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Apr
4
comment Which came first, the shield or the sword?
@RazieMah - Sorry, I meant cultures contemporaneous to modern scholars. You cannot infer from modern-era (after 1492) Aboriginal culture when shields were introduced - you need reliably dated art depicting shields, written records of shields by contemporary writers, or reliably dated artifacts.
Apr
3
comment Which came first, the shield or the sword?
@RazieMah - To be honest, that's my issue with your answer. Contemporary cultures that seem "primitive" are not good indicators of the technology used in pre-history. Artifacts and contemporary records (in depictions or written) are the only evidence of the existence of a certain technology at a certain time.
Apr
3
comment Which came first, the shield or the sword?
@jwenting - Swords and shields are objects we have a very good archaeological record for, and clear timelines of their development.
Apr
3
comment Which came first, the shield or the sword?
@YannisRizos - Axes and clubs were far more common infantry weapons in the chalcolithic and early bronze age. Daggers are fairly useless in combat, due to the reach and momentum of the larger weapons - it wasn't until bronzeworking became advanced enough to support flexible and strong blades that the dagger was lengthened to the sword - and even then, transitional weapons like the khopesh came first.
Feb
26
comment Is it true that US tracer rounds were red and VC green during Vietnam war?
Great answer - can you offer a cite for further exploration on the topic?
Feb
23
comment Why did France make an alliance with the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont in the 1850's?
@FelixGoldberg - A minor power that also wound up with the united Italian throne, and kept it until the second world war. Much like the Habsburgs and Hanvovers, the Savoys were everywhere in European nobility. An alliance with their seat of power couldn't hurt, especially as a political marriage was out.
Feb
22
comment What are the earliest examples in history where one state/people stepped in to rescue another?
The term is "Amical Protectorate" - where a major power steps in to defend a weaker one without demanding much in return (tho the Baltic states and Karelia may disagree). It's a tough term to search on, tho, as the British Empire was littered with protectorates of other sorts in places where ancient civilizations flourished, and this poisons the search results.
Feb
21
comment Who first in human history has promoted equality rights of all people?
@Guest - That is too fine a hair to split.
Feb
21
comment Who invented modern bookends? (both model T and model L)
@Lohoris - Doing a bit more googling, and he was apparently a professor of entomology who was looking for a better way to store his specimen collection!
Feb
21
comment What is the current consensus on the origins of the Brahmi script?
@T.E.D. - Also Korean hangul, which is probably the most famous example of the phenomenon.
Feb
20
comment Is Howard Roark's potted history of architecture accurate?
Excellent answer! From the perspective of a student of Vitruvius, Roarke is correct. However, from a larger perspective, Vitruvius is probably partially correct - all of the Iron age mediterranean civilizations built stone columns, and the Egyptians started building theirs as early as 23rdC BCE. The wood-on-stone columns discovered at Naxos were built just after the Greek Dark Age, where they were almost certainly echoes of the stone columns of the Mycenaeans and Minoans. Sooo... he's right except he's wrong except he's right. :)
Feb
20
comment Is Howard Roark's potted history of architecture accurate?
Excellent answer! I should point out that Roarke was relying on Vitruvius - but Vitruvius was not necessarily a reliable source. All iron age civilizations built stone columns long before the classical greeks - it
Feb
20
comment Who first in human history has promoted equality rights of all people?
Code of Hammurabi is one of those old saws from middle school history curriculum that never winds up being updated. Everyone remembers it, as the origin of law is very important, but it's no longer accurate. There are indeed older and more comprehensive codes of law, but Hammurabi's is the best preserved and best known, so it gets taught as "the first". Infuriating.
Feb
19
comment Who first in human history has promoted equality rights of all people?
This is legend/religion and not history. -1.
Feb
14
comment At what point did Soviet armored units have qualitative parity with Wehrmacht armored units?
The Char B2 was likewise unbeatable by German armor - but unlike the French, the Russians built a whole bunch of heavy and medium-heavy tanks, and knew how to deploy them for effect.
Feb
6
comment What were the effects of US foreign policy in the South East Asian region in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s on states with capitalist economies?
Also note the Soviet Union (and its Eastern Block allies) and China backed successful revolutions in Africa and Central America with men, money and material at the same time as the war in Vietnam - their resources were demonstrably not tied up exclusively in Vietnam.
Feb
6
comment What were the effects of US foreign policy in the South East Asian region in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s on states with capitalist economies?
@ComeAndGo - Well, then, did communist Vietnam lend men, money or material to other Communist insurrections? No. They actually engaged in a brief war with Cambodia that overthrew the Khmer Rouge. The assertion that the Viet Nam war achieved any end is speculative at best, and countered by actual rather than speculated history.
Jan
27
comment Has the existence of a matriarchal society really been discredited?
@PieterGeerkens - Fixed and submitted! There was a bit of code at the end of the URL to present as a single page that no longer works. Thanks for noticing!
Jan
3
comment Was the Italian campaign a strategic mistake?
(USSR and USA, rather)
Jan
2
comment Was the Italian campaign a strategic mistake?
@PieterGeerkens - There were only two large industrial powers, USSR and UK. Italy was a major, top-ten world economy with a top-five per-capita GDP. If that ain't a powerhouse, I don't know what is.