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I've done a bit of searching and was unable to find what I expected to be a simple statistic. By "efficiency" I mean the percentage of the Plutonium in the bomb that actually fissioned.

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According to the Wikipedia article on Trinity, the estimated yield of the device was between 18 and 20 kilotons from a 6.2 kg plutonium 239 core. Complete fission of Pu-239 yields 19 kilotons per kilogram, giving an efficiency of somewhere between 15% and 17%.

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For the Hiroshima bomb (Little Boy) with 64kg of Uranium only 700 grams was fissioned, or about 1.09% before the remaining HEU was blown apart.

Interestingly a soil sample survey from Hiroshima in 1983 could no longer detect evidence of Uranium above background levels.

The superiority of using Plutonium came from the fact reactors at Haniford could produce it from un-enriched Uranium. It also made the weapon fail safe.

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  • He is asking about the Gadget, not the Hiroshima bomb. – Tyler Durden Jun 19 '14 at 3:49
  • I am not ignorant of the Trinity test. It is a matter of interest and relevance what the efficiency of the Hiroshima weapon was in relation to the Gadget. I find people with rigid views and strict interpretations of what is relevant, or otherwise, tedious in their lack of imagination. – user2357 Jun 19 '14 at 4:29

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