A country occupying the northern third of the isle of Great Britain, and one of the countries of the United Kingdom. Existed as an independent nation called the Kingdom of Scotland from the 9th century AD to 1707 AD.

Scotland is a country occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, and is one of the countries composing the United Kingdom (alongside England, Wales, and Northern Ireland). It is bordered by England to the south.

The Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent nation during the 9th century AD and remained independent until 1707 AD, when Scotland joined England to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Scotland's capital and second-largest city is Edinburgh. It's largest city is Glasgow.

history | excerpt history