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24 views

How and when did the surname “Apibus” become “de Apapis”?

The Maltese surname Apap derives from "De Apapis", and the family crest features bees. Family lore tells that the surname originates from a person who kept bees. In Latin, Apis is bee, and the most ...
2
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0answers
49 views

Are there any records of Foreign investments or Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) in history from pre-medieval or medieval period?

A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country. If we look at the articles about the ...
-2
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0answers
140 views

Has a hegemon ever, at the height of its economic and military dominance, just packed up and abandoned its place in the world?

Athens, Rome, China, the Brits....etc. all dominated their part of the world (or the world itself, I guess). All of them lost their dominance and became lesser powers. Have any of them, at the ...
5
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1answer
81 views

Help identify Venetian headpiece

So I’ve been trying to find the technical term for these headpieces usually worn during Venetian Carnevale. I’m unsure if they are medieval in origin or a type of turban. What is the difference ...
1
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0answers
43 views

How and in what ways has our understanding of the historical method improved since the publication of E. H. Carr's “What is History” in 1961?

This is partially answered in this question, but that only characterizes the modern consensus on what history is able to answer - it does not go into depth about how that modern consensus has evolved. ...
-3
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0answers
93 views

Was Albert Einstein really a man of bad character when it came to women? [on hold]

Is there any significant evidence of this? Or, can anyone defend this point?
3
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1answer
155 views

Was there a bribery attempt by UK to get Ottomans to switch sides in World War I?

While perusing Wikipedia article on Gallipoli Campaign, I saw an intriguing statement: an attempt by the British to bribe the Ottomans to join the Allied side ... failed. Wikipedia citing an ...
2
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1answer
188 views

If adultery was a felony during Hamilton era, why isn't he prosecuted?

Wikipedia says that Hamilton confessed to adultery. However, adultery is a crime, and a felony. Why isn't he charged? Statue of limitations?
0
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0answers
72 views

Are there a records of the cost of Medieval war reparations? [on hold]

I have come across some actual numbers for individual war reparations, e.g. this or that medieval city-state had to pay N amount of gold to this or that other state, for war reparations after losing X ...
0
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0answers
87 views

What caused the price revolution? [on hold]

The price revolution. From what I know, it was an event in occurring between the 16th and 17th century, and it caused massive rates of inflation in Europe. But what caused this? I know that the ...
1
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0answers
58 views

Examples from history, way forward for failed states [on hold]

What are the historic examples of countries that were failed states and then became normal states? To narrow it down, are there historic examples of countries that were once in a similar situation ...
2
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0answers
94 views

Did soldiers and/or athletes of ancient times perform any kind of stretch or warmup exercises?

There are some 'time travel' stories where the protagonist, hailing from a modern age, does stretches and warmup exercises (calisthenics, radio, etc) and the natives have no idea what that is. There'...
3
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1answer
156 views

Can someone identify this military uniform?

I would really appreciate it if someone could tell me anything about this military uniform. Thanks so much for any help!
0
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2answers
146 views

Why did the Chagatai Khanate cease invasions of India?

After many defeats (last in 1306?) at the hands of the Delhi Sultanate, the Chagatai Khanate ceased the invasions. What were the main reasons for this decision? I read on wiki that many thousands of ...
15
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1answer
2k views

How long would it take to build 30 miles of Roman road?

Say there's a route of 30 miles length in need of a road. Assume ready availability of stone and lime and possibly other materials. Some gentle slopes, no particularly adverse terrain or flora/fauna. ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

What is the meaning of this short passage in Thomas Carlyle's 'French Revolution'? [on hold]

Look to it, D'Aiguillon; sharply as thou didst, from the Mill of St. Cast, on Quiberon and the invading English; thou, 'covered if not with glory yet with meal!' Fortune was ever accounted ...
0
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0answers
110 views

Were Soviet Union's best trained and equipped forces deployed on the Chinese border and not against NATO?

I heard a scholarly gentleman make this claim (without giving any details of his sources) that after the Sino-Soviet split the most capable forces were not aligned for a war with the West but were ...
4
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1answer
219 views

Was the U.S. planning an invasion of Afghanistan before 9/11? [on hold]

Some sources seem to indicate that the U.S. was planning a military attack against Afghanistan before September 11. Niaz Naik, a former Pakistani Foreign Secretary, was told by senior American ...
6
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1answer
117 views

Does any of John Sutter's tin money survive?

