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May
2
revised What was the status of Arab Christians during the crusades?
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May
2
revised What was the response of the general Iranian public to the modernization policies of Reza Shah?
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May
2
comment Why Europe became more developed although metal was first discovered and used in Asia/Africa?
Related question: history.stackexchange.com/questions/651/…
May
2
revised
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May
1
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May
1
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May
1
revised What can be considered to be the single most important reason for the decline of muslim Golden Age?
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May
1
revised Why did the US drop nuclear bombs on a weakened Japan?
Added relevant tags, made the title more specific, and fixed several grammatical errors
May
1
answered Why did the US drop nuclear bombs on a weakened Japan?
Apr
30
comment When did navies stop giving out a drink ration to their sailors?
The Wikipedia entry on Grog appears to be pretty credible (I haven't fully checked out the sources though). The article concurs with mgb's assessment that the main reason for instituting the drink ration was to better keep stagnant water fresh and algae free. The interesting thing about the article is the suggestion that temperance movements had some roll in curbing and eventually ending the practice. Also apparently the US merchant marine avoided drink rations entirely. It is possible that by the late nineteenth century methods of storing water improved thus relying less on alcohol.
Apr
30
accepted What Was the State of German Tank Design In Between the World Wars?
Apr
29
answered What can be considered to be the single most important reason for the decline of muslim Golden Age?
Apr
29
comment What can be considered to be the single most important reason for the decline of muslim Golden Age?
@jfrankcarr The point is that the Abbasid caliphate was already well into its decline. Prior to the siege the caliph had already been a figurehead for Mamluk and Turkic warlords for well over a century. The siege was not the reason for the decline, but rather an accelerating factor.
Apr
29
asked What Was the State of German Tank Design In Between the World Wars?
Apr
29
comment How Successful Were the International Brigades?
Another unfortunate circumstance for Republican Spain was in the fact that their most important ally (the Soviet Union) was only half heartedly supporting them. From "The Battle for Spain" by Antony Beevor, "Hitler evidently did not realize that Stalin was afraid of provoking him and that he was unwilling to let Spanish affairs embarrass Soviet foreign policy".
Apr
28
accepted How Successful Were the International Brigades?
Apr
28
answered How Successful Were the International Brigades?
Apr
27
comment What can be considered to be the single most important reason for the decline of muslim Golden Age?
I don't think this answer is entirely correct. From my understanding the decline was already underway prior to the Mongol invasion. There was a great deal of internal strife between various actors, such as the Shia Muslims and the Mamluks. The way I see it the initial conquest and development of the Muslim empire was due to a powerful uniting force of Islam and a credible leadership in the "rightly guided caliphs". Over time the authority of the caliphs was weakened due to the distance from Muhammad and the development of regional power centers and movements to fill the vacuum.
Apr
27
comment Tolstoy's view of history
@Shahab, I agree with T.E.D. here. A large part of communist/socialist theory on history derives from the doctrine of historical materialism. While I think many modern proponents of HM would disagree with the Soviet assertion that individuals play no roll in shaping events, I think the counter argument would be that individuals are themselves shaped by larger impersonal forces that keep them from being "independent actors". The beliefs and actions of Napoleon are thus reflective less of "Napoleon" and more of the environment that derived Napoleon.
Apr
25
comment What do the modern Japanese people think about the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
My understanding is that the Japanese citizenry (not just Okinawans) are much less tolerant of the American military presence than the government, but not necessarily anti-American per se. There were large scale demonstrations throughout the 1950's and 60's against the US presence and again following the rape of a Japanese school girl in the late 90's by American soldiers. In general though, the Japanese are in large part avid consumers of certain American cultural exports and seem to have put the war time animosity behind them.