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May
20
comment Are there confirmed cases where a country changed its language without being conquered?
@CGCampbell The Scots have an accent. So do the Scousers in Liverpool. So do the Welsh. So do Jamaicans. Have you ever listen to a Texan drawl. However, do note that the words we write are nearly universally the same everywhere. Scotland today has three languages. Gaelic, Scots and Scottish English. Not everyone with a Scottish accent speaks Scots (though they all can understand) and those who speak Scots can universally write English to a high standard.
May
20
comment Are there confirmed cases where a country changed its language without being conquered?
@CGCampbell Of course I've listed to one you "us". Every time I open my own mouth.
May
20
comment Are there confirmed cases where a country changed its language without being conquered?
@Axelrod If you read more than the first sencence you might find your answer. To repeat myself - Scots have been speaking English just as long as the English have been speaking English. There have been English speaking Scots in Scotland for hundreds of years before Edward Longshanks came through. Secondly, English didn't expand in Scotland because of the wars. The spread of English to the highlands and islands happened largely during the late 18th century and into the 19th century, due to the social-economic changes, shifting populations, the Enlightenment, etc
Aug
9
comment Who was responsible for the partition of India?
@T.E.D.♦ I don't think the British would have been perfectly happy leaving the whole are as one. Parallels can be drawn to how the British divided up Africa and Arab countries when they became independent. Britain long used a divide a rule system, putting administrative borders through the middle of ethnic and religious group. In doing so they reduced the power of those groups. However, they also sowed the seeds of many of today's conflicts. Going off topic but the current crisis with the ISIS in Iraq and Siria and with the Kurds in Iraq, Iran and Turkey, is a prime example of this.
Aug
9
comment Who was responsible for the partition of India?
@R11G, the question detail were edited after this answer was posted. To answer your question, everyone involved was responsible for the division. Had any side made concessions sufficiently the division might not have happened. Though some concessions were tabled, no side was willing or politically empowered to go far enough so as to prevent the division.
Mar
20
comment Are modern handguns a major reason for democratization?
@called2voyage Nay, I will say that in all the events mentioned, firearms played just as much a role in preventing and delaying democracy as the did in supporting. The US government might be supported by an army, but so too is that of the DPRK. Dictators, Fascists, Communists, Anarchist and other such non-democratic powers have all come to power via the gun.
Mar
20
comment Are modern handguns a major reason for democratization?
@called2voyage what popycock. I think you'll find that in all the events mentioned, shoes and socks played a supporting role assisting democracy.
Oct
21
comment How did the conquering Mongols and Manchus of China end up becoming part of China?
This is fiction.
Jul
18
comment How strong is the current theory of the beginnings of Chinese writing?
As accurate as any other date for any other ancient culture. No, we can't be 100% certain they are correct but we have nothing else.
Jul
17
comment How strong is the current theory of the beginnings of Chinese writing?
There are no dates given. There are events, eras and reigns. You can only determine the actual date indirectly.
Jul
17
comment How strong is the current theory of the beginnings of Chinese writing?
They didn't date their documents in a style that you would understand as a date until relatively recent times. After European influence they retroactively imposed a system of continuous dating but not in a consistent way. For example, there is no consensus on the epoch. However, such does not matter as the Chinese calendar is not used to measure history but rather to calculate astrological events.
Jul
16
comment How strong is the current theory of the beginnings of Chinese writing?
There is no historical documentation that far back. That would be an oxymoron. How could you have a document that pre-dates the first writing.
Jun
25
comment Great Wall of China Controversy
Can you reference the stories/articles you are commenting on? Particularly the 2009 announcement and the 2012 announcement.
Dec
20
comment Why did non-monarchic rule meet with so little success in ancient China?
@Felix Goldberg "Oligarchy...a form of power structure in which power effectively rests with a small number of people. These people could be distinguished by royalty, wealth, family ties, education, corporate, or military control. Such states are often controlled by a few prominent families who pass their influence from one generation to the next." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oligarchy
Apr
5
comment In current times is it impossible to win a war if the people of invaded country are determined not to lose?
The Vietnam war was lost not only because of the North Vietnamese army as you say, but also because the South was exactly like Iraq and Afghanistan. There were insurgents and the pro-USA government in the south was far from stable. When the USA pulled out, the South government fell. Same will probably happen in Iraq and Afghanistan. America needs to realise that democracy means most countries will choose governments that are different from what the USA would like. You can't impose a government on a country and claim to be creating democracy.
Mar
16
comment Since the inception of the United States, has the term “America” ever referred to something more than simply “the United States”?
@Robusto When demonstrators yell "Death to America", they are usually not shouting in English so the confusion over the name doesn't apply.
Mar
16
comment Since the inception of the United States, has the term “America” ever referred to something more than simply “the United States”?
@Jay South Americans are not Americans. South America, and Carabean are part of the Americas (drop the 'n').
Jan
31
comment Who was responsible for the partition of India?
@mgb Sure, minorities in Greater India were oppressed but it was no genocide. It is important to remember that the Muslims were both minority in some areas and majority in others. You seem to favour the Muslims in Hindu India while ignoring the Hindus in Muslim Pakistan. The partition triggered a massive genocide of minorities on both sides of the borders. There were other options and the negligence and over-hast of the partition is a tragedy that was foreseen and could have been prevented.
Jan
8
comment Who was responsible for the partition of India?
India had lived with a mix of Hindu and Muslims side by side for hundreds of years. There is no reason that this peaceful coexistence could not have continued for long after but for a few high profile politicians (some of whom counted Gandhi as a friend) who sought partition and stirred trouble.
Nov
30
comment Are modern handguns a major reason for democratization?
Isn't the internet worderful: mongabay.com/images/commodities/charts/beef.html the price of beef in Kenya in 1986 was almost the same as in 2005.