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Did traditional lithography produce continuous shading (tones) without halftone dots?

The Smithsonian Design Museum and the University of Minnesota, among others, claim that lithography is incapable of producing smoothly continuous shades without the halftone technique of tiny solid ...
rfii's user avatar
  • 101
-4 votes
0 answers
24 views

Why and how did the British justify invading so many countries? [closed]

Did they think they bring some kind of light, they have 'divine mission', white burden to civilize? What was the 'great cause' - Protestant ideas, spread Christian religion like Spanish?
ERJAN's user avatar
  • 115
-1 votes
0 answers
71 views

Can someone please help me identify this? I believe it was from my father’s or grandfather’s military service. Thank you [closed]

Need help to identify this pin.
Kathryn Youngman's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

What events between India and Myanmar relations happened in 1962 that led Myanmar to support separatism in India?

As far as Myanmar is concerned, some misunderstanding was created in the Indo-Myanmarese relations after 1962. This prompted Myanmar to allow Indian insurgents to use its territory. Source : Institute ...
ABHIJIT CID's user avatar
-5 votes
0 answers
75 views

Can the lunar Attic calendar be used to prove that the Athenians fought in the Trojan war? [closed]

Here is the 10 month lunar Athenian calendar. Hekatomaion Metageitnion Boedromion Pianepsion Maimaktirion Poseideon Gamelion Mounichion Thargelion Skirophorion According to Appian, the Trojan war ...
lee pappas's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
145 views

Was there an economic reason for Protestants' iconoclasm?

Europe underwent major economic upheavals during the creation of Protestantism (cf. E. Michael Jones, Barren Metal or Goy Guide to World History). Is this one reason why Protestants upheld iconoclasm? ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 2,315
0 votes
2 answers
152 views

What was the impact on France of the Washington Naval Conference?

Can anyone provide detailed sources on the economic impact of the Washington Naval Conference of 1921-1922 on France? Specifically looking for data on how the naval limitations affected France's ...
user67263's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
222 views
+100

What did the American founding fathers think of contemporary republics?

The story I learned in school (in th US around the turn of the millennium) was that democracy was invented in classical Greece and Rome, was quashed in both cases by rising empires, and then ceased to ...
Tim Campion's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
123 views

Were any members clergy (priests, rabbis, or imams) in the USSR members of Communist party or KGB operatives?

Inspired by question Were there in the USSR monasteries decorated with Soviet orders?. Although religion was contrary to the dominant Marxist ideology (but see Christian Communism), it was tolerated ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 4,102
0 votes
2 answers
240 views

Was British support for the Confederacy paradoxical?

It is well known that not only had Great Britain outlawed slavery but even interfered with ships of foreign powers carrying slaves. However, there are multiple cases of Britain supporting the South. ...
releseabe's user avatar
  • 2,306
-2 votes
0 answers
93 views

How important was the distinction between Greeks, freemen, barbarians, and slaves to the Ancient Greek National-Consciousness? [closed]

I have been reading The Idea of Nationalism by Hans Kohn, in it, he mentions that Aristotle in his Politics characterizes barbarians (non-Greeks) as being natural slaves, and Greeks as natural freemen....
16π Cent's user avatar
  • 111
0 votes
1 answer
204 views

Why might Benjamin Franklin have considered Germans (except Saxons), Spaniards, Italians, French, Russians and Swedes "swarthy"?

Franklin (1751): the number of purely white people in the world is proportionably very small. All Africa is black or tawny. Asia chiefly tawny. America (exclusive of the new comers) wholly so. And in ...
user103496's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

Where can I find a complete archive of audio recordings of Hitler speeches?

I am surprised History stackexchange has yet to have a question on sources for Audio Recordings of Hitler. Please note this is not a duplicate of previous questions on here as previous ones' are not ...
goldenjacob's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
4k views

What caused the builder to change plans midstream on this 1905 library in New England?

This is the builder's plan for a library in New Hampshire (US). It shows a small wooden structure with, one its facade, a dormer with a circular window and a double-door. Source And this is a ...
nuggethead's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
88 views

Who was Governor of Monterey, California, before 1769?

I understand that Portolá's expedition of 1769 in Alta California was in part to re-establish contact with the successor of a Spanish 'governor' who had been left in Monterey some years (perhaps 80) ...
denis's user avatar
  • 17
-2 votes
0 answers
62 views

How do these books (about the German resistance against Hitler) differ?

I could not find any online table of content associated with the following titles (all written by Michael C. Thomsett): 1- "The German Opposition to Hitler: The Resistance, the Underground, and ...
User's user avatar
  • 97
0 votes
1 answer
191 views

What kept the idea of a "German question" or unification in 19th Century Europe?

