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2

A typical example would be the colonization of America by European settlers, Spanish at the beginning, and other nations later. This is also a good example how a lot of sci-fi alien invasion stories (or youtube anti-European animation films) try to make a parallel and fail miserably: The meeting of the two cultures of different levels of technology didn't ...


1

Ethiopia? Although they had help from Russia et al, they successfully defended themselves against the Italians; Some using bows, arrows, and spears. They weren't so lucky during the second war. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_Ethiopia


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Your question is pretty much the theme song of the history of Western imperial expansion. Some places to look might be a general history of imperialism. Also a book I much enjoyed that deals with this topic is James Gump, "The Dust Rose Like Smoke: The Subjugation of the Zulu and the Sioux".


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The British conquest of Australia and subsequent genocide of the Tasmanians (still the only successful genocide in history, something for my country to be proud of there...) springs to mind as a good example. Or, on a more controversial note, the Western allies vs. Iraq in either of the Gulf wars. It's probably not the kind of thing you're thinking of but ...


4

I would consider the Mongol empire to be an example of this, depending on your definition of technology. Massed horseback archers using powerful composite bows wasn't anything that most opponents of the Mongols were ready for or knew how to handle. You could also make a similar case for the English longbow vs. the French cavalry at the battle of Agincourt


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The Anglo-Zulu war comes to mind, as does the related movie Zulu (from 1964).


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The Spanish invasion of the Aztec Empire, as you mentioned, is one of the best examples. I'd just like to to mention it again, because although the Aztecs eventually fell to the Spanish forces, it wasn't without a stiff fight - indeed, the Spanish probably would have never even gotten a foothold on the continent without some seriously roguish tactics such ...


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One such example that springs to mind is Japan and the "Black Ships". "Black Ships" was a term that applied to western ships arriving in Japan in the 16th and 19th Century. The Portuguese made first contact in 1593 with the establishment of a trade route between Goa and Nagasaki, this is where the term "Black Ships" is thought to originate as the hulls of ...


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The events leading to the Meiji restoration is a good example although less dramatic than the Conquista.


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If you prefer your Bible straight-up and neat, the that would be Tubal Cain, first artificer in metals (Genesis 4:22); if you prefer it with a grain of salt then take your pick from Imhotep (c. 2250 B.C.), Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (born c. 80-70 BC) or numerous others. Merriam-Webster Online gives the definition of Engineering as: 1: the activities or ...


2

There's just more scientists around today. Population has grown tremendously over the past 200 years. On top of that, our means, tools, and time available to spend on research has grown too. And much faster communication allows ideas to spread much faster, allowing other scientists to build on what you did immediately, rather than 10 years later. At the ...


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Larger population means that even if the percentage of people with the necessary skills and interests is the same, the total number of people with those skills and interests is much greater. Combined with the ever increasing base of scientific data on which to build (as pointed out by Andy) this causes an increase in the potential for scientific progress ...


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New technologies build on previous technologies, so technological growth is cumulative. The rate at which it is developed, and hence accumulated, depends upon the number of people who can work on producing new technologies. The number of people engaged depends on technologies that give a proportion of the population the time to do things that are not ...



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