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Jun
20
reviewed Approve Did Joseph Stalin kill anyone personally?
Jun
20
comment What was Libya's form of direct democracy (Jamahiria) like in practice?
@EugeneSeidel Amicus Eugene, sed magis amica veritas: there is no contradiction in the passage, because the elected representatives would just pass the results of the local voting. In representative democracies instead it is the representative himself that decides how to vote, according to his own judgement.
Jun
20
revised What right/legitimacy did Normans have to a kingdom in Southern Italy?
edited tags
Jun
19
comment What right/legitimacy did Normans have to a kingdom in Southern Italy?
@FelixGoldberg By the way, my initial reference about Henry III's plan to use the Normans against Byzantium is based on Runciman's work. Admittedly he mentions this fact only briefly, the focus of his book being elsewhere.
Jun
19
comment What right/legitimacy did Normans have to a kingdom in Southern Italy?
@FelixGoldberg I agree with your reconstruction. Our opinions diverge - I think - in that when they started establishing themselves (rather than serving as mercenaries) they had some sort of legal acknowledgment from the Emperor and Pope. The very Ranulf received multiple acknowledgments from Conrad II.
Jun
19
revised What right/legitimacy did Normans have to a kingdom in Southern Italy?
Not much time at the moment, so the answer is taking shape sloooowly :)
Jun
19
comment What right/legitimacy did Normans have to a kingdom in Southern Italy?
@FelixGoldberg Dear Felix, please have a look at my "answer" below. Although it is only tentative, it suggests that things might have been different. Best
Jun
18
comment How did the Roman state verify citizenship?
I would upvote this, if you could formulate an exhaustive answer (citing references).
Jun
18
comment What right/legitimacy did Normans have to a kingdom in Southern Italy?
-1 Because, according to my sources, this is partially incorrect. I'm obviously open to discussion, cheers
Jun
17
answered What right/legitimacy did Normans have to a kingdom in Southern Italy?
Jun
14
comment Where was the furthest extent of Arabian trade explorations?
By the way, traveling as far east as Khanbalik (=Beijing) was already possible Eastern Christians in the Middle Ages, who knew China as "Tzinitza". In fact, it was a Christian Bishop that helped translating the Buddhist sacred texts into Chinese.
Jun
14
comment Where was the furthest extent of Arabian trade explorations?
Hi Frederic, I am sure that you can find some useful references for Arabic travelers in Eastern Africa, i.e. Somalia, Kenya and South as far as Zanzibar and Madagascar (at least). I have remembrance of reading about Arabic merchant trading with these people when I studied Hanno the Navigator. +1 Anyways
Jun
12
comment What did Mesopotamian beehives look like?
By the way, if you are interested in beekeeping, there is a dedicated stackexchange in development: area51.stackexchange.com/proposals/48193/bees-and-beekeeping
Jun
12
answered What did Mesopotamian beehives look like?
Jun
12
revised Are there any Vandal or Goth relics or monuments in Rome?
added 702 characters in body
Jun
12
revised When and why was Seleucia ultimately abandoned?
I think a missed half a sentence in the conclusion.
Jun
12
answered Are there any Vandal or Goth relics or monuments in Rome?
Jun
11
comment What right/legitimacy did Normans have to a kingdom in Southern Italy?
@Carlo_R. As Felix Goldberg suggested I would seriously try and edit away the "geopolitical interest". Geopolitics, even though we can rightfully argue that it always existed, became a political doctrine only in the XIX century.
Jun
11
asked When and why was Seleucia ultimately abandoned?
Jun
9
awarded  Nice Answer