In 19th century Europe, there was such a thing as a "German question" i.e, how to achieve unification of all lands inhabited by Germans. What puzzles me is that, at that time, each of the ...
embedded_dev's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
63 views

17th/ 18th CE Sailing times to various countries from Argentina

Suppose one had a 17th/ 18th century type sail ship. How long would it take (on average, in appropriate seasons) to sail from/ to Buenos Aires to Washington DC Portugal South Africa Kerala, India ...
vishvAs vAsuki's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
90 views

What is the oldest wooden bowl ever found?

I read this article: Archaeologists find 2,000-Year-old wooden bowl in Northern Scotland. The Iron Age artifact was sealed in a subterranean chamber of the Cairns Broch, a tower-like stone structure. ...
Arwenz's user avatar
  • 209
-2 votes
1 answer
140 views

Was there communist opposition to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan?

I was told to come here from Politics SE so this is a repost. In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan to support the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan government. This obviously led to much ...
pillowcase99's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
2k views

Were there any stone vessels (including mortars) made in Paleolithic?

Stone mortars and pestles have been used by the Epi-Paleolithic (Mesolithic) Kebaran culture (the Levant with Sinai) from 22000 to 18000 BC to crush grains and other plant material. The Kebaran ...
Arwenz's user avatar
  • 209
-2 votes
1 answer
107 views

after 1917 the bolsheviks started conquering again all the former nations of russian empire(including poland and finland) -was it legal? [closed]

since the russian king Nicolay II dethroned himself - was it legal for the new administration to conquer back freed nations? what was the reason for the reds to come back and install their regime? why ...
ERJAN's user avatar
  • 115
-2 votes
2 answers
264 views

Why were the Germans accused of genocide at the start of WW1 against the Belgium people?

My understanding is that Belgium refused the Germans unchallenged passage through Belgium and into France as a precursor move at the very start of WW1. This, ostensibly, angered the Germans to commit ...
Iron Duke's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
262 views

Was it a custom to offer a dancer that pleased you anything at all? Like in King Herod’s case

This is a pretty simple question that would require a yes or no answer. Mark 6:22 “When the daughter of Herodias came in and danced, she pleased Herod and his dinner guests. The king said to the girl, ...
Lyd's user avatar
  • 139
-5 votes
0 answers
55 views

The Ancient Hanifs of Arabia

The Hanifs of Arabia, were saidcitation needed to have been one of the earliest monotheistic cultures in World History. While Ismail retained the monotheism of his Father, Ibrahim-(Abraham), his ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 65
12 votes
3 answers
4k views

How far back in time have historians estimated the rate of economic growth and the economic power of various empires?

I'm wondering if historians have figured out a way to combine historical datasets perhaps by using some kind of economic equivalent of Dendrochronology, where lots of different historical datasets are ...
phil1008's user avatar
  • 223
1 vote
1 answer
136 views

Has any US Presidential nominee/presumptive nominee from a major party, apart from Johnson, withdrawn from the race mid-campaign?

After the recent US Presidential debate between Joe Biden and Donald Trump, the news has been flooded by statements from numerous sources saying essentially this, namely that Biden's performance was ...
Dario Quint's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
431 views

Why was William Tyndale executed but nothing happened to Miles Coverdale? [closed]

Why was William Tyndale executed but Miles Coverdale was not?
Betty Knowlton's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
868 views

What is the original source of this Sigurimi logo?

Wikipedia uses this image on every language page for Sigurimi, the Albanian Directorate of State Security from 1944 to 1991. The image description asserts that this is a "Digital recreation of ...
SPavel's user avatar
  • 11.2k
16 votes
2 answers
356 views

Are these depictions of ancient Greek and Roman libraries "scroll-shelves" historically accurate?

In some modern depictions of ancient Greek and Roman libraries or studies, I sometimes see shelving units specifically designed for scrolls. These feature cubby-hole style compartments of squarish ...
Povel's user avatar
  • 161
1 vote
3 answers
237 views

Why did the Nazis bother distinguishing Jews on the basis of statehood and citizenship (if they saw a "world of races" and not of states)?

All quotes below from Snyder (Black Earth, 2015, bold font added by me): When the survival of the state was in question, Antonescu slowed the persecution of Jews. Hitler, who actually believed in a ...
user103496's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
2k views

What is a quarter in 19th-century England converted to contemporary pints?

Note: I do have an analogous post up on the mathematics stack exchange here Copy-Pasted from there: "I've been going through and writing up solutions for Euler's Elements of Algebra Practice ...
Fuzzy Trex's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
141 views

In Islam, was it possible for some religous/ethnic group/country/region to make change from Sunni to Shia or Shia to Sunni?

In Islam, was it possible for some religious/ethnic group/country/region to make change from Sunni to Shia or Shia to Sunni? Were there cases that of such change? If yes, what did cause them?
Pavel's user avatar
  • 11
3 votes
1 answer
682 views

Were trained crocodiles used as a weapon in the Battle of Saraighat?

