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27

This is because Americans were used to dealing in quarters at the time the denomination was chosen. During the colonial period, a common unit of currency was one eighths of a Spanish real de a ocho. Since each of these Spanish dollars were worth eight Spanish reales it was habitual to divide the eight-real coin into 12.5% wedges known as bits. Two of these ...


17

The "white plague" refers to tuberculosis. The incident, which captured the nation's imagination for one day, is described by this report from the Grizzly Bear Magazine, April 1914: 4000-MILE HIKE TO NATIONAL CAPITAL The Pacific Coast has done much to attract the attention of the world, but one of the most unique things that has been formulated ...


9

Yes. The perception in the Kennedy administration is that there was no alternative but to appoint pro-segregationist anti-civil rights district judges to most southern districts. Both Senators from the state in which a judge would serve must approve of the appointment before the full Senate even considers the appointment. Inevitably, then, district judges ...


8

There seem to be two major lines of reasoning here, both conjecture, because apparently Congress never explained itself. Arizona's state historian Thomas Edwin Farish wrote: For some reason, to this day unexplained, the greater portion of the land in this Arizona county [Pah Ute County] was ceded to the State of Nevada. The first line of reasoning ...


5

The Congress of the Confederation could "ascertain" and "appropriate" money from states or make "requisitions" on the States, as is stated in the Articles of Confederation: The United States in Congress assembled shall have authority . . . to ascertain the necessary sums of money to be raised for the service of the United States, and to appropriate ...


5

I don't know if there is a proven definitive answer to this, but let me propose an explanation from first principles. At the time that Labour Unions were organizing in North America, and lobbying for legal recognition, careers such as teamsters and longshoremen were largely selected from the recently immigrated communities of Italians, Irish, and East ...


4

It was very rare. OP specifically asks about Montgomery. The passengers OP mentions are the only other passengers who were arrested there before Parks, according to History.com, this NPR story, and every other source I can find. However, outside of Montgomery there were protestors arrested for not giving up their seats going back to at least Irene Morgan in ...


4

Yes, public opinion matches up with anti-miscegenation laws, except for along the Pacific Coast. First, let's look at a map of anti-miscegenation laws: So the northeast and north midwest had no such laws in the entire 20th century. The West mostly had these laws during the mid-20th century, but repealed them before the Loving decision in 1967. The entire ...


3

Good question - you have to dig past the superficial to understand, and I'm not fond of the way it is phrased, but the fundamental question is interesting. Here is one example: Having fought as a teenager in the French and Indian War, Robbins served in an Acton militia company at the end of the siege of Boston. Caesar Robbins became free during the war. ...


2

For the most part they borrowed the money. A lot of the money was borrowed from France and Holland who were both eager to make trouble for the British. For example, in June of 1787 John Adams borrowed 1 million guilders from Holland on behalf of the Congress. The congress also issued a lot of domestic debt, notably bonds they called "loan-office ...


2

There are several meanings for "white plague", but the only one I've found that makes sense in this context is as a synonym for Tuberculosis (and some similar diseases that make the afflicted pale). The first vaccine for TB was used on humans during Wilson's tenure, so quite likely that (or some competing remedy) is what they are referring to. Albert ...


2

The bulk of the work had already been completed during Teddy Roosevelt's term in office, with the creation of: 4 National Game preserves 5 National arks 18 National Monuments 24 Reclamation Projects 51 Federal Bird Preserves 150 National Forests; and 230 Million total acres set aside for the enjoyment of all Modern sensitivities may disagree with Teddy's ...


1

There were no public opinion polls, so obviously it is impossible to get an exact estimate. One good data source, then, is elections. The Liberty Party was supported by abolitionists with moral objections to slavery. (This is opposed to the Free Soil Party, which as OP has noted garnered support from those more concerned with white labor than black slaves.) ...


1

I originally thought it was because of best way to reduce number of coins needed before I read Semaphore's answer. I thought it was designed this way due to efficiency: for example at all values between 0 and 1 dollar that ends in 0 or 5 5 cent = 1 coin 10 cent = 1 coin 15 cent = 2 coins 20 cent = 2 coins (1 coin if using 5/10/20) 25 cent = 1 coin (2 ...


1

Here's a great map from the book German Seed in Texas Soil: Immigrant Farmers in Nineteenth-Century Texas by Terry Jordan: Page 33, visible on Google books, discusses this map in much greater detail.


1

On August 31, 1918, President Wilson wrote a letter to Rabbi Stephen Samuel Wise which referred to the Balfour Declaration and said in part: I welcome an opportunity to express the satisfaction I have felt in the progress of the Zionist movement in the United States... This letter was published a few days later, September 5th, 1918, in the New York ...


1

This is answer was written by a woman named Gwendolyn as a response to another article The Real Roots of Southern Cuisine from deepsouthmag.com. I thought it would serve the same purpose here...Jamillah Comments regarding the African contribution to southern cuisine are greatly lacking in substance, truth, and in a basic understanding that the enslaved ...


1

JimZipCode wrote a long and passionate answer which tries to debunk many of the other answers here and claim that the law was settled before the Confederate states seceded. He brings up some interesting points that should be debated. However, he also clearly goes too far. His choice of quotations is selective: I could just as easily come up with dozens of ...



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