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The standard Japanese defense plan was in place for opposing Olympic. While the bunkers might not have the complexity of Iwo Jima's due to different geology on Kyushu, they would have been tough enough. The two aspects that were being explored that were unique to this invasion was the planning to deploy small Tokko boats (Kamikaze boats with explosives) to ...


2

The Italian campaign, while it diverted German troops from the Russian front, also diverted landing craft, troops and other resources from the Allied buildup to invade France, delaying that event into 1944. As an earlier post noted, when the Allies did invade France from the south, they inflicted substantial casualties on the Germans at a far lower cost than ...


1

Germany failed to achieve air and naval superiority over the English Channel, which meant that they could not launch a land invasion (Operation Sea Lion). This left both sides in a stalemate. Hitler had been planning to invade the Soviet Union anyway, so with the British seemingly contained the Wehrmacht was free to launch its invasion of the Soviet Union. ...


0

technically, D-day WAS plan B. The invasion plans called for the invasion to happen on 5 June, not 6 June, but were postponed because of bad weather. Had it failed that day (I think the 7th was also an option), a wait of at least a month was have been called for to get the correct conditions again, and that was considered to be too long to remain operational ...


3

When Operation Overlord began, the Allies had already been fighting in Italy for some time; Rome was taken on June 4th, 1944, two days before D-Day. Thus, "plan B" was already ongoing. Invasion of southern France was also planned, and it happened on August 15th. From a global strategic point of view, Germany was already losing on the Eastern front; in June ...


5

Economic reasons After Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 most of the countries of Central and South America cooled relations with Axis countries. Following the cooling of relations, most countries of Central and South America released that they are now dependent on the United States for trade. Needs of the USA during the war disrupted ...


2

The honest answer is: UN membership, i.e., a spot at the post-war negotiating table. With the US entering the war, it became extremely unlikely that the Axis would win outright (with a marginal possibility of a stalemate), so a war declaration on Axis was a cheap gesture which ensured UN membership while not carrying much risk. The other reasons are ...


-1

There may have been enough material for more bombs, but Truman allegedly wanted SIX more to 'bomb our way to Tokyo'. Doubtful if they had enough material for more than another one or two. The point was several bombs in rapid succession to shock the japs and make it seem like we had more than we did and push the japs into surrender. It worked. As far as 'two ...


2

The RAF, as a general rule, conducted all of their bombing operations against Germany at night. Escorts were not really necessary under these conditions and probably would have been more of a liability than any protection. The USAAF believed that they could conduct precision daylight bombing and executed their operations against Germany during the day. The ...


6

Most bombing by both the RAF and USAAF was partially or fully unescorted. Early in the war, virtually all long-distance bombing raids took place at night to avoid the possibility of interception. The Germans used searchlights and AA guns to try to combat this. Later in the war they developed night fighters. The United States eventually perfected daytime, ...


1

This is not a complete answer, but it's too lengthy for a comment. Did the US indeed expect that the explosion will destroy just one factory rather than the entire city? No, they intended to destroy the whole cities. The idea was to make an overwhelming show of force in order to accelerate a Japanese surrender and convince the Japanese to surrender ...


-1

It's scary to think if Hitler did not attack USSR and continued to join forces with USSR, Japan and Italy and all four attacked Britain and US, I think Hitler and Stalin would have won together and conqured the world. Scary thought.



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