364 reputation
29
bio website
location Romania
age 29
visits member for 1 year, 2 months
seen 9 hours ago


Apr
4
comment Last death caused by World War I
If we go all the way back, the one responsible for everything is either Adam who bit into that strange piece of fruit, or that strange ape who decided to climb down from the tree.
Mar
17
comment Did the Tamil People discover that the earth was round 2000 years ago?
To complete the story: before Newton (late 17th century) a spherical Earth and a geocentric world were the best way to explain why objects have weight: "the Earth is a sphere sitting in the middle of the Universe, and all matter has a fundamental property to be attracted towards the center of the world." Actually, before Newton, this was the best "proof" against the heliocentric model, as it could not provide an explanation for gravity. So while heliocentrism was a fundamentally new view only appearing fairly recently (less than 500 years ago), the spherical Earth is known since ancient times.
Mar
7
comment What is the evidence to claim that political order in ancient Rome was sufficiently different under “kingdom”, “republic” and “empire”?
The change from Kingdom to Republic was not as subtle, as it happened via a revolution, and ended in the exile of the ruling dynasty. It even led to a series of wars (one of them nearly destroyed Rome) when the exiled rulers, the Tarquinii, tried to return to power by inciting neighboring cities (and the Gauls) to attack Rome.
Mar
6
comment Which nation on Earth has been under foreign rule the longest?
@LennartRegebro : same for Transylvania. It sounds quite silly to name 1003-1526 as "foreign rule". With the same logic, one could say "1920-today" as "foreign rule" if looked at it from the other side. Besides, Transylvania was not a nation in the Middle Ages. It actually became one for some time in the 16th and 17t centuries.
Mar
5
comment Is every major culture in the same year?
Also, let's not forget that it's quite practical, and handles the leap seconds much better than more ancient calendars, which are used only or mostly in religious contexts (like the Jewish one)
Feb
19
comment What went on during multi-year sieges?
Remember, that if the attackers have months to throw rocks at the walls, the defenders also have months to repair the damages.
Jan
24
comment How did Europeans first acquire gunpowder?
It would still be interesting to see why it's the Europeans who developed it further. All the previous users of gunpowder had it as just something to slightly spice up the battle, it's the Europeans who made it into the main force of warfare.
Dec
13
comment Why were there no religious wars in Poland?
The case of the (then independent) Transylvania was very similar. It had one of the first proclamations of religious freedom, and in fact had good ties with Poland (they even shared a ruler at one point, elected by both countries)
Oct
21
comment When, where and with what propagation through Europe did the idea of gypsies stealing children occur?
Labeling this question as propaganda is, in itself, a propaganda. We should look after the social, economic, and historical causes in all seriousness, and not hold idle rants about who is prejudicial against who.
Mar
24
comment How did commoners in late medieval to early modern Europe learn to read?
@FelixGoldberg : There was a time, before the Reformation, when all or almost all peasants were illiterate. I don't think anyone contests this. Then there was a time period I don't know exactly when, when a lot of peasants (even if not all) were literate. (I think somewhere around the 18th - early 19th century, depending on the region). Now, between those two time periods, there had to be a time when some (even if just a few) peasants started to learn to read. So when was it, and who was teaching them?
Mar
24
comment How did commoners in late medieval to early modern Europe learn to read?
@FelixGoldberg: yes, but when? I know that before the Reformation no (or almost no) peasants could read and write, and even after that a lot could not read or write, but literacy still increased in that time period for the case of peasants, even if only by a very small margin. The question is: who was teaching them?
Mar
24
comment How did commoners in late medieval to early modern Europe learn to read?
All this I know, but the question is, who was teaching the lower classes to read in the period before the introduction of modern schools. While craftsmen were not among the poorest of the poor, there was no reason for them to go to schools in the middle ages, as only those who wanted to become priests did go to school. I'm interested in lower education (just the basics to read and write for peasants), not about the higher education (theology, philosophy, etc.).
Jan
22
comment Why didn't mercenary combat after the middle ages lead to the collapse of the ruling class?
for your update: While mercenary captains weren't commoners, they usually were not that high on the social ladder to become rulers just by inheritance.
Jan
21
comment What Were the Types of Sieges?
Let's not forget that many sieges were a combination of the two. The attacking army would bombard the castle for weeks or even months, so they could make a much more successful assault against a castle where the walls are damaged and the defenders have suffered casualties.
Jan
21
comment How did people receive news before the advent of the newspaper?
I would also add markets, especially in rural areas. Traveling merchants would bring the news from cities to the countryside.
Jan
21
comment Republican thought in the Middle Ages
In fact, there were republics in the Middle Ages, for example a number of Italian city-states.