All Questions

1
vote
1answer
58 views

How were the first American citizens granted citizenship?

When the US declared itself independent in 1776, did it simply consider all people (of a certain demographic) already living in the US citizens? Or did these people have to apply to become citizens ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Was there someone popularly labeled by public as “Lord Mum”?

My teacher said in a motivational speech that there was a person (some king or duke etc) who had to make a speech/sermon after assuming his hereditary office. But when he appeared before the public he ...
7
votes
2answers
623 views

Did any Moors accompany Hernando de Soto in his exploration of Mississippi?

I was reading about Hernando de Soto and saw William Powell's painting (Relevant bit cropped and added below): The odd thing (Marked with a red arrow) is the man who looks Moorish and is dressed in ...
-2
votes
0answers
66 views

Where are the Einsatzgruppen Nuremberg trial transcripts? [on hold]

I searched the Yale Avalon archive. They only have the 1946 trials. No mention of the Soviet trials or 1951. Where are these transcripts? Were they never kept?
7
votes
1answer
62 views

Was there any genuine debate in the pre-1860 United States regarding Native American sovereignty?

The United States treated Native American tribes as sovereign states. Relations with various tribes were governed by a series of (often broken) treaties. At the same time, however, general ...
-2
votes
0answers
82 views

Why did native Americans agree with the Dawes act? [on hold]

Why did Native Americans agree with several federal acts such as Dawes act? How did Native Americans respond to federal requests?
1
vote
0answers
48 views

From Degania Alef (1909) on towards the formation of the state of Israel, what what were the major features of a Kibbutz?

I’m inquiring about the population, land area, facilities, education, skills, activities and developments related to a Kibbutz and its inhabitants.
-1
votes
0answers
45 views

Role of radical republicans in reconstruction era [on hold]

What role did the Radical Republicans play in getting the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments added to the Constitution during the Reconstruction Era? Who did the 15th Amendment ignore? This is what I ...
-2
votes
0answers
50 views

Appraise the late Ming and early Qing Dynasties’ isolationism [on hold]

Appraise the late Ming and early Qing Dynasties’ isolationism in light of the early Ming outward-looking policy, including naval ventures on the high seas.
0
votes
0answers
71 views

What would the arms, armor, and uniforms of medieval Aquitaine soldiers have been?

I'm working on a project, and am wondering what medieval soldiers from Aquitaine and Gascony would have looked like. I tried Google searches and I couldn't find anything. I searched with questions ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

Did Paul Robeson wash the US flag in protest?

I vaguely remember a story where the world-famous singer Paul Robeson, probably during an anti-war protest demonstration in the 60s, washed the US flag drenched in blood as a result of the policies of ...
3
votes
2answers
208 views

Why was Scipio the Younger accused of wishing to abolish Tiberius Gracchus laws?

In the Wikipedia page of Gaius Gracchus you can find this paragraph, which I find particularly confusing: When Scipio the Younger agreed to represent the Italian allies, who were protesting the ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

What were the policies of the Sammarinese communist party?

I've heard of things not going very well for many socialist countries in the 20th and 21st centuries with problems such as famine, civil war and genocide. However in contrast to states like the USSR ...
-3
votes
0answers
86 views

How did magic transition from a force believed to be real and evil, to a fictional and neutral force?

It used to be commonly believed that magic was a real, evil force. For example, see the Salem witch trials. Although this is still believed today by some people, most people are familiar with magic as ...
-1
votes
3answers
205 views

What prompted Lincoln to change his mind about ending slavery?

Prior to the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln asserted that he would not end slavery in the South and that he was not in favor of racial equality. Yet, by 1863 he signed the “Emancipation Proclamation” ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

What motivated landowners in the 18th and 19th centuries to support the distribution of land to peasants?

In Europe, before universal suffrage, statesmen in the Parliament / National Assemblies (or equivalent institutions) were not elected by the general population, but they had their seats due to their ...
7
votes
2answers
135 views

When has the U.S. refused to pay its debts?

