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Why did America not know about Soviet espionage in manhattan project A lend lease expediter stationed in Montana named Major Jordan ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Racey_Jordan ) kept a journal documenting much of the material that was shipped to the USSR. It seems obvious that at the direction of the executive office the plans and material to make ...


1

Yes, the response was called "Nixon goes to China." (Republican) President Nixon was a "cold warrior," but he was always looking for a "reversal of alliances.' On the domestic front, he was hoping that the Republicans could "crack" and ultimately win the "solid" (and formerly Democratic) South, following Lyndon B. Johnson's institution of the Civil Rights ...


3

Common view certainly is that the US supported China. The mainstream press has just come out with a Chinese expose that has informed an undoubtedly surprised world that in 1969 the USSR wished to settle its historical score with China and launch a nuclear attack. The USSR merely wanted an assurance of U.S. neutrality. Far from the USA welcoming ...


9

There's a PHD thesis and book chapter, both by Elizabeth McGuire on this matter. Soviet reaction was mixed, confused and ambiguous. The Cultural Revolution contained deeply anti-Soviet elements, and accused them of revisionism and deviation from Marxism-Leninism, but it came at a very inopportune time for USSR, which hampered any clear, official response. ...


5

They usually called them "Maoists" and made comparisons to fascism. But overall I would say there was no extensive coverage of the events in the press and propaganda. The majority of the people just did not know anything about the events. The things were not reported as very much important in the USSR, they were covered more like something happening far ...


0

In the last 20 or so years of USSR Communism was the mandatory official propaganda that not many people believed in, but many people had to publicly affirm the belief, and nobody could openly express a doubt in, lest be subjected to severe repressions, up to commitment to a mental institution. The affirmation of the belief in Communism was the mandatory ...


2

In 1986 Gorbachev's speech on XXVII congress of the CPSU he still clearly assumes the Communism as the goal. May be not immediate, but the goal. The XXVIII congress in 1990 was already in the middle of USSR collapse. And the stenographic materials show that the notion of communism became somewhat debatable. Google translation of both sources should be ...


1

In Viktor Suvarov's book, The Liberators, he frames a story where he and other officer cadets are discussing Communism while cleaning out a high ranking Party man's cesspool. He frames it by saying at each party convention they promise that "True Communism is 20 years away"...every year, always 20 years ahead. His final line in that story is that in the ...


5

This source, a review of War for Oil by Dietrich Eichholtz suggests the Germans did get close enough, at least as far as bombing in and around Baku was concerned. It suggests that the Luftwaffe were ... ordered ... to begin bombing Soviet oil storage depots at Astrakhan, Saratov, and Kamyshin as well as the fields around Baku To find out whether this ...


0

The Western authorities on this are Robert Conquest (Harvest of Sorrow) and Timothy Snyder, already mentioned. Robert Conquest gives an estimate of 4 millions. Snyder is somewhat more conservative. But we will never know the exact number: the earliest census after this was forged, and those who did it exterminated.


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No one in the Soviet Union of that time could even dream that the Union will ever dissolve. "Sovereign Ukraine" was a fiction invented by Stalin to deceive the naive Westerners and to obtain an extra seat in UN. In 1944, the whole native Tartar Crimean population was deported (30%-40% lost their lives in the process). One had to populate the area, and this ...


3

The map below shows the situation. The maximum range for bombing is about 200 miles assuming you have a airbase with fuel, oil, aircraft, munitions, and mechanical supplies. The Volga is a very wide river with no bridge across it in 1942. The terrain in the area is marshy. The Germans never succeeded in completely interrupting traffic on the Volga because ...


3

Before WW2 The treaty you refer to was largely meaningless. Only the German propaganda machine was perverse enough to call the relationship it established an "alliance". After WW2 When Soviet Union started to enslave the Eastern Europe, the West woke up and agreed to a common defense. Soviet Union tried to strike at the weak link of the Western Aliance - ...


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Like most of the Western Allies, the French sent troops to fight the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War after WWI. The windows where any French government was friendly with any Russian government were fairly short.



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