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In France they called it "The Great War" (La Grande Guerre), pacifist veterans called it "La der' des der'" (The Last of the Last (Wars)). In England it was called the World War, or the Great War. I think the German diplomats were the first to call it a World War (Weltkrieg), before it even began. I don't know of any other names for it in German. i know ...


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I would say that the fundamental cause of World War I was the "Serbian" crisis, of which the Bosnian crisis and the assassination of the Archduke were merely "manifestations." Austria's response to the assassination of the Archduke was the so-called July Ultimatum. Briefly its terms included that Serbia fire a list of government officials, suppress books ...


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After Congress of Berlin Bosnia and Herzegovina was occupied by Austro-Hungary, but still was formally part of Ottoman Empire. As Montenegro and Serbia wanted to incorporate that Ottoman province together, they were dissapointed with that decision and as only consolation they got international recognition and Niš was annexed to Serbia. Regardless to ...


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According to "Birth of a Legend. The Bomber Mafia and the Y1B-17" by Capt Arthur H. Wagner, USCG(ret.) and Lt Col Leon E. Braxt, a Bulgarian Air Force pilot suggested the use of aircraft for bombing during the First Balkan War in 1912. Subsequently, Captain Simeon Petrov developed the idea and created a number of prototypes. After a number of iterations the ...


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Italian fears of France were quite justified. From the end of the fifteenth century to the formation of the Italian state in 1861, France had either invaded Italy or intervened as an ally with a hefty price no less than a dozen times. In each and every instance did the French emerge easily victorious, so it had become apparent by the start of the twentieth ...


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In WWII, with better targeting equipment, bombs dropped on Japan from high altitude by B-29s generally missed their targets because of erratic winds. General Curtis LeMay took over command of the Pacific bombing forces and ordered the bombers to come in lower to correct the problem. See http://www.usaaf.net/ww2/hittinghome/hittinghomepg9.htm


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This is not really a history question, but anyway... I presume we are talking about shells here, not bombs. You may want to read "High Explosive Shells" By Percy E. Barbour, E. A. Suverkrop (1915) which you can find on Google Books. Shells can (and did) have dual fuzes so that the shell would explode if it hit something before timer expired. There are many ...



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