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Caligula ("Little Boot," singular) was a nickname lovingly bestowed on the future emperor by his father, and was used by the soldiers as a term of endearment. It was never an insult. I don't see how being nicknamed "Gallic Cloak" can be insulting. These two may not be as flattering as "Philip the Fair," "Louis the Sun King," or "Honest Abe," for that ...


Not really. Portraiture as an art was having a bad couple of centuries in Attila's time. Whatever we know of Attila's looks comes from written descriptions that differ significantly from one another and are oftentimes embellished. It stands to reason that he was short, like most of the great conquerors. Beyond that, it's anybody's guess.


Presumably a Roman Centurion would have used the Latin word sagittō. CAUTION - I neither speak Latin nor do I study etymology, so what exists in an online Latin translator today may have little or no bearing on the archaic Latin used two millenia ago. sagitto, no perf., ātum, 1, v. n. and a. [id.]. Neutr., to discharge arrows, to shoot with arrows ...


Just to follow up on Semaphore's comment. The price of silk was highly variable during Roman times and it was considered the ultimate luxury item. In both the Rhodian maritime laws and in accounts of the reign of Aurelian (270-275 AD) it is implied that silk was worth its weight in gold. So, for example, the silk in a garment weighing one pound might be 14 ...

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