All Questions

2
votes
1answer
35 views

What was the impact of Fischer vs. Spassky 1972 on the relationship between the USA and the Soviet Union?

In 1948, the Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) organized the first Chess World Championship after WW2. Its winner was Mikhail Botvinnik. Further Chess World Champions were Vasily Smyslov, ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Was there any politization of “hard” science (math, physics, chemistry, biology) in the Asian communist countries?

Where proven science results contradict political views, the most obvious solution is to try to discredit those results, by creating your own versions. It has been done multiple times in history, for ...
-1
votes
0answers
46 views

Foundations of Christianity [duplicate]

What are the odds Jesus Christ was a real historical figure? Is there any solid evidence that points toward him or is he likely mythical only existing in storys.
1
vote
2answers
92 views

Was there religious content on the post-war BBC World Service?

At the beginning of Oranges are not the only fruit, Jeanette talks about listening to the radio with her mother as a child. Sunday was the Lord's Day, the most vigorous day of the whole week; we ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Collaboration between Ronald Reagan and Jimmy Carter after the 1980 election

After Ronald Reagan defeated the incumbent Jimmy Carter in the 1980 election, in the midst of the crisis of a large group of American diplomats being held hostage in Iran, it was obvious that they ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Is Makarios III's harsh quote on Turkish Cypriots accurate?

There has been an infamous quote by Makarios III from 1964 (during the Crisis of 1963–1964), regarding a possible Turkish intervention in the island. It has been very popular in Turkey, and has gained ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

How were noblewomen named/titled in Medieval France, c. 11th century?

I was reading through some articles on Wikipedia and long story short I ended up reading about 11th century dukes of France. I noticed that a lot of their wives had names such as, e.g. Adelaide of ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Is Harari wrong to claim that the Old Testament “never claims that the souls of people continue to live after the death of the body”? [on hold]

On page 297 of the book Sapiens, the author says: ... [T]he Old Testament [...] never claims that the souls of people continue to live after the death of the body. Yet Job 19:26-27, KJV says: ...
1
vote
2answers
183 views

How many troops did Hitler send back from the Eastern front to face the Allies' assault?

After the Battle of Kursk, Hitler called back a lot of his forces to defend against the British and American invasion. My question is how much of his forces did he call back from the Eastern front?
0
votes
0answers
103 views

What is the date that the Internet could be said to have been born? Who is the originator? [on hold]

Question: What is the date that the Internet could be said to have been born? Terms: Such a complex and significant creation relies upon many contributors. I want to ...
20
votes
1answer
3k views

Was touching your nose a greeting in second millenium Mesopotamia?

I ran across a curious sentence today, in a Mesopotamian prayer to a personal god (the grammar looked better in verse format): "Daily worship your god with offerings, prayers and appropriate ...
-2
votes
1answer
73 views

Which nations/organisations doesn't recognise Taiwan? [on hold]

Taiwan is claimed by PRC and is a disputed region but Taiwan sees itself as an independent nation. This has created a lot of controversies in the past and present internationally. So, it is seen that ...
4
votes
0answers
46 views

Who erected Luis Argüello's tombstone?

Luis Argüello was California's first Mexican governor. He died in 1830 and was buried next to San Francisco's Mission Dolores. His grave marker doesn't appear contemporary with his death, though. I ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

What usually happened to the medieval peasants whose farmlands were burned by their own people as a part of the 'Scorched Earth' policy? [on hold]

The Hungarian kingdom employed scorched earth tactics against invading Mongols to great effect. Similar tactics were also employed by Polish. King Stephen III 'The Great' of Moldavia also used ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Did Anne Boleyn's father set her and Henry the 8th up?

In the TV show, The Tudors, they make it seems as though Anne and Mary were meant to sleep with Henry in order to sway him away from Cardinal Wolsey who had French interests in mind. Is this true? ...
7
votes
1answer
296 views

Identification of harbor and ships

Identification of port and country. Identification of ships. WWII era, from a German Kriegsmarine album
6
votes
1answer
404 views

In the early 1900s, how would an American returning from, say, Europe prove he was American and not just lying to avoid Ellis Island?

