduism (1 billion adherents) and Shenisim (about 400 million), are both polytheistic. The fifth, Buddhism (also about ...


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Political expediency. A common, populist explanation is that Aurangzeb Alamgir was religiously conservative, as taninamdar has noted. However, this is certainly not the whole picture. Though his personal religious outlook may well have been an underlying bias, political considerations were at least equally important reasons for Aurangzeb's policies - if not ...


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Albanians are not the only nation in the Balkans to accept Islam. All societies had groups accepting Islam. The difference of the Albanians is that they are the only nation in the Balkans, who managed to have a national identity above religion. Which means that the term Albanian covers all Albanians of Muslim, Orthodox or Catholic faiths. This is not ...


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This or other similar questions are very much debated, and does not have a simple answer. One shall start by asking who is a Greek, and who is a Turk. Throughout the history, in the geography where Turkey is situated today, hundreds of different civilizations had lived, and one replaced the other. Hellenization of Asia Minor and beyond reached its climax ...


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Actually there were such considerations, not in the sense of changing to Islam but in the sense of changing to Catholicism. As you know, Greeks before the fall of Constantinople signed an Unia document subscribing to Catholicism while keeping their rites unchanged so to obtain military support from the West (and that decision was controversial). This was ...


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Two thoughts, the first being that the skeletal type of the tall man at Anemospilia was non-Cretan, and dating the presence of Mycenaeans on Crete to when they took it over discounts the possibility of individuals or groups visiting earlier. These visits are entirely probable. Secondly, knife or cut marks on a body/bones do not a feast make. In the ...



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