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1

Archangelsk: they did use this route to supply Russia. The main problems were that it was only open during the Summer and even in the Summer it is dangerous for ships. Persia: This was not a viable route in 1916 due to a lack of railroads. Trans-Siberian Railway: This very long route was used during the war, however, it was unreliable and the British did ...


12

The quote contains a lot of hyperbole, I'm going to go over them briefly and then set them aside. "the one that America was briefly involved in" The US entered the war in December 1941, the USSR in June 1941. One could stretch the Soviet involvement back to the Winter War or the Invasion of Poland. Either way, both fought hard for years. "From scratch" ...


2

When people owe more money than have, they have to make specific excuses from where the funds will originate for any new expenditures. Peter drew money from poll taxes and land taxes, but those monies were heavily claimed by various creditors and entities, such as the army. Since such money comes from the people, they demand satisfaction for its use. The ...


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Russia had declared war on Germany on 20 July 1914 (Old style) Russia had declared war on Austria on 26 July 1914 (Old Style)


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Yes. Tsar Nicholas II issued a manifesto on 19 July (i.e. 1 August, New Style) which is considered Russia's declaration of war against Germany. Made in response to the German notice, it was read to a crowd from the balcony of the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg at 3 p.m. the next day. I can't locate the original text, but here's a translated excerpt: ...


6

Germany had declared war on Russia on 1 August, in response to Russian mobilisation; Austria followed on 6 August. (timeline; text). There was presumably no need for Russia to make their own declaration after this point.


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Would you consider the partitions of Poland by the Russian Empire, Prussia, and Austria in the 18th century?


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MichaelF, to answer the second part of your question, or just maybe an aside to your post, St. Petersburg was originally created by Peter the Great who was seen as extremely progressive, and had an interest in western culture. St. Petersburg was originally, as DVK had stated earlier, swamp land. Peter needed to fill in this area with sand and clay in order ...


0

From reading the books of Robert Massie, specifically about Catherine II (Catherine the Great) [r. 1762-1796], at this time the lingua franca was French. Anyone who was anyone in Russia spoke French. Catherine the Great and Peter the Great were arguably the most progressive Tsars in Russia's history. With that, a more western style of philosophy, ...



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