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May
2
comment What was the Julian Calendar aligned to?
Thanks again. This seems to point in the right direction, and is becoming my preferred theory thus far. However, as Roger Pearse notes in his answer, could you point to a source where Cicero or Ovid make references to this alignment (either to Hilaria or possibly to Brumalia).
May
1
comment What was the Julian Calendar aligned to?
Thanks for your answer! It makes a lot of sense. Just a few questions: on this source 25th of March is stated as a.d.VIII.Kal.Apr. but you have it as VI, which one is correct? And, again the big question, why this date in particular? What was special about it at the time? Also would be glad if you could provide some sources or references!
Feb
6
comment What was the Julian Calendar aligned to?
Nice, great! Thanks a lot for the additional info. I've edited the answer accordingly.
Feb
5
comment What was the Julian Calendar aligned to?
Sure I agree about the phases of the moon, and they knew that sync with the moon was going to be lost. My “guess” is about the fact that maybe they tried to start the new calendar with the 15th of March on a full moon and, thus, 1st of January was as a consequence fixed to some arbitrary point. / This is probably the crux of my question, to which I haven't yet found a satisfactory answer: how was the “correct” start of the year determined?
Jan
3
comment What was the Julian Calendar aligned to?
Yes, but the question is why they aligned these astronomical events to the (seemingly) arbitrary date of December 25th?