In the late 1700s the U.S. refused to pay a large debt to France for money loaned during the American Revolution. (In this instance Congress decided. I do not know if the President had the ability ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

What was the early understanding of static electricity shocks?

What was the common understanding of electric shocks caused by static electricity in the ancient world and middle ages? I'm talking about the shock when you touch something on a dry day for example. ...
1
vote
2answers
210 views

Did the Nazis doctor photos in order to make Hitler look as good as possible?

There are people online who swear these photos of Hitler with kids, dogs and the like are real and were covered up. https://donotlink.it/EXJq Now I already know that Imperial Japan used censorship ...
-1
votes
0answers
15 views

Any ancient myths/folklore/tales/narratives/etc. about extraterrestrial voyages/people/beings? [migrated]

Stories like the tale of the bamboo cutter that are about extraterrestrial beings who visit earth and either return to their place of origin or not. They can also be about people from earth visiting ...
1
vote
5answers
368 views

A magic system at least partially based on the real-world cultural history of magic?

EDIT: Just to clarify, when I refer to magic, I am referring to the supernatural variety, not the stage variety. PREFACE: It was recommended to me that I might try and have this answered by the ...
5
votes
1answer
69 views

Where was the site of Mary Seacole's store in Aldershot?

Mary Seacole is best known for running a boarding-house for officers and their families during the Crimean War. I have found a few reliable sources suggesting that on her return to England she briefly ...
5
votes
3answers
185 views

How much did the western world know about the Soviet Union pre-WWII?

This question is inspired by being surprised at the insight of George Orwell's Animal Farm. For some reason, I had the impression that the western world was in the dark about the horribleness of the ...
2
votes
2answers
593 views

Columbian exchange in European grades K-12

I went through K-12 partly in Mexico and partly in the US. Children in both educational systems are taught at some point that certain products are native to the Americas and others arrived with the ...
0
votes
1answer
133 views

Why is it the Irish border such a sticking point in Brexit talks? [on hold]

I know little about Irish history, so this question could be very naive. Ongoing Brexit negotiations appear to be encountering a lot of problems concerning the Northern Ireland-Ireland border. Why? ...
9
votes
2answers
351 views

What is this war machine shown on Trajan's column?

The most comprehensive visual evidence about Roman army of I-II centuries is the Trajan column. It shows in great detail cloths, weapons, ships, military machines and other equipment of the Roman army....
66
votes
13answers
10k views

Why do western monotheistic religions seem to be so full of conflict over dogma?

This could be a totally false premise. But clearly when Christianity was starting (and even to this day) there were serious conflicts about ideology. You had the Arians, Monophysites, etc. all at each ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Manufacturing plans of historic industrial or military goods

So far I have only been a passive reader of History Stack Exchange and I think it is a great community that gives me a lot interesting topics to follow up. My question: A number of questions I have ...
18
votes
1answer
3k views

Who are the three men standing and what are they holding at this University of Paris Doctors' Meeting?

The image below is used on several sites but none of them give much information on this painting other than "Medieval Education in Europe: Meeting of Doctors in the University of Paris" and the source ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

I have some questions about deciphering an ancient language [migrated]

I’m very fascinated in learning new languages. I want to know: It is possible to decipher and learn how to talk in a ancient language? How to decipher at home any ancient language? Such as Ancient ...
-2
votes
0answers
110 views

Why did Fascism generally precede and accelerate the growth of the welfare state [on hold]

In all the European, Latin American and Asian countries Fascism was tried the result was generally rapid growth of state unions. What was this? Are there any inherent features of Fascism which ...
-4
votes
0answers
56 views

What role did religion play in reinforcing racism during the imperial age? [on hold]

I am a bit confused about this question and I have to write an essay on it. I do not know how to tie in religion with racism.
10
votes
1answer
205 views

How did old international loans work?

On June 11, 1782, John Adams secured a much needed loan for the new Republic from Holland. How exactly did this work in the days of strictly paper currency? What did it mean to loan internationally ...
8
votes
1answer
206 views

Why didn't invaders of India ever cross into Myanmar and beyond (east)?