Apparently, international travelers didn't need any papers to travel (before WW1), at least in USA and most parts of Europe. So how did a person 'prove' their nationality? EDITED IN OP'S COMMENT I'...
5
votes
2answers
220 views

Did the Germans attempt the easier or harder of two possible objectives in the Caucasus?

During the summer and fall of 1942, German Army Group A advanced into the Caucasus pursuant to Fall Blau. This consisted of two armies, the First Panzer Army and the Seventeenth Army. The advanced ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

William Penn and the Frame of Government of Pennsylvania

William Penn wrote three different frames of government documents. All three are different, so therefore which one do we go by? How do we read them? And which one is the final document that PA uses?
4
votes
1answer
259 views

Did people on the Bridge of Death in Pripyat actually die?

It is a long-circulating claim that the Pripyat residents and policemen who watched the Chernobyl explosion from a railway bridge, mostly (or even all) died. Sometimes even a dose of 500 rem (which is ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What is this tool/thing in an Aztec painting?

In between the warrior on the right, and the serpents in the center, is a small object. I’ve circled it in blue. This is from page 57 of the Codex Borgia. Full scans can be seen here. What is it? ...
3
votes
0answers
202 views

Was Frisbee criticized in the Soviet Union?

In the U.S. of the 1950s, the Space Age and molded plastic flying discs (Frisbees) were both novel. New materials and a supposed resemblance to UFOs made this linkage irresistible for early disc ...
3
votes
1answer
176 views

How popular was the name Imhotep?

How popular was the name Imhotep in Ancient Egypt, and what other great personages bore this name? His name is said to mean "the one who comes in peace", and there are similar names like Amenhotep, ...
0
votes
2answers
186 views

Who was the first American born citizen to become President? [closed]

Who was the first American born citizen to become President of the United States of America, we had this question recently in a pub quiz, the answer was George Washington, but several people said that ...
9
votes
1answer
131 views

When did Nuremberg adopt the Gregorian Calendar?

A similar question has been posed on this site in the past, "When did Frankfurt am Main adopt the Gregorian Calendar?. I'm trying to discern exactly when the city of Nuremberg adopted the Gregorian ...
25
votes
1answer
6k views

How long would it take to cross the Channel in 1890's?

For a story I'm writing, I'd like to know how long it would take to travel by ship from Calais to Dover in 1890's (as I read it was the easier way). Also, was it possible to take a boat from Calais ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

What were the characteristics of the earliest varieties of European cattle, “bos tauros”, and how were they kept?

I know that all modern cattle, whether they are bos tauros or not, are descended from aurochs, and that aurochs were allowed to mix with early domesticated cattle several times. I want to know more ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Was ancient China, between 3200 BCE and 2000 BCE, one of the densely populated areas in the world like Indus valley, and Near east?

Along with Yangtze river in Ancient China, around 3200 BCE, Liangzhu culture originated. According to prof.Colin Renfrew it might be earliest state like society in East Asia. The emergence of complex ...
1
vote
0answers
157 views

Why did the Renaissance Italians paint (pagan) Greek myths? [duplicate]

The Italians were very religious Catholics but why did they paint/sculpt heroes from Greek mythology? Weren't the Greeks considered pagans? In the examples below, some artists like Michelangelo were ...
7
votes
1answer
274 views

Why is Papadopoulos such a common surname in Greece?

Papadopoulos is the most common Greek surname. It means "son of a priest". The female version is Papadopoulou. I wonder why. As far as I know, priests don't marry and are celibate, meaning they can'...
2
votes
2answers
170 views

How accessible was the port of Archangelsk from the east?

During World War II, something like one half of Lend Lease supplies reached Russia via Vladivostok and the Trans Siberian railroad (what I call the eastern route); one quarter to south Russia from the ...
3
votes
2answers
233 views

The history of rivalry between US and Britain in late 19th Century and early 20th Century [closed]

I have read the references from Wikipedia. But they were mostly talking about the American oversea trade in the Europe market. But I am more interested in Britain's reactions to the challenge posed by ...
9
votes
1answer
283 views

Was red associated with “stop” or “danger” before railroads?

