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Srinivasa Ramanujan is a good candidate, based on your criterion of "their work has to be independently proven valid at a much later date." Ramanujan often chose not to prove his nearly 3,900 results, many of which were unconventional for the time. In the decades after his death in 1920, mathematicians would prove him correct again and again and again. Some ...


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Probably the best illustration of this particular concept is Friar Gregor Mendel. Around 1900 biologists Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns were performing experiments trying to suss out the nature of inheritance, and found they had repeatable results they could not explain, and that did not fit in at all with the prevailing theories. Knowing they'd be torn a ...


3

I had to do a lot of research into industrialization, and Bessemer, for my end of year project. How it relates to your question is that I found out that most machine equipment (along with military uses) needed steel in certain parts, which made those parts impractical for most of the 18th century. Luckily, the steam engine was invented, and then improved by ...


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Just an addition (or an extended comment) to other answers. I wouldn't say that people being conservative could not change time units quickly. They use time measurements everyday, it is more often than eg. measuring distances, however, people use money everyday also very often. Most money reforms (the largest are converting to euro in EU countries) takes at ...


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Why did decimal time fail? Rhetorical question: Why did the International Standards Organization's (ISO) Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) fail? The answer is that there wasn't a mess that desperately needed to be cleaned up. ISO was a bit late. An ad hoc standard was already maturing and taking over. You wrote your question, and I wrote this answer ...



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