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15

I think it's the badge of a Second Class Petty Officer of the US Navy with a specialty as a medic, or hospital apprentice, or related discipline. Link to image: And the article it is from: https://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/ref/Ranks&Rates/index.html Petty officer badges had downward pointing chevrons under the specialty badge, with the naval ...


14

That is the insignia for Pharmacist's Mate 2nd Class, a corpsman. The red cross in the middle distinguishes it from a Petty Officer 2nd Class. Pharmacist’s mates are petty officers who, under the direction of medical officers, administer medical assistance, treatment, and services to naval personnel. They may serve in the sick bay or dispensary of a ship ...


7

Prior to 1930 (1946), actually, the U.S. had claims in this area, through its possession of the Philippines. This is because the Philippines are one of 10 so-called ASEAN (Southeast Asian) nations. Even to this day, the U.S. has certain treaty rights in the Philippines. That is to say that the U.S. retains a defensive interest in Philippine affairs, even ...


5

In 1979, the American Civil Liberties Union reopened the Brown suit, asserting that the existence of 13 racially segregated schools on either side of Topeka Boulevard violated the 1954 High Court ruling. Signing on to the suit was Linda Brown Thompson, who was 11 when her father and other black parents brought the first Brown suit. After years of legal ...


3

This custom developed because it was always the custom of the British House of Commons, from which most legislative traditions of the United States ultimately derive. This custom also serves a functional purpose in the assembly: to maintain an illusion of (at least partial) impartiality on the part of the Speaker, as a means of enhancing his authority on ...


2

In theory, history should not enter into this. China signed the UNCLOS, which specifies exactly what their territorial rights are in that area. They clearly did so with enthusiasm, as they were one of the charter signers way back in 1982. If they didn't want to abide by that agreement, they shouldn't have promised to do so. The US (or history prior to 16 ...


2

Tom Au has offered a solid answer about the narrow view regarding colonial claims, but those are in 2016 mostly irrelevant. What is more relevant are claims, current and future, made under the current protocols for territorial waters of UN members and exclusive economic zones. This informs the rights to resources in seas and continental shelves. (ILOS is ...


2

The first president to graduate from a public university was James K. Polk, a graduate of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Source: Various Wikipedia articles.


2

The hispanic concept does not predate the 1980s. It was constructed in the 70s by bureacrats and activist groups and made official in 1980. Before then, people of Spanish speaking origin were various different nationality groups that were unrelated. They were classified by their nationality and their race. Most were considered white.


1

Facts seem to show so-called Polish jokes are mainly Jewish American gags about (imagined) Poles. For example, books by a Jewish "comic" Larry Wilde, gags in Hollywood films e.g. by Allen. The extreme vulgarity, including frequent references to feces, and contempt towards the Poles makes these "jokes" a case of hate propaganda against a national group.


1

Babson did call for a crash right before the 1929 crash, but he also called for a crash a year earlier. The Federal Reserve was very concerned about stock speculation and called for a restriction in call money lending by banks which was fueling the stock market bubble. However, Smiling Charlie, the President of First National Bank (Citi Bank) said he ...



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