The automobile street signal colors of red and green were adopted because those colors were already in use by the railroads. Was the color red associated with "stop" before railroads? Was it ever ...
10
votes
2answers
348 views

Communication lag during the Age of Sail: what if enemy claimed that peace agreement was signed?

In the past due to the communication lag the hostilities could proceed long after peace agreements were signed. This was especially severe for the overseas territories and ships. I'm somewhat more ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Who said “Anything a machine can do, a machine should do”?

Alternately, "anything that can be done by a machine, should be done by a machine". I have heard variants of these quotes attributed to Brigham Young, but I have not been able to find any reliable ...
4
votes
0answers
124 views

Were RMS Lancastria survivors strafed?

The bombing and sinking of RMS Lancastria popped up in the "on this day" Wikipedia feed. RMS Lancastria In the article there is this paragraph: When German aircraft began strafing survivors in ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What was the flower of Empress Taytu?

Addis Ababa is the capital of Ethiopia. Its name means "New Flower" in Amharic (አዲስ አበባ), and the tale of how it got its name is told thus: The location of Addis Ababa was chosen by the Empress ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

Did 9/11 change people's behavior during the playing of the national anthem?

The Star-Spangled Banner was adopted as the official national anthem of the United States in 1931. Up until June 1942 there were no guidelines given as to how people were to behave during the playing ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Why did the Party “Deutschkonservative” vote against renewing the “Sozialistengesetze” in 1890?

The German conservative Party "Deutschkonservative" voted in 1890 against the annual renewal of the "Sozialistengesetze" ("Laws against the revolutionary machinations of social democracy"). This ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

What is the earliest instance of a celebrity endorsement of a commercial product?

Celebrity endorsements of various products, such as perfumes, soft drinks, or cars, are commonplace today. What is the earliest instance of such an occurrence? I’m considering a celebrity endorsement ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

How did currency exchange work in the Middle Ages, especially if the coins are not recognized?

According to Wikipedia, there were a wide range of currencies in the Middle Ages: The various Germanic states in the west all had coinages that imitated existing Roman and Byzantine forms. Gold ...
5
votes
1answer
175 views

At what date did the Ostrogoths formally stop ruling as Roman tributaries?

During the decline of the Western Roman Empire, various Germanic tribes that had been settled as 'foederati' or federates effectively took over swathes of Roman territory, being settled in these ...
1
vote
2answers
276 views

Why the M24 Chaffee was not used as a tank at Dien Bien Phu?

According to the Wikipedia page of the M-24 Chaffee, ten of these tanks were sent to the french forces in Dien Bien Phu, where they provide "fire support". Considering the French were outgunned by ...
-1
votes
0answers
86 views

What are the achievements of Israeli M7 Priest?

According to the wikipedia page, the M7 Priest where in service in Tsahal during the 6-days War and the Kippur War, but also during the Attrition War. What were there achievements during these wars? ...
10
votes
3answers
469 views

What profession(s) would have used this folding 'ruler'?

This ruler was originally handed down to an aunt on my (English) mother's side of the family. One side is a standard ruler in inches but, curiously, the other side is unlike anything I've been able to ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

How did European militia weaponry evolve over time? [closed]

I was wondering, as in the title, what stages the typical weapons employed by militias in European villages and towns went through. In particular, when reading about traditional German marksman's ...
0
votes
2answers
124 views

How did redenomination prevent the Weimar Republic from further decline?

My school is currently teaching us European History in the 20th century, and we were on the topic of the Weimar Republic. It got me thinking, how exactly did redenomination of currency save the ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Why did the USA sell so many airplanes prior to WW2?

I am wondering why there are so much airplanes made in USA in the world's air forces prior to WW2, since I don't think the US Air Force had the better reputation. You can count the: Glenn Martin ...
1
vote
0answers
177 views

Is it true that Winston Churchill said 'I bet my head on Crete' (or a similar statement)?

Long ago, I saw a Nazi propaganda caricature showing a headless Churchill serving his own severed head on a plate, the joke being that he foolishly claimed the Germans would be unable to take Crete. I ...
23
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the context for Napoleon's quote “[the Austrians] did not know the value of five minutes”?

Is this a real quote from Napoleon, and if so, what is the context? “The reason I beat the Austrians is, they did not know the value of five minutes.”

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