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Sociaism (ie communism) never works, so the only way to keep people in the paradise is by brute force and pain of death (i.e. Berlin Wall) Don't be lulled by the falsehood of the socialist nirvana, look how Greece is paying the hard dues right now. Review China's new policy, everything can be construed as moves against the State. China's legislature has ...


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You could find a little example of Soviet Union directly now in North Korea. As you can see, it is totalitarian government that exactly a micro-copy of Soviet Union. Why does traveling denied for North Korea's citizen? Because there is War. Great Cold War with 80+ years of history. The same picture was in Soviet Union. Evil capitalist with CIA ( ...


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This is not directly answering your question, but you might consider the German partition during the Cold War. This is illustrative because the Germans initially had open borders. The GDR (East Germany) suffered a massive population and brain drain in the 50s and early 60s, with 3.5 million East Germans coming to the FRG (West Germany). The Communist ...


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Regarding question 2, it should be noted that before a voyage to another country a Soviet citizen had to undergo a scrutiny by local Party organs, ostensibly to ensure his or her strict moral values. Some KGB checks were surely performed as well, but those were hidden. Questions by Party (Komsomol for younger people, I guess) were, on the contrary, open, and ...


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The answer to 1, 2 is very simple. Soviet Union represented itself as a "communist paradise." The country where life was better than in capitalist countries. This was the main justification of communist power and social order. People traveling abroad could immediately see that this was not the case. When this became evident to sufficient number of people, ...


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As answered in comments, the authorities were afraid of their populations defecting en masse (as indeed happened when the borders were thrown open in the GDR and Hungary in the early 1990s, so their fears weren't unfounded) Yes, to a degree. Travel wasn't as easy by far as it was in the west, but it was possible. Yes, some. But those were mostly related to ...


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The main point is the difference between political and economical border. While political border didn't imply the economical border, there were usually no serious crossings in old times. On the other hand, any economical borders inside the political bodies immediately created the crossings with guards, checking and so on. At the first moment when a crossing ...



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