In Alistair Horne's Seven Ages of Paris, he gives a description of France's revolution in June of 1848. He says,
Killed, too, were no fewer than five of Cavaignac's generals, as well as hundreds of unarmed citizens. Official figures-though these were almost certainly a gross underestimate-put the deaths at 914 among the government troops, and 1,435 for the insurgents. A police commissioner counted fifteen large furniture vans piled high with corpses; many were "shot while escaping," or summarily executed in the quarries of Montmartre or the Buttes-Chaumout in eastern Paris.
My question is: what is an 1848 furniture van? The first reference (I can find) to an internal-combustion engine in France is Nicéphore Niépce's in 1807, but it didn't seem to have a practical usage, and certainly not for furniture moving. Was the furniture "van" horse drawn?