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The first (known) female Pharaoh is Sobekneferu (or Neferusobek) that ruled Egypt three centuries before Hatshepsut, from 1806 to 1802 BC. Sobekneferu is probably the earlier female ruler (in general, not only Egypt's) whose name we know and for whose reign we can be reasonably certain. James Henry Breasted regarded Hatshepsut as "the first great woman in ...


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The person that comes to mind is Getulio Vargas of Brazil. He first took power in 1930, in a military-backed coup, after being defeated in a Presidential race, ousting the outgoing President and President-elect. He ruled as a virtual dictator until 1945, at which time he was forced to step down from the Presidency, and allow democratic elections, because his ...


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It is hard to prove a negative but we do not have any sources that mention any public resistance or open rebellion against Queen Hatshepsut's rule. Marc Van de Mieroop in his Egypt textbook A History of Ancient Egypt writes that the New Kingdom period is probably the one of best document period of Ancient Egypt. We have surviving accounts from not only the ...


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Cincinnatus is sort of the prototypical example. He was elected dictator of Rome in 458 BC to deal with a military emergency, and again the following year to deal with a plot against the republic. Both times he gave up dicatatorial powers as soon as the crisis had been dealt with, and went back to his farm. This had a great influence on the founding fathers ...



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