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21h
comment How can I find the most complete list of the names of Kaytn Massacre victims?
You can try searching by Polish term "lista zamordowanych w Katyniu" or "pomordowanych" instead of "zamordowanych" (both words mean "murdered", however "pomordowanych" is more common in this context - the difference is that "pomordowanych" is referring rather to a mass kill). I did this query, however other pages lead to first three sources. If possible, try finding paper sources
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answered How can I find the most complete list of the names of Kaytn Massacre victims?
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accepted How do historians treat gossip?
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comment Could a ruler demand a homage from an independent prince?
@ALANWARD Thanks - sources are welcome. The war between Poland and Mazovia is very poorly known, even in Poland. I'd wish to know if somebody (eg. in France, England, Germany) tried this as well and was removed from the society.
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comment Could a ruler demand a homage from an independent prince?
I think this comment would be perfect as an answer: "he could not, because there were no legal means or he would risk death without confession, excommunication, rebellion or something". Some sources (or even examples of unsuccessful attempts) would be welcome.
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comment Could a ruler demand a homage from an independent prince?
I read a bit more about this war and the Mazovian prince Wacław did give homage to the Polish king, however not Władysław Łokietek, but to John of Luxemburg. Also, later the other two princes were forced (however, I don't know by what means) to give homage (and some lands) to Łokietek's son, the next Polish king, Casimir III the Great.
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comment Could a ruler demand a homage from an independent prince?
@Semaphore and I don't ask about the land demand, but the demanding of homage. For example, in more modern times mafia demands from a restaurant owner tribute for "protection" - this is now illegal. Was the demanding of vassalage also illegal (or at least, a dishonour)?
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comment How do historians treat gossip?
Well yes... but let's say (for an example) there is a gossip of the pope Joan. If it were true, this would be very important fact in history, saying also other things about people of that time (eg. it was easy to cheat like this way, which would lead to a conclusion, this could have happened more times). But now we can't prove it - it's a legend, or gossip, what should historians do? Ignore? Fight? Investigate? Copy with an annotation it is a gossip, but risking that a reader will not remember correctly and believe?
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comment Could a ruler demand a homage from an independent prince?
Also, the background is that in 12th century Poland has been divided in many pieces (like eg. Germany). Władysław Łokietek was the one who united the country - he was able to join Greater and Lesser Poland (and some minor Silesia lands). Masovia was a Polish speaking country, but in 13th century became independent from Polish kings.
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comment Could a ruler demand a homage from an independent prince?
The sense is (a). Łokietek was a Polish king, while Masovian rulers were independent. The king demanded the princes the act of homage, so they would become his vassals, having in fact no other excuse than common language. The king wanted to make them his vassals and he stated the demand I have cited, after they refused, he began a military action. In the question there is no lord-vassal conflict, this is a strong ruler-weak ruler conflict. So thank you for your answer, but I am afraid it is not relevant in this context.
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comment Could a ruler demand a homage from an independent prince?
The question is different, but similar, here there is a ruler, a king, who wants to have a vassal, a prince (or duke - in my language both princeps and dux have the same word). The prince is not his vassal at the moment. Also note that Teutonic Order was quite powerful ally that times (also politically), so in my opinion Łokietek was risking at least a conflict with the Pope, maybe other independent rulers (eg. Transylvania) etc. So this is why the question is asked.
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comment Could a ruler demand a homage from an independent prince?
@Semaphore I know anyone can. I also can kill you, but in that case somebody will try to catch me, police come, in some countries I will be killed too by the law, if not, I will end in prison, losing my family, friends, job etc. Also, one can imagine that a lord demands lands of his vassal. Yes, he can, maybe e has enough power to take it, but probably other vassals meet in secret and try to prepare in case the lord demands lands from other one. So a lord could not demand lands from his vassal, because he made himself a risk of mutiny.
Jul
27
comment Could a ruler demand a homage from an independent prince?
OK, but the question is if one could demand homage from another. By "could" I understand "was it allowed or acceptable by the Pope/Emperor/King/God/other lords/common people"
Jul
27
asked Could a ruler demand a homage from an independent prince?
Jul
24
awarded  Necromancer
Jul
10
comment Was Tibet ruled by Yuan Dynasty empires?
I think if the OP would "waste" an hour of searching, they would find all necessary information
Jul
6
comment Origin of the idea of a series of books
So I agree this is not (as a whole) "idea of a series of books" (OP's words) in modern way, but in my opinion at least Torah and other historical books are a series, the question might be "When people begun to treat Bible as a book series?"
Jul
6
comment Origin of the idea of a series of books
@Jozomby I know all of this, and it does not say that Bible is not ok to the question. For example, both Luke gospel and Act of Apostles were letters, not books at first. I understand that this do not follow all modern rules of book series, but what is valid, that "Moses" has written first part, then somebody has written Joshua, as a continuation. I understand that authors could have not in mind this would be "a book series" (maybe they even expected that this is going to be the only book in the world, because it shows the Truth, the only Truth, so other books weren't necessary).
Jul
6
comment How did this 900AD key work?
I think it has cuts - on the right side. Of course only outer edges are touching the mechanism
Jul
3
awarded  Vox Populi