Stalingrad (in Russian Сталинград), placed in Southern Russia (48°42′N 44°31′E), named after Josef Stalin between 1925-1961, was a Soviet industrial city. During the World War II one of the largest battles occurred in its neighborhood and the city itself, since August 23, 1942 to February 2, 1943, leading to total destruction of the city.
As both German and Soviet sides fought with gigantic fury, the losses on both sides are estimated to be 1 million each.
The battle ended with encirclement of Axis units by Soviet forces, making any assistance from other German forces impossible.
The battle was a turning point on the Eastern Front. The Germany never rebuilt losses and since then their withdrawal begun.
Questions marked stalingrad should refer both to the battle, and the city itself between 1925-1961.