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-1

German, Japanese and Italian fascism were certainly expansionist. But some other undeniably fascist states did not engage in external expansion, for example Spain (Franco), Portugal (Salazar), Haiti (Duvalier father and son), South Africa (under apartheid), Iran (Reza Shah and son), Syria (Asad), France (P├ętain) and some others I can think of.


1

Is external expansion and aggressive militarism a consistent element of fascist ideology? The answer is clearly yes if consistent means frequent, but seems to be no if consistent is assumed to mean systematic (seems to be because proving a negative is always quite hard). Fascist ideology is positively correlated with expansionism and aggressive ...


2

It's called the Spanish-American War because it was a war between the USA and Spain. While Cuba was part of it, a center of much of the action, the goal was to "liberate" the "oppressed" "natives" of the tattered remains of Spain's global empire from their "despotic" "masters". The proof in the pudding was Spain's behavior in Cuba. The United States had ...


5

Think of it this way. Contemporary to Mussolini and Hitler, every major European country had a "fascist" movement with a "national socialist" type ideology. Arrow Cross, Nasjonalsamling, Iron Guard, NSB, and so forth. All of them were variously "marked by obsessive preoccupation with community decline, humiliation, or victimhood and by compensatory cults of ...


3

Ideological fascism was probably compatible with the idea of conquest and expansion but without requiring it. Political fascism (the ideology as applied) probably required some attempts at expansion for more populist reasoning. The theorists, particularly the pre-1933 theorists, were more focused on the organization of society and the revitalization of the ...


-1

Italy in the 1930s was fascist yet not expansionist (the African colonies they'd owned since before the fascists took power). Nazi Germany wasn't technically fascist (though Nazism has elements of fascism, just as does communism, the three are closely related ideologies). So no, fascism doesn't dictate expansionism, which of course doesn't mean that a ...


2

Most of the Christian population were fairly non-militarised during the crusader period. SO generally they did not participate in military affairs. Exceptions being the Armenians and Maronites. Various Armenian Christians were allied withe the crusaders, the county of Edessa was some sort of mixed state, with a lot of intermarriage with the locals and ...


3

Despite the fact that World War 2 ended on the 15th August 1945 with the surrender of Japan, two belligerents are yet to sign a peace treaty to end the war. As of today neither Russia or Japan have officially signed a Peace Treaty to end the conflict between them. This stems from a territorial dispute over the Kuril Islands situated to the north of Japan, ...


3

As a matter of technicality, it's misleading to say the wars "are still going on" if there is no expectation of hostile action and no current violence. One current popular term is "frozen conflict." There are a number of frozen conflicts right now, where two or more parties have yet to declare peace or to otherwise accede to the outcome of a conflict or ...


1

Tons. The most obvious example is the Korean War, which is technically still in effect, although there's been a cease-fire for the last 60 years. Another rather famous example is the Arab-Israeli wars. Egypt signed a formal peace with Israel in the late 1970's. Jordan didn't officially bow out until 1994 - 20 years later. Most of the rest of the Arab states ...


1

By heraldics the shields for one figure designed to face to the enemy. So the figure was facing leftwards, and generally the shield was worn on the left hand. Try to imagine the concept, the shield's face facing out on the left hand, and the figure looks towards left, so towards the enemy. The case is different with more figures, that is more complex, but ...



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