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6h
comment Did North African countries have a police in the 18th/19th Century?
Hi, look e.g. at ottoman-uniforms.com/ottoman-police-1840-to-1918 - BTW in Los Angeles, they didn't think that the Ottoman Police was good see cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=LAH18951103.2.84
22h
comment Did North African countries have a police in the 18th/19th Century?
You may get different results for different countries etc. For example, Libya was in the Ottoman Empire before it became Italian in the 1920s. In the Ottoman Empire,there was first police in 1845. It could spread to other places of the empire soon.
2d
comment What progress, compared to the Americans, did the Germans make on constructing a nuclear weapon during WW2?
See en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_nuclear_weapon_project for some non-conspiracy facts about the project. I would emphasize that Heisenberg, a top German theorist who could have known better, incorrectly estimated that one needed much more uranium,perhaps a ton, for a bomb, and that contributed to their skepticism about the feasibility of the concept. They weren't anywhere close to the bomb.
Jan
30
comment Origin of left and right-hand road traffic rules, respectively
@LateralFractal - you should read the fun stories about the 1939 transition in Czech and Slovak lands, see e.g. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/… - To make the story short, the transition to the right was promised for long years etc. but when Hitler occupied the country, it was simply done overnight. It's hard to hide that a big portion of Czechs uses this as an example how things should be done. ;-)
Jan
27
comment Why did the Turks adopt the Latin alphabet after WWI?
Alex, I upvoted your comment and I believe that the negative responses are inadequate. Atatürk primarily wanted to modernize the country and get rid of ineffective things, and whether some people want to deny it or not, the Arabic script is highly ineffective relatively to the Latin (or, to a lesser extent, Cyrillic or Greek) script. The density of information is poor, high accuracy in writing is often required, and today with computers and keyboards etc., it's even harder. One doesn't have to see dirty egotist political interests behind every decision.
Jan
26
comment Did the passage from Latin to English, in England, help science flourish?
Dear @ahmed, most of the people in your country struggle with French - but most of the people in your country also have virtually zero chance to contribute to science. The point is that there is a very strong correlation between one's ability to learn things like the "de facto lingua franca of current science" and "science" itself. It's true in your country - and it was also true in England. Newton was not obsessed with humanities in any way but he still knew Latin to write his texts in it. When folks who'll be scientists need to study texts, they simply learn whatever language they need.
Jan
23
revised What did the Romans call black people (sub-Saharan)?
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Jan
23
revised What did the Romans call black people (sub-Saharan)?
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Jan
23
answered What did the Romans call black people (sub-Saharan)?
Dec
25
comment What were Hitler's religious beliefs?
Dear iain, it appears in Kevin Coogan, "The Mysterious Achmed Huber: Friend of Hitler, Allah...and Bin Laden?" where you might get more details.
Dec
24
comment What were Hitler's religious beliefs?
Hitler has said that Islam was the only religion he was willing to respect: "The only religion I respect is Islam. The only prophet I admire is the Prophet Muhammad." - He despised the perceived weakness of Christianity and was inspired by the aggressiveness of Islam. At the end, this basic sentiment is also the reason why the Nazi attitude towards the Jews was virtually identical to the current jihadist attitude.
Dec
23
comment Who was the richest person in the world at the start and end of WW2?
I am pretty sure that it doesn't matter as non-Americans couldn't compete 70 years ago.
Nov
30
awarded  Yearling
Nov
30
revised How was the Czech sudetenland repopulated by Czechs?
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Nov
30
revised How was the Czech sudetenland repopulated by Czechs?
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Nov
30
revised How was the Czech sudetenland repopulated by Czechs?
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Nov
30
revised How was the Czech sudetenland repopulated by Czechs?
added 315 characters in body
Nov
30
answered How was the Czech sudetenland repopulated by Czechs?
Nov
3
comment What was the dominant Soviet strategy for invading Germany in the 1980's?
Try e.g. this link zpravy.idnes.cz/… - The article from 2011 was titled "Czechs were supposed to bleed in a war, cities expected a nuclear massacre" - there are some maps of the planned invasion of Southwestern Germany- some 1/3 of West Germany, ambitious enough - by the Czechoslovak People's Army. East Germany was supposed to similarly capture the North of Western Germany etc. Most contemporary Czech experts claim that by this plan, the Czech army would be totally destroyed.
Nov
3
comment What is the origin of Friedensreich Hundertwasser's surname?
LOL, Freud wasn't born in the "Czech Republic". There was no republic on that territory. He was born in Freiberg in Mähren, Moravia, Austria-Hungary. After many events, this town is called Příbor and located in the Czech Republic. But the point is that the Czech and Slovak convention is to use the adjective "Austrian" for all citizens of Austria-Hungary whose native tongue was German - even for those who lived in the Czech lands or Slovakia in their whole life.