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My general impression is that in most great empires of the past, where the population was mixed, most of the times religions coexisted peacefully, like in Persian empire, for example. Some other examples are:

  1. In Khazar khaghanate, Judaism, Islam and Christianity apparently peacefully coexisted with paganism and with each other.

  2. In the Roman republic (and later Roman empire) all religions peacefully coexisted except Christianity in some periods when Christians and sometimes Jews were persecuted.

  3. In Polish-Lituanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów) several religions coexisted in relative peace (Catholic, Orthodox, various protestants, Muslims and Jews) until the 17 century wars between the Orthodox and the rest. Before the Commonwealth, Christian Orthodox peacefully coexisted with the pagans in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. (This Great Duchy was the last state in Europe ruled by pagan princes).

  4. Mongol empire is also a good example. I think it is generally accepted that Mongols were very tolerant to all religions. Some of them quickly converted to Christianity others to Islam and other religions, others remained pagan, but no problems related to religions seem to be recorded in Mongol empire.

EDIT (after reading the comments). It seems that religious prosecution mostly happened when the rulers were of monotheistic proselyting religions (like Islam and Christianity). Herodotus describes all the world known to him, and I don't remember him ever mentioning any religious persecution. However I am not sufficiently familiar with history of India and China to insist on this generalization.

My general impression is that in most great empires of the past, where the population was mixed, most of the times religions coexisted peacefully, like in Persian empire, for example. Some other examples are:

  1. In Khazar khaghanate, Judaism, Islam and Christianity apparently peacefully coexisted with paganism and with each other.

  2. In the Roman republic (and later Roman empire) all religions peacefully coexisted except Christianity in some periods when Christians and sometimes Jews were persecuted.

  3. In Polish-Lituanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów) several religions coexisted in relative peace (Catholic, Orthodox, various protestants, Muslims and Jews) until the 17 century wars between the Orthodox and the rest. Before the Commonwealth, Christian Orthodox peacefully coexisted with the pagans in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. (This Great Duchy was the last state in Europe ruled by pagan princes).

EDIT (after reading the comments). It seems that religious prosecution mostly happened when the rulers were of monotheistic proselyting religions (like Islam and Christianity). Herodotus describes all the world known to him, and I don't remember him ever mentioning any religious persecution. However I am not sufficiently familiar with history of India and China to insist on this generalization.

My general impression is that in most great empires of the past, where the population was mixed, most of the times religions coexisted peacefully, like in Persian empire, for example. Some other examples are:

  1. In Khazar khaghanate, Judaism, Islam and Christianity apparently peacefully coexisted with paganism and with each other.

  2. In the Roman republic (and later Roman empire) all religions peacefully coexisted except Christianity in some periods when Christians and sometimes Jews were persecuted.

  3. In Polish-Lituanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów) several religions coexisted in relative peace (Catholic, Orthodox, various protestants, Muslims and Jews) until the 17 century wars between the Orthodox and the rest. Before the Commonwealth, Christian Orthodox peacefully coexisted with the pagans in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. (This Great Duchy was the last state in Europe ruled by pagan princes).

  4. Mongol empire is also a good example. I think it is generally accepted that Mongols were very tolerant to all religions. Some of them quickly converted to Christianity others to Islam and other religions, others remained pagan, but no problems related to religions seem to be recorded in Mongol empire.

EDIT (after reading the comments). It seems that religious prosecution mostly happened when the rulers were of monotheistic proselyting religions (like Islam and Christianity). Herodotus describes all the world known to him, and I don't remember him ever mentioning any religious persecution. However I am not sufficiently familiar with history of India and China to insist on this generalization.

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My general impression is that in most great empires of the past, where the population was mixed, most of the times religions coexisted peacefully, like in Persian empire, for example. Some other examples are:

  1. In Khazar khaghanate, Judaism, Islam and Christianity apparently peacefully coexisted with paganism and with each other.

  2. In the Roman republic (and later Roman empire) all religions peacefully coexisted except Christianity in some periods when Christians and sometimes Jews were persecuted.

  3. In Polish-Lituanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów) several religions coexisted in relative peace (Catholic, Orthodox, various protestants, Muslims and Jews) until the 17 century wars between the Orthodox and the rest. Before the Commonwealth, Christian Orthodox peacefully coexisted with the pagans in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. (THisThis Great Duchy was the last state in Europe ruled by pagan princes).

