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One of the main cod-justifications for slavery was to convert the slaves to Christianity: they called slavery 'opening the gates of mercy'. It's doubtful that any Muslim slaves were allowed to remain Muslim. There were very few black Muslims in America until the nation of Islam was founded, and its members were sui generis converts.


Afrikan population in spain? Since reconquista to 1990 spanish population never saw black people except in the colonies. The slavery was only in first moment for Muslim untill their expulsion.


The British intentionally set fire to the Whitehouse in 1814; it was seriously damaged, but not destroyed. Whitehouse in 1814 after the fire. The Burning of Washington describes the background, the events, and the aftermath in detail. The restoration took several years. This book may provide the details you are looking for; but based on the records ...

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