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15

I think it's the badge of a Second Class Petty Officer of the US Navy with a specialty as a medic, or hospital apprentice, or related discipline. Link to image: And the article it is from: https://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/ref/Ranks&Rates/index.html Petty officer badges had downward pointing chevrons under the specialty badge, with the naval ...


14

That is the insignia for Pharmacist's Mate 2nd Class, a corpsman. The red cross in the middle distinguishes it from a Petty Officer 2nd Class. Pharmacist’s mates are petty officers who, under the direction of medical officers, administer medical assistance, treatment, and services to naval personnel. They may serve in the sick bay or dispensary of a ship ...


8

In fact the creation of the NHS didn't have a significant influence on the national debt. This is mostly because the NHS wasn't created from scratch (with thanks to Steve Bird). There were already existing (& publicly funded) institutions and entities (with regards to welfare,healthcare,...). These were merged and augmented to form the first NHS. ...


7

The biggest factor was the scale of pilot training. The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan appears to have trained around 110,000 pilots and claimed to have produced a surplus that caused the program to start scaling back in 1944 (RAF Museum link below). I can’t find exact figures on the American pilot training programs but I assume it dwarfed the ...


6

In general no, though specific exceptions have existed, and continue to exist, in the Law of War code adopted by the U.S. Army. Through much of its history the U.S. Army has been regulated by the Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field (Lieber Code). 24 April 1863.. The current U.S. Army Rules War still exhibit much of ...


5

Osborne, as well as many others at the time, was a believer that Eugenics would lead to a better world for all. Eugenics had become a popular subject well before Hitler twisted it to his goals. Eugenics was widely accepted in the U.S. academic community.[7] By 1928 there were 376 separate university courses in some of the United States' leading ...


5

From the book, Before the Fallout: From Marie Curie to Hiroshima there is this comment: Bohr urged Frisch to write a paper with Lise Meitner as soon as possible and promised to say nothing until it was published. By dint of long-distance telephone calls, aunt and nephew drafted a short note to the editor of the British journal Nature, describing ...


4

http://www.zdnet.com/article/the-wwii-german-army-was-80-horse-drawn-business-lessons-from-history/ Up until 1943 the Wermacht was only 20% motorized. However, this understates the importance of mechanized transport. Consider that a significant fraction of forces were held back for defending and occupying territory, and you'll see that the percentage of ...


4

It's probably alcohol, with tobacco (nicotine) and caffeine at distant second and third. These drugs don't directly enhance performance, but are great at maintaining morale. In the case of alcohol, although it impairs performance and is easily abused, can also increase courage - see the term Dutch Courage. Many historical militaries also practiced a "last ...


3

The direct precursor to the NHS was the Emergency Hospital Service. It is important to understand that the UK's preparations for war included requisitioning basically every piece of infrastructure and productive capability in the country. Part of this was preparing for mass civilian casualties from air raids and possible invasion; in the end this was not as ...


3

The 2011 TV documentary by Radio Berlin-Brandenburg "Das preussische Gestüt, Neustadt/Dosse" (The Prussian Stud in Neustadt on the Dosse) about one of the oldest still existing main breeding studs and riding schools in Germany has a segment on horses during WW2: Ab 1937 bestimmen die Kriegsvorbereitungen auch die Zucht in Neustadt/Dosse. [Zitat] ...


2

He was basically an expansionist dictator wishing to create his own independent empire around the Mediterranean (a supposed re-edition of the Roman Empire); when France and the UK protested his invasion of Ethiopia he switched sides and entered the Pact of Steel with Hitler. Once WWII began and it became evident that France was doomed, Italy profited from ...


2

The Germans were enormously outnumbered. They were fighting an opponent with over ten times more oil production. At the time, the US was the largest oil producer in the world. Furthermore, the Allies were the ones focusing on strategic bombing. Germany didn't invest as much resources in air defense because it had a land war in the East going on which was ...


2

This relates to the so-called Heartland Theory by people like Britain's HJ MacKinder. Whoever controls East Europe dominates the "Heartland" (which also includes Germany and Russia) of World Island (the Eurasian land mass). Whoever controls the Heartland dominates World Island. And whoever controls World Island dominates the world. Therefore, any forceful ...


1

About shooting a German soldier because he is wearing a US uniform coat. In the American Civil War many rebel soldiers acquired US uniform coats, jackets, etc. from dead or captured US soldiers, and dyed them gray or butternut if they had time. And lots of those rebels were later captured without many illegal executions of those wearing clothing of Union ...


1

The natural drug epinephrine (adrenaline).


1

Greatest intelligence success of World War 2 was achieving the element of surprise against the Red Army. The Admiral Canaris was anti-Communist in the extreme...but anti Nazi too. I think diplomatic negotiations between the 3rd Reich and Britain occurred at the highest of levels...but the near totality of these discussions remain classified in the English ...


1

http://www.cs.mcgill.ca/~rwest/link-suggestion/wpcd_2008-09_augmented/wp/a/Anschluss.htm Austria ceased to exist as a fully independent nation until late 1945. A Provisional Austrian Government was set up on April 27, 1945 and was legally recognized by the Allies in the following months, but it was not until 1955 that Austria regained full sovereignty.


1

Mussolini's view Mussolini had a false belief that demography had something to do with nation's powers. Seeing declining birth rates in France and Britain having one quarter of his population above 50, Mussolini believed that these empires were doomed to fall. Mussolini saw international relations as a struggle between "virile" nations with high birth ...


1

Answer to this question is same with the answer of the question "Why Allies doesn't have fighter aces scoring as high as Germans?" National policies. German pilots tended to return to the cockpit over and over again until they were killed, while very successful Allied pilots were routinely rotated back to training bases to educate cadet flyers.


1

In this first paragraph I will discuss what occurred at Hiroshima, in the second paragraph I will discuss what occurred at Nagasaki. At Hiroshima, relief efforts began immediately after the bombing in an unorganized manner, but by the next day they had become organized. A joint public-private meeting was held at 10 AM, the day after the bombing where it was ...



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