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location Washington, DC USA
age 38
visits member for 2 years, 1 month
seen 22 hours ago

Nov
28
comment The first head/chief/leader/etc of the Federal Housing Administration?
James A Moffett.
Apr
20
comment Did most colleges in the United have semesters that began in September and ended in January during the 1890s?
Every school sets up its own calendar, but for what it's worth, Cornell's fall semester ran September to January until 1965. I'm sure they weren't the only one.
Apr
16
comment When did retailers stop wrapping purchases in paper and twine?
They still do in Japan.
Mar
28
comment Historically, have African nations had a higher proportion of coups than nations on other continents?
As written, you are asking whether the media are creating a perception of instability in Africa. Is that what you intended to ask? As to why West Africa has seen so many coups, the linked article goes into the main theories.
Mar
23
comment Are there ways to measure “how much power did ”Russia“ lose when the Soviet Union broke up?”
Power can't be compared across time without hefty assumption and extrapolation; the world is constantly changing, and the Soviet Union would have been changing as well. Russia may be "weaker" in some relative terms (e.g. share of global GDP, men under arms), but so are the United States and Europe, with the rise of China and the other emerging economies, even though they are stronger in some other terms. And once you invent a mechanism for the USSR to remain intact, you venture into alternative history.
Mar
16
comment Who were the Catholic popes before Francis I who used names not of Latin, Greek or Jewish origin?
@mh01 She'll make the Castel run in less than 12 piedi. And yes, I know the pied is a unit of distance.
Mar
11
comment Why did Chinese use high tin bronze for swords?
Copper and tin ores are not generally found together in nature, and a doubling of the proportion of a primary component of an alloy can hardly be attributed to contamination.
Feb
25
comment Why did Ford pardon Nixon?
@mgb Except when it is.
Feb
25
comment Muslim population in Islamic Iberia
@t-e-d Though the Almoravids and their successors were less tolerant of religious minorities than the Umayyads, there is no record of anything comparable to the Spanish Inquisition to convert or stamp out non-believers. I don't, therefore, think we can assume that the non-Muslim population would have been reduced to a marginal population. They might have been <1%— but they might have been 10% or more.
Feb
25
comment Muslim population in Islamic Iberia
But I think the OP also wants to know, of the 4 million in 737 or the 9 million in 1346, do we know how many or what percentage were Muslims as opposed to Christians (or Jews or other)?
Feb
20
comment What is “quarter column”
@LouisRhys I'm sure that is how the term originated, halving the half. At such distances it was probably easier and more consistent to count paces than to eyeball one half of one half of the width of the column, but that is just speculation on my part.
Feb
19
comment How did the “Forty Niners” get to California in 1849?
What exactly are you looking for in an answer? There are only three possible answers: 1) over land, via the California Trail or another western trail; 2) by water, by sailing ship around the Cape or across the Pacific for Asians and Latin Americans; or 3) by a combination of the two, sailing to Mexico or Panama, crossing the continent by land, then sailing to San Francisco from the Pacific side. If you mean "how" as in "how was it humanly possible," there were assuredly worse human experiences in 1849 than a 6-month journey to California. I think they could manage.
Feb
15
comment What repercussions did Agrippina's murder have for Pompeii?
@FelixGoldberg Yes, the last three block quotes are excerpted from the Google Books preview.
Feb
13
comment Were Soviet warships allowed to use the Panama canal?
news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/country_profiles/1229333.stm says "The canal was shut to the Soviet Union during the Cold War." Even if there was no official policy, the Panama Canal Zone (encompassing the entire canal) was an overseas U.S. territory until 1999, and the U.S. could have simply declined requests for Soviet naval ships to enter its territorial waters. As for the quotation, it reflects the political status of the canal in 2008, not during the Cold War.
Feb
12
comment After the independence, did George Washington continue to wear a military uniform?
True, but the question was about whether Washington continued to wear a military uniform after independence, not specifically about whether he wore it during his presidency.
Feb
8
comment Ancient Civilization in non-Egyption Africa?
@user1825 lmgtfy.com/…; . 2,050,000 results. At least a few of those should be useful.
Feb
6
comment Monarchies with built-in rotation
@Hendrink I still dispute the papacy's inclusion, as the College of Cardinals is not a hereditary group, and the papacy does not cycle among generations, ecclesiastical territories, religious institutes and orders, or any other way the cardinals could be divided. To say it "rotates" because the office is not open to the general public is to say every sovereign has "rotated" into his or her position.
Feb
5
comment Monarchies with built-in rotation
The papacy does not rotate, however. The pope is elected, and once elected remains pope for life, with no term or age limit, and subject to a strong tradition against abdication/resignation. Being pope is more analogous to the Holy Roman Emperor than King of Malaysia in that respect.
Feb
5
comment Was the Byzantine follis larger than the Roman (and why, if yes)?
Again, the size of the coin is not intrinsically related to its value; the amount of precious metal contained in the coin is the primary determiner of value. A small coin containing silver will be more valuable than a large coin that is entirely copper.
Jan
30
comment Ancient Civilization in non-Egyption Africa?
Can you give us an idea of what research you've attempted thus far? A simple web search for "ancient civilization" "southern Africa" yields millions of results.