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According to this article, the Romans first used the axe for decapitation, and then moved to using the sword later. The article states:

[B]eheading, a mode of executing capital punishment by which the head is severed from the body. The ancient Greeks and Romans regarded it as a most honourable form of death. ... In early times an ax was used, but later a sword, which was considered a more honourable instrument of death, was used for Roman citizens.

My question is this: When exactly was this switch made? How quickly itdid it become standard practice? Was there ever a distinction based on class made regarding which instrument was chosen? The article states that the sword was used for Roman citizens. Did the use of the axe continue for non-citizens?

According to this article, the Romans first used the axe for decapitation, and then moved to using the sword later. The article states:

[B]eheading, a mode of executing capital punishment by which the head is severed from the body. The ancient Greeks and Romans regarded it as a most honourable form of death. ... In early times an ax was used, but later a sword, which was considered a more honourable instrument of death, was used for Roman citizens.

My question is this: When exactly was this switch made? How quickly it it become standard practice? Was there ever a distinction based on class made regarding which instrument was chosen? The article states that the sword was used for Roman citizens. Did the use of the axe continue for non-citizens?

According to this article, the Romans first used the axe for decapitation, and then moved to using the sword later. The article states:

[B]eheading, a mode of executing capital punishment by which the head is severed from the body. The ancient Greeks and Romans regarded it as a most honourable form of death. ... In early times an ax was used, but later a sword, which was considered a more honourable instrument of death, was used for Roman citizens.

My question is this: When exactly was this switch made? How quickly did it become standard practice? Was there ever a distinction based on class made regarding which instrument was chosen? The article states that the sword was used for Roman citizens. Did the use of the axe continue for non-citizens?

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When did the Romans begin using the sword, as opposed to the axe, for decapitation?

According to this article, the Romans first used the axe for decapitation, and then moved to using the sword later. The article states:

[B]eheading, a mode of executing capital punishment by which the head is severed from the body. The ancient Greeks and Romans regarded it as a most honourable form of death. ... In early times an ax was used, but later a sword, which was considered a more honourable instrument of death, was used for Roman citizens.

My question is this: When exactly was this switch made? How quickly it it become standard practice? Was there ever a distinction based on class made regarding which instrument was chosen? The article states that the sword was used for Roman citizens. Did the use of the axe continue for non-citizens?