EDIT (after reading the comments). It seems that religious prosecution mostly happened when the rulers were of monotheistic proselyting religions (like Islam and Christianity). Herodotus describes all the world known to him, and I don't remember him ever mentioning any religious persecution. However I am not sufficiently familiar with history of India and China to insist on this generalization.

My general impression is that in most great empires of the past, where the population was mixed, most of the times religions coexisted peacefully, like in Persian empire, for example. Some other examples are:

  1. In Khazar khaghanate, Judaism, Islam and Christianity apparently peacefully coexisted with paganism and with each other.

  2. In the Roman republic (and later Roman empire) all religions peacefully coexisted except Christianity in some periods when Christians were persecuted.

  3. In Polish-Lituanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów) several religions coexisted in relative peace (Catholic, Orthodox, various protestants, Muslims and Jews) until the 17 century wars between the Orthodox and the rest. Before the Commonwealth, Christian Orthodox peacefully coexisted with the pagans in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. (THis Great Duchy was the last state in Europe ruled by pagan princes).

My general impression is that in most great empires of the past, where the population was mixed, most of the times religions coexisted peacefully, like in Persian empire, for example. Some other examples are:

  1. In Khazar khaghanate, Judaism, Islam and Christianity apparently peacefully coexisted with paganism and with each other.

  2. In the Roman republic (and later Roman empire) all religions peacefully coexisted except Christianity in some periods when Christians and sometimes Jews were persecuted.

  3. In Polish-Lituanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów) several religions coexisted in relative peace (Catholic, Orthodox, various protestants, Muslims and Jews) until the 17 century wars between the Orthodox and the rest. Before the Commonwealth, Christian Orthodox peacefully coexisted with the pagans in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. (This Great Duchy was the last state in Europe ruled by pagan princes).

EDIT (after reading the comments). It seems that religious prosecution mostly happened when the rulers were of monotheistic proselyting religions (like Islam and Christianity). Herodotus describes all the world known to him, and I don't remember him ever mentioning any religious persecution. However I am not sufficiently familiar with history of India and China to insist on this generalization.

2 added 213 characters in body
source | link

My general impression is that in most great empires of the past, where the population was mixed, most of the times religions coexisted peacefully, like in Persian empire, for example. Some other examples are:

  1. In Khazar khaghanate, Judaism, Islam and Christianity apparently peacefully coexisted with paganism and with each other.

  2. In the Roman republic (and later Roman empire) all religions peacefully coexisted except Christianity in some periods when Christians were persecuted.

  3. In Polish-Lituanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów) several religions coexisted in relative peace (Catholic, Orthodox, various protestants, Muslims and Jews) until the 17 century wars between the Orthodox and the rest. Before the Commonwealth, Christian Orthodox peacefully coexisted with the pagans in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. (THis Great Duchy was the last state in Europe ruled by pagan princes).

  1. In Khazar khaghanate, Judaism, Islam and Christianity apparently peacefully coexisted with paganism and with each other.

  2. In the Roman republic (and later Roman empire) all religions peacefully coexisted except Christianity in some periods when Christians were persecuted.

  3. In Polish-Lituanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów) several religions coexisted in relative peace (Catholic, Orthodox, various protestants Muslims and Jews) until the 17 century wars between the Orthodox and the rest. Before the Commonwealth, Christian Orthodox peacefully coexisted with the pagans in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

My general impression is that in most great empires of the past, where the population was mixed, most of the times religions coexisted peacefully, like in Persian empire, for example. Some other examples are:

  1. In Khazar khaghanate, Judaism, Islam and Christianity apparently peacefully coexisted with paganism and with each other.

  2. In the Roman republic (and later Roman empire) all religions peacefully coexisted except Christianity in some periods when Christians were persecuted.

  3. In Polish-Lituanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów) several religions coexisted in relative peace (Catholic, Orthodox, various protestants, Muslims and Jews) until the 17 century wars between the Orthodox and the rest. Before the Commonwealth, Christian Orthodox peacefully coexisted with the pagans in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. (THis Great Duchy was the last state in Europe ruled by pagan princes).

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