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Why were the Istein and Schliengen enclaves takentransferred from Switzerland to Baden?

Before the French revolutionary wars, the principaltyprincipality of Basel had 2 enclaves in the Rhine valley of what is modern Germany.

  • Istein (also including Huttingen and maybe Wintersweiler)
  • Schliengen (also including Steinenstadt and probably Mauchen).

At restoration time, the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved and the many small germanGerman states were united to form the Grand Duchy of Baden. It is however unclear why the two swissSwiss enclaves were given to the Grand Duchy of Baden. 

It could be that "this simplifies the map", however I do not think that's the reason, as the border between Switzerland and Baden was kept very complicated near Schaffhausen, where it is still very complicated to this day (even though one small enclave was removed in the 1960s). Plus, I do not think simplifying maps were on the priority of people at the time (I could be wrong).

Is there any particular reason Switzerland could not keep those enclaves ?

Map of pre-revolutionary SwitzerlandMap of pre-revolutionary Switzerland

Map of region of Rhine valley before french revolution.Map of region of Rhine valley before french revolution.

Why were the Istein and Schliengen enclaves taken from Switzerland to Baden?

Before the French revolutionary wars, the principalty of Basel had 2 enclaves in the Rhine valley of what is modern Germany.

  • Istein (also including Huttingen and maybe Wintersweiler)
  • Schliengen (also including Steinenstadt and probably Mauchen).

At restoration time, the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved and the many small german states were united to form the Grand Duchy of Baden. It is however unclear why the two swiss enclaves were given to the Grand Duchy of Baden. It could be that "this simplifies the map", however I do not think that's the reason, as the border between Switzerland and Baden was kept very complicated near Schaffhausen, where it is still very complicated to this day (even though one small enclave was removed in the 1960s). Plus, I do not think simplifying maps were on the priority of people at the time (I could be wrong).

Is there any particular reason Switzerland could not keep those enclaves ?

Map of pre-revolutionary Switzerland

Map of region of Rhine valley before french revolution.

Why were the Istein and Schliengen enclaves transferred from Switzerland to Baden?

Before the French revolutionary wars, the principality of Basel had 2 enclaves in the Rhine valley of what is modern Germany.

  • Istein (also including Huttingen and maybe Wintersweiler)
  • Schliengen (also including Steinenstadt and probably Mauchen).

At restoration time, the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved and many small German states were united to form the Grand Duchy of Baden. It is however unclear why the two Swiss enclaves were given to the Grand Duchy of Baden. 

It could be that "this simplifies the map", however I do not think that's the reason, as the border between Switzerland and Baden was kept very complicated near Schaffhausen, where it is still very complicated to this day (even though one small enclave was removed in the 1960s). Plus, I do not think simplifying maps were the priority of people at the time (I could be wrong).

Is there any particular reason Switzerland could not keep those enclaves ?

Map of pre-revolutionary Switzerland

Map of region of Rhine valley before french revolution.

2 edited body
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Before the frenchFrench revolutionary wars, the principautyprincipalty of Basel had 2 enclaves in the Rhine valley of what is modern Germany.

  • Istein (also including Huttingen and maybe Wintersweiler)
  • Schliengen (also including Steinenstadt and probably Mauchen).

At restoration time, the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved and the many small german states were united to form the Grand Duchy of Baden. It is however unclear why the two swiss enclaves were given to the Grand Duchy of Baden. It could be that "this simplifies the map", however I do not think that's the reason, as the border between Switzerland and Baden was kept very complicated near Schaffhausen, where it is still very complicated to this day (even though one small enclave was removed in the 1960s). Plus, I do not think simplifying maps were on the priority of people at the time (I could be wrong).

Is there any particular reason Switzerland could not keep those enclaves ?

Map of pre-revolutionary Switzerland

Map of region of Rhine valley before french revolution.

Before the french revolutionary wars, the principauty of Basel had 2 enclaves in the Rhine valley of what is modern Germany.

  • Istein (also including Huttingen and maybe Wintersweiler)
  • Schliengen (also including Steinenstadt and probably Mauchen).

At restoration time, the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved and the many small german states were united to form the Grand Duchy of Baden. It is however unclear why the two swiss enclaves were given to the Grand Duchy of Baden. It could be that "this simplifies the map", however I do not think that's the reason, as the border between Switzerland and Baden was kept very complicated near Schaffhausen, where it is still very complicated to this day (even though one small enclave was removed in the 1960s). Plus, I do not think simplifying maps were on the priority of people at the time (I could be wrong).

Is there any particular reason Switzerland could not keep those enclaves ?

Map of pre-revolutionary Switzerland

Map of region of Rhine valley before french revolution.

Before the French revolutionary wars, the principalty of Basel had 2 enclaves in the Rhine valley of what is modern Germany.

  • Istein (also including Huttingen and maybe Wintersweiler)
  • Schliengen (also including Steinenstadt and probably Mauchen).

At restoration time, the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved and the many small german states were united to form the Grand Duchy of Baden. It is however unclear why the two swiss enclaves were given to the Grand Duchy of Baden. It could be that "this simplifies the map", however I do not think that's the reason, as the border between Switzerland and Baden was kept very complicated near Schaffhausen, where it is still very complicated to this day (even though one small enclave was removed in the 1960s). Plus, I do not think simplifying maps were on the priority of people at the time (I could be wrong).

Is there any particular reason Switzerland could not keep those enclaves ?

Map of pre-revolutionary Switzerland

Map of region of Rhine valley before french revolution.

1
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Why were the Istein and Schliengen enclaves taken from Switzerland to Baden?

Before the french revolutionary wars, the principauty of Basel had 2 enclaves in the Rhine valley of what is modern Germany.

  • Istein (also including Huttingen and maybe Wintersweiler)
  • Schliengen (also including Steinenstadt and probably Mauchen).

At restoration time, the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved and the many small german states were united to form the Grand Duchy of Baden. It is however unclear why the two swiss enclaves were given to the Grand Duchy of Baden. It could be that "this simplifies the map", however I do not think that's the reason, as the border between Switzerland and Baden was kept very complicated near Schaffhausen, where it is still very complicated to this day (even though one small enclave was removed in the 1960s). Plus, I do not think simplifying maps were on the priority of people at the time (I could be wrong).

Is there any particular reason Switzerland could not keep those enclaves ?

Map of pre-revolutionary Switzerland

Map of region of Rhine valley before french revolution.