There is a youtube video about The Ahom Kingdom. It generally sounds fairly well researched and makes only one obvious extraordinary claim. In describing the Battle of Saraighat (1671) the following ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 197
5 votes
0 answers
51 views

What court positions did Abe no Yasuchika hold during the reign of Emperor Nijō?

I've been having a frustrating time researching the career of Abe no Yasuchika, who was an onmyoji (yin-yang diviner/astrologer) during the late Heian period in Japan. Searching Google mostly gives me ...
Yeslek71's user avatar
-3 votes
2 answers
208 views

How did they build tall and heavy stone buildings in the 19th century? [closed]

Lately, I've been watching these videos about how a lot of buildings allegedly built in the mid-to-late 19th century (1800s) look extremely old even on the photos taken when they were supposedly just ...
A. Lugg's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
171 views

Did the Soviets learn about the SS tattoos only in late 1945 (and why so late)?

Antony Beevor, in the context of late April 1945 / early May 1945 in Berlin: The French NCO claimed that they were forced labourers who had been press-ganged into uniform by the Germans when the Red ...
user103496's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
76 views

Sources / books from WW1 veterans before WW2? [closed]

can you suggest any books that look into how WW1 veterans reacted in the impending run-up to ww2? Or names of people to look into. It doesn't have to be the entire focus of the book. I am interested ...
Snarbjenkmi's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
119 views

What happened with "the first salute" of the Dutch to the flag of the United States?

In this answer to a related question "the first salute" of the Dutch to the United States (Continental) flag is brought up as well as this source on it https://www.john-adams.nl/the-first-...
Kvothe's user avatar
  • 121
1 vote
1 answer
197 views

How does this 18th century map interpret the words "colony" and "province"?

This is a follow-up to this earlier question. The first-ever comprehensive dictionary of English was Samuel Johnson's dictionary, published in 1755. One answer to the earlier question quoted from that ...
Michael Hardy's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
136 views

When was the world's minimum rate of forced labour?

According to the International Labour Organization (ILO) the rate of forced labour globally is currently going up: Definition of forced labor Forced labour, as set out in the ILO Forced Labour ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 197
2 votes
0 answers
157 views

How long did the 19th century Europe Grand Tour take?

I’m writing a story set it 1815 and I want it to be as close as possible to history. I know the countries that were visited and the routes they took, but I will love to know how much time it took ...
Ale's user avatar
  • 21
-5 votes
1 answer
138 views

How much of the surviving ancient Egyptian text has been found? [closed]

It is like oil. Even if we can not say how much oil has not been found yet, we still can have various estimates. As far I know, the currently available total mass of ancient Egyptian text is about 5 ...
Gray Sheep's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
6k views

Was Croatia the first country to recognize the sovereignity of the USA? Was Croatia expecting military help from USA that didn't come?

I remember being taught both in the middle school and in high school that Croatia, then with the capital in Dubrovnik and called Ragusan Republic, was the first (or at least one of the first) country ...
FlatAssembler's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
114 views

What federal statutes defined aliens (in)eligibility to US citizenship in 1913?

According to a recent news report, a Florida law that went into effect about a year ago bars Chinese citizens that are not permanent residents of the United States from acquiring real estate in the ...
njuffa's user avatar
  • 2,588
9 votes
1 answer
1k views

Where did Borobudur's stones come from?

Borobudur is a Buddhist temple located in central Java (Indonesia). It is made of andesite, a volcanic rock common in the area—nearby volcano Mount Merapi is andesitic. But I have some troubles ...
Jean-Marie Prival's user avatar
17 votes
1 answer
3k views

What was the Nuclear Boy Scout's Eagle Scout Project?

My kids recently came across the story of David Hahn, the young man who tried to build a nuclear reactor in his parents' backyard shed when he was 17, causing the EPA to designate the shed a Superfund ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 120k
5 votes
1 answer
630 views

How did Vauban develop his parallel siege technique first used during the 1673 siege of Maastricht?

During the second to last siege before Maastricht Vauban directed the 1672 siege of Orsoy, where he used what had been the long standing zigzag of the trenches to approach the city (lower right of the ...
Bob516's user avatar
  • 464
1 vote
1 answer
139 views

Did Jamal Husseini say "The blood will flow like rivers in the Middle East"?

On page 50 of his 2008 book 1948: A History of the First Arab–Israeli War, Benny Morris wrote: The Arab reaction was just as predictable: “The blood will flow like rivers in the Middle East,” ...
Onaano's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
0 answers
97 views

Was there any mention of metal helmets in ancient India?

Primarily during the reign of the Guptas is their any mention of use of metal helmets and even armour if so how did these look like?
Haridasa's user avatar
  • 111

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