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Maybe we can bring the explanation given by an arabArab historian, Ibn Khaldun, in its Muqaddimah and the theory of Asabiyyah to get a good insight (Peter Turchin works might be a good introduction as well).

Asabiyyah is the group cohesion, that makes people work together for a purpose. All civilizations while growing have a strong group cohesion, which is the willpower required to pass over obstacles to reach a goal. When this group cohesion is lost, people no longer is insterestedinterested on fighting for its govermentgovernment, because they no longer feel attached to it.

What happened during the arabArab conquest is that Islam gave both cohesion and purpose to desert tribes (that already had a important cohesion within its tribes), and while they advanced, they not only won battles, they won hearts. They did not conquer their enemies, they just replaced weak powers that did not have enough cohesion with their own people. Since in those days islamIslam respected other cultures, common folks did not have anything to be afraid of arabsArabs, except their taxes to non islamicIslamic people.
BizantiumByzantium probably survived only because geography.

Same thing happened to Western Roman Empire during its fall, their people no longer had motivation to fight for that empire. The same empire that centuries before, after losing battle after battle against Hannibal, had enough willpower to keep fighting, because they had group cohesion, a purpose, asabiyyah.

Maybe we can bring the explanation given by an arab historian, Ibn Khaldun, in its Muqaddimah and the theory of Asabiyyah to get a good insight (Peter Turchin works might be a good introduction as well).

Asabiyyah is the group cohesion, that makes people work together for a purpose. All civilizations while growing have a strong group cohesion, which is the willpower required to pass over obstacles to reach a goal. When this group cohesion is lost, people no longer is insterested on fighting for its goverment, because they no longer feel attached to it.

What happened during the arab conquest is that Islam gave both cohesion and purpose to desert tribes (that already had a important cohesion within its tribes), and while they advanced, they not only won battles, they won hearts. They did not conquer their enemies, they just replaced weak powers that did not have enough cohesion with their own people. Since in those days islam respected other cultures, common folks did not have anything to be afraid of arabs, except their taxes to non islamic people.
Bizantium probably survived only because geography.

Same thing happened to Western Roman Empire during its fall, their people no longer had motivation to fight for that empire. The same empire that centuries before, after losing battle after battle against Hannibal, had enough willpower to keep fighting, because they had group cohesion, a purpose, asabiyyah.

Maybe we can bring the explanation given by an Arab historian, Ibn Khaldun, in its Muqaddimah and the theory of Asabiyyah to get a good insight (Peter Turchin works might be a good introduction as well).

Asabiyyah is the group cohesion, that makes people work together for a purpose. All civilizations while growing have a strong group cohesion, which is the willpower required to pass over obstacles to reach a goal. When this group cohesion is lost, people no longer is interested on fighting for its government, because they no longer feel attached to it.

What happened during the Arab conquest is that Islam gave both cohesion and purpose to desert tribes (that already had a important cohesion within its tribes), and while they advanced, they not only won battles, they won hearts. They did not conquer their enemies, they just replaced weak powers that did not have enough cohesion with their own people. Since in those days Islam respected other cultures, common folks did not have anything to be afraid of Arabs, except their taxes to non Islamic people.
Byzantium probably survived only because geography.

Same thing happened to Western Roman Empire during its fall, their people no longer had motivation to fight for that empire. The same empire that centuries before, after losing battle after battle against Hannibal, had enough willpower to keep fighting, because they had group cohesion, a purpose, asabiyyah.

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Maybe we can bring the explanation given by an arab historian, Ibn Khaldun, in its Muqaddimah and the theory of Asabiyyah to get a good insight (Peter Turchin works might be a good introduction as well).

Asabiyyah is the group cohesion, that makes people work together for a purpose. All civilizations while growing have a strong group cohesion, which is the willpower required to pass over obstacles to reach a goal. When this group cohesion is lost, people no longer is insterested on fighting for its goverment, because they no longer feel attached to it.

What happened during the arab conquest is that Islam gave both cohesion and purpose to desert tribes (that already had a important cohesion within its tribes), and while they advanced, they not only won battles, they won hearts. They did not conquer their enemies, they just replaced weak powers that did not have enough cohesion with their own people. Since in those days islam respected other cultures, common folks did not have anything to be afraid of arabs, except their taxes to non islamic people.
Bizantium probably survived only because geography.

Same thing happened to Western Roman Empire during its fall, their people no longer had motivation to fight for that empire. The same empire that centuries before, after losing battle after battle against Hannibal, had enough willpower to keep fighting, because they had group cohesion, a purpose, asabiyyah.