After the middle age sabres almost completely replaced swords in the europe. I don't see any reason why sabres are superior to swords used before so why that happened?

By swords used before I mean the straight blades which enabled to cut and thrust equally well (rapiers are mostly for thrusting).

The "sabre" idea came to the Europe from the east where curved blades were widely used . Polish and Hungary fought with tatars and found out that curved blades are very effective for raiders(cavalry) when fighting unarmored enemy but I wonder if that was the only reason to replace straight swords (not rapiers).

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    But sabres are a type of sword... – Semaphore Sep 20 '14 at 6:02
  • invention of gunpowder enabled the use of lighter cold weapons since general killing capacity remained the same – Bak1139 Sep 20 '14 at 9:30
  • What research have you done? – Mark C. Wallace Sep 20 '14 at 11:30
  • What's your reference for making the statement that sabres replaced swords? – Rajib Sep 20 '14 at 14:36
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    Strictly a guess here with no research whatsoever... generally speaking a "sword" (such as a broadsword) was a stand up weapon, used by a knight, to hew off an opponents head, arms, whatever. A large sword was not the normal weapon of choice from a mounted position. Once the combatants became mounted forces charging one another in great numbers (aka cavalry), the switch to the (generally curved) saber form was met. The curved form meant for easier wearing in a seated position, and easier use without the casual lopping off of horse ears. (Unless of course, that is your 'thing') – CGCampbell Sep 20 '14 at 15:41

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