John Sutter was a Swiss settler and investor in the late Mexican era of California. I have only seen secondary sources on the matter, but apparently his colony New Helvetia had bespoke coinage: ... ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Were the arches on medieval bridges large enough to permit river traffic? [on hold]

I’ve been looking through the Civitates Orbis Terrarum to get a sense of the way Medieval cities and their surroundings were organized, but there are some questions I haven’t been able to answer about ...
-1
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0answers
62 views

Is there any example of a cow, bull or other domestic animal group being used in a fight? [on hold]

I found some examples in entertainment of a cow or bull group being used as a weapon: the animals are being afraid by their guards and made to run in the ennemy. A notable example could be found in ...
0
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0answers
128 views

After the end of slavery at the closure of the US civil war, what percentage of former slaves stayed at their previous workplaces?

Upon the abolition of slavery in the USA, there were suddenly millions of former slaves set free. But they were left without an obvious workplace. On the other side, millions of jobs done previously ...
1
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3answers
204 views

What happened to Hitler's personal possessions and real estate?

When World War II ended and Hitler committed suicide, what happened to his personal possessions and real estate? I presume that given his defeat, any will he might have had wasn't honored. Did certain ...
1
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1answer
68 views

Has China ever sent officials to collect tribute under the tributary system, instead of receiving missions, besides Zheng He's voyages?

The usual picture I have of tribute to the Chinese emperor, is that tributaries were dispatched to present their tribute to the court, that is in China. But it seems there were exceptions to this ...
46
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2answers
14k views

Was Hitler exclaiming “Heil Hitler!” himself when saluting?

Boris Johnson in his book “The Churchill Factor: How One Man Made History” writes: The only man to come through it with colours flying was Churchill’s parliamentary aide Bob Boothby, MP, who ...
-2
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1answer
170 views

How did scientific racism become so mainstream in the confederacy? [on hold]

How did scientific racism become so prominent in the southern states that came to comprise the confederacy? When you read the works of the Founders, they didn't espouse these kinds of theories. So ...
8
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2answers
182 views

Are views in Thailand on axis powers influenced by colonization?

John Oliver talked on how nazi depictions are used commercially in Thailand. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Nqa4XKkXp4 However, Thailand regained land from the British and the French during WW2, ...
5
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1answer
312 views

Just how fanciful is Egyptology?

I've just started learning about Ancient Egypt, and it's fascinating, but it's making me wonder about the reliability of my information. For instance, it is claimed that the Ogdoad governed the four ...
42
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8answers
9k views

Why didn't Aboriginal Australians invent agriculture?

From what I've gathered at a glance, Aborigine Australians have about 50000 years of history on their continent, roughly equivalent to that of people on other continents. Yet from what I can gather, ...
21
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1answer
3k views

Was Switzerland pressured either by Allies or Axis to take part in World War 2 at any time?

In the second world war, Switzerland mostly maintained it's neutrality and served as protecting power and mediated communications between the Axis and Allied powers. A Wikipedia article Switzerland ...
0
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1answer
128 views

What are the Ancient Egyptian words for these concepts?

I just want to know what words ancient Egyptians might have used for "country", "nation", "state", "kingdom", and "empire" (especially empire), preferably in their oldest forms. Can anybody help me ...
-3
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0answers
55 views

What were some grand narratives of the Renaissance? [closed]

Just like any other era, there some prevalent grand narratives in the Renaissance. Could you please elaborate on some of them? By grand narratives I mean some historical themes particular to the ...
3
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1answer
211 views

Who is this statue of?

Purchased it from an Italian leather shop in Budapest Hungary. Curious to find out the history behind it. I was recently informed it may be of a Hungarian cowboy. His outfit looks a bit formal. It ...
32
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2answers
7k views

How were Kurds involved (or not) in the invasion of Normandy?

