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Oct
26
awarded  Nice Answer
Oct
26
comment Are there confirmed cases where a country changed its language without being conquered?
Both French and English were originally brought into England via invasion and conquest.
Oct
25
comment Are there confirmed cases where a country changed its language without being conquered?
@MichaelF As I said in my answer, Taiwan's status is one of great political debate. The People's Republic of China and the Pan Blue Alliance parties of the Republic of China will agree with you, however a great many other people will disagree. The island has seen control by the Japanese (1895-1945), The Kingdom of Tungning (1662-1683), partial Dutch control (1544-1662), partial Kingdom of Middag (around 1540-1544). Only in the periods 1683-1895 and 1945-1949 was Taiwan part of China. However, the qualifier for an answer to the question - the language change to Mandarin was post 1949.
Oct
25
comment Are modern handguns a major reason for democratization?
@Tom Au - AK-47 and copies of the design can be obtained throughout the world cheaply. Even a farmer in Africa can afford one. To quote wikipedia, 'In some countries, prices for AKs are very low; in Somalia, Rwanda, Mozambique, Congo and Ethiopia, prices are between $30 and $125 per weapon, and prices have fallen in the last few decades due to mass counterfeiting. Moisés Naím observed that in a small town in Kenya in 1986, an AK-47 cost fifteen cows but that in 2005, the price was down to four cows indicating that supply was "immense".' en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AK-47#Illicit_trade
Oct
25
comment Are there confirmed cases where a country changed its language without being conquered?
@ Wladimir Palant: While Mongolia was heavily influenced by the USSR, but it was not conquered by the USSR. It also was not a true part of the USSR. Mongolia is unlike ex-soviet states like Kazakhstan or Georgia which were fully part of the USSR. Mongolia can more be likened to the Easter European states or to North Korea. Very heavily influenced by, but not actually within, the USSR.
Oct
25
answered Are there confirmed cases where a country changed its language without being conquered?
Oct
25
comment Are there confirmed cases where a country changed its language without being conquered?
China did redo its written language with new simplified characters, they also redid the spelling of the transliterated words using Latin alphabet forming Pinyin. Regional dialects and even minority laguages exist within China such as Mongolian, Tibetan. There is a movement to ensure everyone learns Mandarin (Putonghua - "Proper Speak") however this is in addition to, not instead of local languages. I taught at a school in Inner Mongolia where classes were all given in Mongolian and Mandarin was taught as a second language.
Oct
25
awarded  Critic
Oct
24
answered Are modern handguns a major reason for democratization?
Oct
22
comment Is there any historical evidence of boiling oil being poured on attackers?
Also have a look at: A history of Greek fire and gunpowder By James Riddick Partington books.google.co.uk/… who says it was in common use by the Muslims, especially in the 12th century.
Oct
22
comment Is there any historical evidence of boiling oil being poured on attackers?
The Muslims employed Greek fire on many occasions throughout the crusades. There are many references but to give one: The siege of Jerusalem: crusade and conquest in 1099 By Conor Kostick books.google.co.uk/… .
Oct
22
asked Why did Canada not join the American Revolution?
Oct
22
asked Did war chariots ever actually have blades on the wheel hubs?
Oct
22
answered Is there any historical evidence of boiling oil being poured on attackers?
Oct
19
comment When were swords last used in European warfare?
Bernard Montgomery advanced with his 1897 Pattern drawn during a counteroffensive in the First World War. The actual sword he carried is exhibited in the Imperial War Museum, London. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/…
Oct
19
comment When were swords last used in European warfare?
21st of August 1914. It was the 4th Dragoon Guards. bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/firstshot_01.shtml
Oct
19
comment When were swords last used in European warfare?
The First World War opened near Casteau in Belgium with a British cavalry charge, sabres drawn (4th Dragoon Guards). They attacked a German patrol of Lancers. The British saw no casualties other than one horse. The Germans lost several men and three were captured with sword wounds. bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/firstshot_01.shtml
Oct
19
comment Why did Hitler attack the Soviet Union when he was still busy fighting the United Kingdom?
Scotland is a country. There are four countries in the UK. Scotland, England, N. Ireland and Wales. The attack across the channel would have come from England. There may have been other nations involved but it was from England that they attacked.
Oct
18
awarded  Commentator
Oct
18
comment Why wasn't the Republic of Ireland invaded (by either side) in WW2?
Britain had just lost Ireland through a civil war. The idea of recapturing it and the resulting conflict would have been ridiculous to contemplate while at war with Germany.