Pacific settlement is spread over a very wide area, grouped into three common ethic or geographic groupings:

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Did the indigenous inhabitants of these regions originate from the same diaspora?

closed as off-topic by Semaphore, Kobunite, Mark C. Wallace, Samuel Russell, Branko Sego Nov 3 '14 at 13:43

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  • 2
    The above picture seems to be from a wiki article which answers your question specifically. But there are more articles that came up on searching. Such as this and this. – Rajib Nov 1 '14 at 2:46
  • As @Rajib pointed out, this question is off-topic as it is trivial. – Semaphore Nov 1 '14 at 3:58

The Polynesian people are considered to be by linguistic, archaeological and human genetic ancestry a subset of the sea-migrating Austronesian people and tracing Polynesian languages places their prehistoric origins in the Malay Archipelago, and ultimately, in Taiwan.

Between about 3000 and 1000 BC speakers of Austronesian languages began spreading from Taiwan into Island Southeast Asia, as tribes whose natives were thought to have arrived through South China about 8,000 years ago to the edges of western Micronesia and on into Melanesia, although they are different from the Han Chinese who now form the majority of people in China and Taiwan. In fact Taiwan, previously inhabited mostly by non-Han aborigines, was Sinicized via large-scale migration accompanied with assimilation during the 17th century.

-from wikipedia

When looking at human settlement of the Pacific, anthropologists divide the Pacific into two regions:

Near Oceania, which was settled by humans by 30,000 BP.

Remote Oceania, which was not settled until around 3000 BP.


These results have led Lisa and her colleagues to suggest a new model for Polynesian origins: It is based on an existing framework for Lapita origins suggested by Roger Green in 1991. Here are the key ideas:

  1. The Lapita colonists in West Polynesia and the rest of Remote Oceania look very much like the current indigenous populations of Vanuatu, New Caledonia and western Fiji.

  2. Around 1500 BP a new population arrived in Western Polynesia with new and more typically Asian derived physical characteristics, and mtDNA lineages.

  3. These new people also introduced new mtDNA lineages of commensal rats, dogs and chickens.

  4. There was intense and complex interactions with the existing Lapita-descended populations as they spread over West Polynesia.

  5. This resulted in the formation of the Ancestral Polynesian culture, who then dispersed east, and north into the rest of Polynesia.

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