All the foreign invaders, coming from the west, that I know of which invaded India (i.e. Delhi Sultanate, Mughals, Suri Empire, Ghurid Empire, Mamluk Dynasty, etc.) stopped around the Bengal area. ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

What happened to Gordian III in the Battle of Misiche?

I read in the Wikipedia that: "Roman sources do not mention this battle (Battle of Misiche) and suggest that Gordian died far away from Misiche, at Zaitha (Qalat es Salihiyah) in northern Mesopotamia."...
-3
votes
0answers
106 views

Is it correct to say the reason why the Roman Empire was weakened after Commodus' assassination is that he was the last Italian emperor? [closed]

I'm wondering, is it correct to say that the reason why the Roman Empire was weakened after Commodus' assassination, which finally led to crisis of the third century, is that almost all other emperors ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the source for this quote from the French Revolution?

I have read that, during the French Revolution, a Girondin once said about Marat: "give this man a glass of blood, he is thirsty!" Is there a source for this?
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Source for an alleged saying of Lenin

I have seen a certain phrase being attributed to Lenin repeatedly, but never with a source. The phrase is "Accuse them of doing what you do, of being who you are". It is supposed to be some cunning ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Any Evil Sibyls?

In the Judeo-Christian tradition there are people of Divine Insight who do evil, such as the Diviner Balaam. I'm wondering if there are Greco-Roman examples like this, especially if there are any ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

How to decode / read US Veterans Bureau Form 7202?

In doing some family background research, I came across an old military service record which says it is a "Form 7202 - Rev. Sept., 1927". I would like to decipher the meanings of the various codes to ...
1
vote
3answers
314 views

Murder–suicide by sinking the ship

Humankind has a sad, horrible history of intentional mass murder and murder–suicide by airplane and road vehicle. Are there known cases of a sailor or an officer on a ship trying to kill himself and ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

What is the meaning of the elements of this emblem?

Click for larger version This is a reproduction of an emblem passed down my family. The odd elliptical shape comes from the fact that the original is on a ring used for wax-sealing. We guess that ...
0
votes
2answers
274 views

Why Marcus Aurelius did not restore the Roman Republic? [closed]

I'm wondering why Marcus Aurelius, who could be considered as one of the most wise emperors of Roman Empire, did not restore Roman Republic constitutions? I read somewhere that the functionality of ...
4
votes
3answers
318 views

Why did European writers and artists continue to depict the Moors as being black skinned, even though they were mostly Berbers and Arabs

The Moors were foot soldiers of the Ummayad dynasties of Syria who crossed the straits of Gibraltar into the Iberian peninsula. Later in that period, two new dynasties emerged: the Almoravids and the ...
3
votes
1answer
286 views

During the Great Depression in America, was there an increase in popularity of Communism?

During the Great Depression, was there an increase in the popularity of Communism among the everyday American and if so, was this due to a longing for better living conditions?
4
votes
3answers
347 views

Why weren't colonies accepted as part of their colonizing countries?

I'll use the British empire as an example, although in principle the same question could apply to every other colonial power. The British empire was ruled by the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom ...
-2
votes
0answers
77 views

The Battle of Britain 1940 [closed]

Do you Agree that the british triumph may in fact have been down to the might of the British Navy and that people have perpetuating a mere myth originating from Winston Churchill?
4
votes
1answer
260 views

Why and how did climate change affect the Mayan civilization?

Why and how did climate change affect the Maya empire? I thought climate change was a modern problem so I'm confused when my World History textbook says that its one of the reasons for the decline of ...
4
votes
0answers
76 views

What literature explains life in Han dynasty tomb towns?

I've read in the book, The Early Chinese Empires: Qin and Han by Mark Edward Lewis, that ancient Chinese Emperors, upon their death, would have massive tomb hills/temples erected for their bodies to ...
81
votes
3answers
19k views

How would a 16-year-old girl from Cleopatra's era curse?

For one of my novels, I need to learn how Egyptian 16 year old teenagers spoke to each other on a daily basis. I did some research online but I have trouble to understand what languages peoples were ...

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