The Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain in the 18th century. The precursor to the Industrial Revolution was the Enlightenment. This occurred when European scholars rediscovered Greek and Roman ideas. One outcome was the discovery of the scientific method, as well as an overall "rational" viewpoint towards scholarship, and Europeans applied it in their home countries with great results.
Great Britain seems to share many qualities with the Classical ancient societies of Greece and Rome, so I wanted to know what was specifically different about Great Britain that allowed it to develop the Industrial Revolution. The following are a few things that were the same:
1) Empires with wide trading networks
2 ) "Rational" science, technology and philosophy
3) Rome had a strong legal system. The British legal system was based on the Roman one and is an explanation for its protections of property rights.
4) "Democratic" societies (even if not everyone could actually vote)
6) Rome understood the concepts of an assembly line and specialization, which Great Britain rediscovered through Adam Smith
The following are things I believe might be dissimilar:
1) The invention of the internal combustion engine/ mechanization through steam power
I feel I am either overgeneralizing or have left things off the second list.