In defending his decision to withdraw from northern Syria and cease supporting Kurdish fighters in the face of the 2019 Turkish invasion, Donald Trump said: [The Kurds] didn’t help us in the second ...
0
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0answers
86 views

What clothing did 14th century Javanese wear? [on hold]

Where can I find learn about daily clothing worn by regular people around 14th century Java? Preferably with a lot of pictures.
51
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5answers
15k views

Did it take 3 minutes to reload a musket when the second amendment to the US constitution was ratified?

The NPR News podcast and video Beto O'Rourke Wants To Ban, Confiscate Some Guns. Texas Voters Want Details (about 6.5 minutes long) contains the following assertion by Congressman O'Rourke: In ...
-3
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0answers
68 views

Why were indigenous alliances important to the imperial wars of the mid-eighteenth century? [closed]

Why were indigenous alliances important to the imperial wars of the mid-eighteenth century? What was the role of indigenous alliances and how were they wielded during the Seven Years’ War? How were ...
8
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1answer
269 views

Why did the UK Parliament sit on Saturday 30 July 1949?

Good question by Andrew Sparrow on the Guardian Politics' live blog: According to the House of Commons website, the Commons has only sat on Saturdays four times since 1939. Three of those ...
-2
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0answers
106 views

What severed Lewis Carroll's(Dodgson's) relationship with young Alice Liddell? [closed]

Dodgson till 1863 is said to be quite close to the Dean's (of Oxford University, and the father of Alice and her sisters) family. However, after 1863, I'm not sure what caused him to part ways. Some ...
-1
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1answer
164 views

What are the seven levels of knowledge? [closed]

My teacher said that in the medieval Germany they had seven level about the knowledges one man had, for example, a child and a university student must be different, so they had a different level. i ...
6
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0answers
161 views

How did American colonial rights and conditions compare to those within the British Isles?

A major point of contention between American colonists and British administrators was that the American colonists, being the descendants of Englishmen, allegedly should have been entitled to ...
2
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2answers
357 views

Why was the Deutschland so ineffective compared to the Admiral Graf Spee and the Admiral Scheer

Before World War II, Germany created the Deutschland Class of heavily armored cruisers in order to comply with the regulations in the Treaty of Versailles. Three of these cruisers (called pocket-...
4
votes
1answer
195 views

What was the de facto rule by which the imperial title was transmitted in various Chinese dynasties?

I seek to find information about which rules or trends - if any - applied in Chinese imperial succession during different dynasties. I found this source, but I can’t get access and what I see in the ...
5
votes
2answers
219 views

Can anyone identify what uniform this child soldier from Switzerland c1870 is wearing?

I don't have any information about this card apart from the photo itself. Carte de visite circa 1860-1880 from Lausanne, Switzerland. As you can see, this child is wearing a soldier's uniform and is ...
69
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1answer
11k views

Which culture used no personal names?

The blog post Falsehoods Programmers Believe About Names – With Examples claims that: There was an isolated culture in which no one had names – they referred to everyone in relative terms, such ...
8
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1answer
232 views

What would a Roman education include in the years 77 - 85?

In the year 77 Gnaeus Julius Agricola under Vespasian was made consul and governor of Britannia, among a series of military campaigns into north and west Britain he also pushed for various civil and ...
1
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0answers
115 views

Can anyone identify the uniforms in these pics, dated 1903 - 1904, Calcutta?

A little background... his father was a merchant with offices in Bremen and Calcutta; his mother tutored the children of the Viceroy of India. In later documents he states he was a member of the Royal ...
36
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3answers
11k views

Is there a historical explanation as to why the USA people are so litigious compared to the French?

I'm French and I often hear that people in USA tend to sue for almost anything. I don't hear the same about countries neighboring France (Spain, Italia, Belgium, etc..) and, since a good part of USA ...
1
vote
1answer
230 views

Are there examples of cities planned for urban combat that actually experienced it?

I was under the impression some cities are built to make urban combat more of a mess than it already is. Specifically they are built to have bad sight lines, confusing routes for the enemy and planned ...
-1
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3answers
139 views

Do we know of any course of action chosen based on historical precedents which was successful? [on hold]

Hegel famously held that we could not learn from history, since the particular circumstances are always too special. The German quote from his „Lectures on the Philosophy of History“ goes as follows: ...

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